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Anesthesia Progress (2)
Ichinohe, Tatsuya (2)
Terakawa, Yui (2)
Kaneko, Yuzuru (1)
Matsuura, Nobuyuki (1)
Ninomiya, Asako (1)
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Large-Dose Epinephrine Reduces Skeletal Muscle Blood Flow Under General Anesthesia in Rabbits
The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of an epinephrine continuous infusion on muscle blood flow in rabbits. Sixteen male Japan White rabbits were randomly allocated to 1 of 2 groups: epinephrine continuous infusion at 0.01 μg/kg/min (Ep-0.01 group, n = 8) and at 0.1 μg/kg/ min (Ep-0.1 group, n = 8). The observed variables were heart rate, femoral artery blood pressure, common carotid artery blood flow (CCBF), masseter muscle blood flow (MBF), and quadriceps muscle blood flow (QBF). In the Ep-0.01 group, CCBF, MBF, and QBF were increased by 14, 22, and 21% from respective control values. In contrast, in the Ep-0.1 group, CCBF, MBF and QBF were decreased by 10, 30, and 27% from respective control values. There were no differences in the percentage change between MBF and QBF during epinephrine continuous infusion. Positive correlations were observed between CCBF and MBF and between CCBF and QBF. In conclusion, skeletal muscle blood flow was increased during the small-dose epinephrine infusion, whereas it was decreased during large-dose infusion.
Epinephrine; Skeletal muscle blood flow; Rabbits
Oral Mucosal Injection of a Local Anesthetic Solution Containing Epinephrine Enhances Muscle Relaxant Effects of Rocuronium
The purpose of this study was to examine how submucosal injection of a clinically relevant dose of a lidocaine hydrochloride solution containing epinephrine affects the muscle relaxant effects of rocuronium bromide. Sixteen patients scheduled for orthognathic surgery participated in this study. All patients were induced with fentanyl citrate, a target-controlled infusion of propofol and rocuronium bromide. Anesthesia was maintained by total intravenous anesthesia. After nasotracheal intubation, an infusion of rocuronium bromide was started at 7 µg/kg/min, and the infusion rate was then adjusted to maintain a train of four (TOF) ratio at 10 to 15%. The TOF ratio just prior to oral mucosal injection of a 1% lidocaine hydrochloride solution containing 10 µg/mL epinephrine (LE) was taken as the baseline. TOF ratio was observed for 20 minutes, with 1-minute intervals following the start of injection. Mean epinephrine dose was 85.6 ± 18.6 µg and mean infusion rate of rocuronium bromide was 6.3 ± 1.6 µg/kg/min. TOF ratio began to decrease 2 minutes after the injection of LE, reached the minimum value at 3.1 ± 3.6% 12 minutes after the injection, and then began to recover. We conclude that oral mucosal injection of LE enhances the muscle relaxant effects of rocuronium bromide.
Rocuronium; Lidocaine with epinephrine; Muscle relaxant effects
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