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Anesthesia Progress (1)
European Journal of Pediatrics (1)
Iatrou, Ioannis (2)
Cocos, Alina (1)
Ioannidis, Panayotis (1)
Kanavaki, Sophia (1)
Kleftogiannis, Matthaios (1)
Maragou, Chrysoula (1)
Stenou, Antonia (1)
Theologie-Lygidakis, Nadia (1)
Tsolia, Maria N. (1)
Tzermpos, Fotios H. (1)
Zarakas, Marissa (1)
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Transient Delayed Facial Nerve Palsy After Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block Anesthesia
Tzermpos, Fotios H.
Facial nerve palsy, as a complication of an inferior alveolar nerve block anesthesia, is a rarely reported incident. Based on the time elapsed, from the moment of the injection to the onset of the symptoms, the paralysis could be either immediate or delayed. The purpose of this article is to report a case of delayed facial palsy as a result of inferior alveolar nerve block, which occurred 24 hours after the anesthetic administration and subsided in about 8 weeks. The pathogenesis, treatment, and results of an 8-week follow-up for a 20-year-old patient referred to a private maxillofacial clinic are presented and discussed. The patient's previous medical history was unremarkable. On clinical examination the patient exhibited generalized weakness of the left side of her face with a flat and expressionless appearance, and she was unable to close her left eye. One day before the onset of the symptoms, the patient had visited her dentist for a routine restorative procedure on the lower left first molar and an inferior alveolar block anesthesia was administered. The patient's medical history, clinical appearance, and complete examinations led to the diagnosis of delayed facial nerve palsy. Although neurologic occurrences are rare, dentists should keep in mind that certain dental procedures, such as inferior alveolar block anesthesia, could initiate facial nerve palsy. Attention should be paid during the administration of the anesthetic solution.
Inferior alveolar nerve block; Facial nerve palsy
Primary tooth abscess caused by Mycobacterium bovis in an immunocompetent child
Tsolia, Maria N.
European Journal of Pediatrics
Bovine tuberculosis is a zoonotic disease, and although its incidence has dramatically decreased in developed countries where effective control measures are applied, it still remains a potential health hazard in the developing world. Tuberculosis of the oral cavity is extremely rare and is usually secondary to pulmonary involvement. We present the unusual case of an immunocompetent 6-year-old child residing in an urban area with primary oral tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium bovis, which was confirmed by the application of a molecular genetic approach. M. bovis belongs to Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex which comprises species with close genetic relationship, and for this reason, the use of new molecular techniques is a useful tool for the differentiation at species level of the closely related members of this complex.
M. bovis; Dental abscess; Zoonoses; DNA-STRIP technology
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