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1.  Heterologous expression, immunochemical and computational analysis of recombinant human interferon alpha 2b 
SpringerPlus  2013;2:264.
Interferon alpha 2b (IFNα-2b) is an important cytokine and used for antiviral and anticancer treatment. The low cost production of IFNα-2b with high biological activity is necessary to provide the interferon therapy to the hepatitis patients in Pakistan. In the present study, human interferon alpha 2b (hIFNα-2b) gene from a healthy person was cloned and overexpressed in E. coli BL21(DE3). The molecular weight of the expressed hIFNα-2b is 19 kDa. The over expressed recombinant hIFNα-2b was checked by ELISA using antibodies raised against commercially available hIFNα-2b. The biocomputational analysis of recombinant hIFNα-2b gene showed the 99.9% nucleotide sequence and 100% deduced amino acid sequence homology with reported sequences of IFNα-2b. The predicted 3D-structure showed mainly five α-helices, one 310 helix and two disulfide bonds at Cys1-Cys98 and Cys129-Cys138. The amino acid sequence alignment indicated that the disulfide linkage position is conserved in all IFNα family members. On the basis of sequence homology among interferon alpha family, new potent variants of hIFNα-2b with enhance efficacy can be produced. Indigenous production of IFNα-2b from gene of local population will reduce the cost and increase tolerability of interferon therapy.
PMCID: PMC3695685  PMID: 23875128
hIFNα-2b; Cloning; Overexpression; Computational analysis
2.  Inhibitory effect of Allium sativum and Zingiber officinale extracts on clinically important drug resistant pathogenic bacteria 
Herbs and spices are very important and useful as therapeutic agent against many pathological infections. Increasing multidrug resistance of pathogens forces to find alternative compounds for treatment of infectious diseases.
In the present study the antimicrobial potency of garlic and ginger has been investigated against eight local clinical bacterial isolates. Three types of extracts of each garlic and ginger including aqueous extract, methanol extract and ethanol extract had been assayed separately against drug resistant Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Shigella sonnei, Staphylococcusepidermidis and Salmonella typhi. The antibacterial activity was determined by disc diffusion method.
All tested bacterial strains were most susceptible to the garlic aqueous extract and showed poor susceptibility to the ginger aqueous extract. The (minimum inhibitory concentration) MIC of different bacterial species varied from 0.05 mg/ml to 1.0 mg/ml.
In the light of several socioeconomic factors of Pakistan mainly poverty and poor hygienic condition, present study encourages the use of spices as alternative or supplementary medicine to reduce the burden of high cost, side effects and progressively increasing drug resistance of pathogens.
PMCID: PMC3418209  PMID: 22540232
Garlic; Ginger; Antibacterial activity; Extracts

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