PMCC PMCC

Search tips
Search criteria

Advanced
Results 1-2 (2)
 

Clipboard (0)
None

Select a Filter Below

Journals
Year of Publication
Document Types
1.  Comparison study of intensity modulated arc therapy using single or multiple arcs to intensity modulated radiation therapy for high-risk prostate cancer 
Radiation Oncology Journal  2013;31(2):104-110.
Purpose
Intensity modulated arc therapy (IMAT) is a form of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) that delivers dose in single or multiple arcs. We compared IMRT plans versus single-arc field (1ARC) and multi-arc fields (3ARC) IMAT plans in high-risk prostate cancer.
Materials and Methods
Sixteen patients were studied. Prostate (PTVP), right pelvic (PTVRtLN) and left pelvic lymph nodes (PTVLtLN), and organs at risk were contoured. PTVP, PTVRtLN, and PTVLtLN received 50.40 Gy followed by a boost to PTVB of 28.80 Gy. Three plans were per patient generated: IMRT, 1ARC, and 3ARC. We recorded the dose to the PTV, the mean dose (DMEAN) to the organs at risk, and volume covered by the 50% isodose. Efficiency was evaluated by monitor units (MU) and beam on time (BOT). Conformity index (CI), Paddick gradient index, and homogeneity index (HI) were also calculated.
Results
Average Radiation Therapy Oncology Group CI was 1.17, 1.20, and 1.15 for IMRT, 1ARC, and 3ARC, respectively. The plans' HI were within 1% of each other. The DMEAN of bladder was within 2% of each other. The rectum DMEAN in IMRT plans was 10% lower dose than the arc plans (p < 0.0001). The GI of the 3ARC was superior to IMRT by 27.4% (p = 0.006). The average MU was highest in the IMRT plans (1686) versus 1ARC (575) versus 3ARC (1079). The average BOT was 6 minutes for IMRT compared to 1.3 and 2.9 for 1ARC and 3ARC IMAT (p < 0.05).
Conclusion
For high-risk prostate cancer, IMAT may offer a favorable dose gradient profile, conformity, MU and BOT compared to IMRT.
doi:10.3857/roj.2013.31.2.104
PMCID: PMC3712173  PMID: 23865007
High risk prostate cancer; Intensity modulated arc therapy; Intensity modulated radiation therapy; RapidArc
2.  The role of PET/CT in decreasing inter-observer variability in treatment planning and evaluation of response for cervical cancer 
We have previously introduced anatomic biologic contouring (ABC) with PET/CT, using a distinct “halo” to unify contouring methods in treatment planning for lung and head and neck cancers. The objective of this study is to assess the utility of PET/CT in planning and treatment response for cervical cancer. Forty-two patients with stages II-IIIB cervix cancer were planned for irradiation using PET/CT. A CT-based Gross Tumor Volume (GTV-CT) was delineated by two independent observers while the PET remained obscured. The Planning Target Volume (PTV) was obtained by adding a 1.5 cm margin around the GTV. The same volumes were recontoured using PET/CT data and termed GTV-ABC and PTV-ABC, respectively. The values of GTV-CT and GTV-ABC and the absolute differences between the two observers were analyzed. Additionally, 23 of these patients had PET/CT performed 3 months after treatment. The anatomic biologic value (ABV) was calculated using the product of maximum diameter and mean SUV of the cervical tumor. The pre- and post-treatment ABVs were compared. A “halo” was observed around areas of maximal SUV uptake. The mean halo SUV was 1.91 ± 0.56 (SD). The mean halo thickness was 2.12 ± 0.5 (SD) mm. Inter-observer GTV variability decreased from a mean volume difference of 55.36 cm3 in CT-based planning to 12.29 cm3 in PET/CT-based planning with a respective decrease in standard deviation (SD) from 55.78 to 10.24 (p <0.001). Comparison of mean pre-treatment and post-treatment ABV’s revealed a decrease of ABV from 48.2 to 7.8 (p<0.001). PET/CT is a valuable tool in radiation therapy planning and evaluation of treatment response for cervical cancer. A clearly visualized “halo” was successfully implemented in GTV contouring in cervical cancer, resulting in decreased inter-observer variability in planning. PET/CT has the ability to quantify treatment response using anatomic biologic value.
PMCID: PMC3477735  PMID: 23133818
Cervical cancer; positron emission tomography; PET/CT; treatment planning; inter-observer variability

Results 1-2 (2)