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1.  The Ayurveda Education in India: How Well Are the Graduates Exposed to Basic Clinical Skills? 
“Ayurveda” is an ancient system of healthcare that is native to India. At present, in India, there are more than 240 colleges that offer a graduate-level degree (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery—BAMS) in Ayurveda. Even though the Central Council of Indian Medicine, the governing body that monitors the matters related to Ayurveda education, has imposed various educational norms and regulations, the standard of education has been a cause of concern in recent years. The mushrooming of substandard Ayurvedic colleges is the most important factor that is being held responsible for this kind of erosion in the standards. The present study is a mailed survey, which was carried out to evaluate the “Extent of exposure to basic clinical skills during BAMS course” as perceived by the sample groups of students and teachers drawn from 32 Ayurvedic educational institutions spread all over India. A methodically validated questionnaire was used as the tool in the study, to which 1022 participants responded. The study indicates that there are some serious flaws in the existing system of the graduate-level Ayurveda education. Since the Ayurvedic graduates play an important role in the primary healthcare delivery system of the country, governing bodies are required to take necessary steps to ensure the adequate exposure of the students to basic clinical skills. Along with the strict implementation of all the regulatory norms during the process of recognition of the colleges, introducing some changes in the policy model may also be required to tackle the situation.
PMCID: PMC3095267  PMID: 19687194
2.  Prevention of acetaminophen induced hepatorenal damage in mice with rhizomes of Glycyrrhiza glabra A histophysiological study 
Ancient Science of Life  2011;30(3):72-77.
Protective role of Gycyrrhiza glabra rhizomes (roots) at three dose levels (100, 75, & 50 mg/kg/bw) against sublethaldose (300 mg/kg/bw) of acetaminophen (paracetamol) induced hepatorenal damage has been assessed in mice. Parameters of study were glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT), glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT), billirubin, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) as liver function tests, creatinine and urea as kidney function tests and histology for pathology. G.glabra could antagonize acetaminophen induced both,hepato and nephrotoxicity in dose dependent manner. No protection provided by a single dose of G.glabra (1.5 gm/kg/bw) against lethal dose of acetaminophen (1gm/kg/bw). Probable protective role is discussed.
PMCID: PMC3336255  PMID: 22557431
Glycyrrhiza glabra; acetaminophen /paracetamol; liver-kidney; mice; antioxidants
3.  Global challenges of graduate level Ayurvedic education: A survey 
In the present day scenario, Ayurveda is globally being perceived in several contradictory ways. Poor quality of Ayurveda graduates produced as a result of poorly structured and poorly regulated education system is at least one of the important factors responsible for this scenario. The present study was carried out to evaluate the ‘Global challenges of graduate level Ayurvedic education’ and is based on the responses of Ayurvedic students and Ayurvedic teachers from various educational institutions of India to a methodically validated questionnaire. As the study indicates, the poor standard of Ayurvedic education in India is definitely a cause of concern. The curriculum of Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) course of studies is required to be reviewed and restructured. The syllabi are required to be updated with certain relevant topics like laws governing the intellectual property rights, basic procedures of standardization of medicinal products, fundamental methods of evaluating the toxicity of the medicinal products, essentials of healthcare management and the basics of cultivation and marketing of medicinal plants. Furthermore, the study suggests that the Ayurvedic academicians are required to be trained in standard methods of research and documentation skills, and the educational institutions are required to be encouraged to contribute their share in building up the evidence base for Ayurveda in the form of quality education and research.
PMCID: PMC2876920  PMID: 20532099
Ayurveda education; global challenges; India; mailed survey
4.  Hypocholesterolemic effect of Terminalia chebula fruit (Myrobalan) in mice 
Ancient Science of Life  2004;23(4):11-15.
Cholesterol fed mice were administered powdered myrobalan, the fruit of Terminalia chebula, to evaluate its antiatherogenic activity. Male mice were fed a diet containing 1% cholesterol with or without myrobalan for 100 days. The cholesterol containing diet fed to mice caused increased food intake, body weight, serum cholesterol, triglyceride, thickening of the walls of aorta and shrinkage in its lumen (group 2) . The oral administration of myrobalan to mice on atherogenic diet successfully reversed these effect (group 3). However, the food intake was observed to be high as compared to the control animals. Control animals (group 1) received only the vehicle. The results suggest that myrobalan has hypocholesterolemic effect in animals fed with atherogenic diet.
PMCID: PMC3330977  PMID: 22557135
Myrobalan; hypocholesterolemia; cholesterol; triglyceride
5.  Prevention of toxic effects of mercuric chloride on Some male accessory organs in mice with a Multiherbal drug “Speman” 
Ancient Science of Life  2000;20(1-2):6-10.
Adult Swiss albino male mice exposed to mercuric chloride via drinking water at 5 μg/ml for 100 days revealed significant reduction in the wet weight and severe histopathological changes in male accessory organs, poor level of serum testosterone and infertility. These effects were reduced remarkable and fertility was restored when drug (12.50 mg/mouse/day orally) was administered during mercury exposure for 100days or after Hg-exposure for next 60 days (Post therapy). Natural recovery after mercury exposure for 60 days remind ineffective. Probable action of herbal drug based on the presence of the active principles of constituents (i.e Orchis mascula, Mucuna pruriens, parmelia perlata, Argyreia speciosa, Tribulus terristris, Leptadenia reticulate, Lactuca scariola and Hygrophila spinosa) is discussed in detail.
PMCID: PMC3336420  PMID: 22556990
Arachidic acid; Linoleic acid; Stigmasterol; Dopamin; Glutathione; S; Vit A; B1; C and E; Zn; Ca Cu and Co
6.  Accidents in the Home 
British Medical Journal  1964;1(5396):1508.
PMCID: PMC1814705

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