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1.  Plant DNA Recombinases: A Long Way to Go 
Journal of Nucleic Acids  2009;2010:646109.
DNA homologous recombination is fundamental process by which two homologous DNA molecules exchange the genetic information for the generation of genetic diversity and maintain the genomic integrity. DNA recombinases, a special group of proteins bind to single stranded DNA (ssDNA) nonspecifically and search the double stranded DNA (dsDNA) molecule for a stretch of DNA that is homologous with the bound ssDNA. Recombinase A (RecA) has been well characterized at genetic, biochemical, as well as structural level from prokaryotes. Two homologues of RecA called Rad51 and Dmc1 have been detected in yeast and higher eukaryotes and are known to mediate the homologous recombination in eukaryotes. The biochemistry and mechanism of action of recombinase is important in understanding the process of homologous recombination. Even though considerable progress has been made in yeast and human recombinases, understanding of the plant recombination and recombinases is at nascent stage. Since crop plants are subjected to different breeding techniques, it is important to know the homologous recombination process. This paper focuses on the properties of eukaryotes recombinases and recent developments in the field of plant recombinases Dmc1 and Rad51.
doi:10.4061/2010/646109
PMCID: PMC2925088  PMID: 20798837
2.  Histone octamer trans-transfer: a signature mechanism of ATP-dependent chromatin remodelling unravelled in wheat nuclear extract 
Annals of Botany  2011;108(7):1235-1246.
Background and Scope
In eukaryotes, chromatin remodelling complexes are shown to be responsible for nucleosome mobility, leading to increased accessibility of DNA for DNA binding proteins. Although the existence of such complexes in plants has been surmised mainly at the genetic level from bioinformatics studies and analysis of mutants, the biochemical existence of such complexes has remained unexplored.
Methods
Histone H1-depleted donor chromatin was prepared by micrococcal nuclease digestion of wheat nuclei and fractionation by exclusion chromatography. Nuclear extract was partially purified by cellulose phosphate ion exchange chromatography. Histone octamer trans-transfer activity was analysed using the synthetic nucleosome positioning sequence in the absence and presence of ATP and its analogues. ATPase activity was measured as 32Pi released using liquid scintillation counting.
Key Results
ATP-dependent histone octamer trans-transfer activity, partially purified from wheat nuclei using cellulose phosphate, showed ATP-dependent octamer displacement in trans from the H1-depleted native donor chromatin of wheat to the labelled synthetic nucleosome positioning sequence. It also showed nucleosome-dependent ATPase activity. Substitution of ATP by ATP analogues, namely ATPγS, AMP-PNP and ADP abolished the octamer trans-transfer, indicating the requirement of ATP hydrolysis for this activity.
Conclusions
ATP-dependent histone octamer transfer in trans is a recognized activity of chromatin remodelling complexes required for chromatin structure dynamics in non-plant species. Our results suggested that wheat nuclei also possess a typical chromatin remodelling activity, similar to that in other eukaryotes. This is the first report on chromatin remodelling activity in vitro from plants.
doi:10.1093/aob/mcr232
PMCID: PMC3197459  PMID: 21896571
ATPase; chromatin remodelling; histone; octamer-transfer; SWI/SNF-like complex; wheat; Triticum aestivum

Results 1-2 (2)