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1.  18F-FDG PET/CT and pain in metastatic bone cancer 
This study aims to determine if the pain intensity of patients with oncologic bone metastases (BM) correlates with metabolic activity measured by 18F-FDG PET/CT. Twenty-eight patients, ages: 21-89 years (mean: 58.8) with BM were included in the study between September 2011 to September 2013. All patients completed a detailed questionnaire regarding pain symptoms on the visual analog scale (VAS), analgesic use, and areas of chronic pain, prior to obtaining an 18F-FDG PET/CT. Pain symptoms were queried for 11 body regions including limbs, head, torso, etc. and the corresponding SUVmax of BMs within that region were modeled with the corresponding clinical data using a linear mixed effects model and a linear regression model. Overall 64 areas in the 28 subjects were found to have BM. SUVmax was found to be a significant predictor of pain intensity as measured by the VAS, with a P-value of 0.045, with a modest effect-size on linear regression of R2 of 0.11.
PMCID: PMC4446397  PMID: 26069862
18F-FDG; bone metastasis; SUV pain
2.  18F-DOPA PET with and without MRI fusion, a receiver operator characteristics comparison 
This study is a retrospective analysis of the diagnostic accuracy of FDOPA PET with MRI fusion to FDOPA PET without MRI fusion. Clinical FDOPA PET scans obtained between 2000 and 2008 at the University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics were assessed using measures derived from regions of interest (ROI) generated with fused MRI (fused group) and again with ROIs derived solely from PET data (non-fused groups). The ROIs were used to calculate ratios (Striatum/Occipital cortex, Striatum/Cerebellum) pertinent to Parkinson’s disease (PD) pathology. The clinical records were assessed for demographic data, follow-up length, and diagnosis. Receiver Operator Characteristics with area under the curve (AUC) measures were calculated and compared using confidence intervals and hypothesis testing. 27 patients had FDOPA PET with median clinical follow-up of 4 years. Of these, 17 patients had FDOPA PET with a fusible MR image. Seven of the 27 had a non-PD movement disorder. AUCs for the ratio measures ranged from 0.97-1.0 (fused), 0.73-0.83 (non-fused), and 0.63-0.82 (matched non-fused). The fused images had improved accuracy compared to the matched non-fused and all non-fused groups for the striatum to occipital group (p=0.04, p=0.03), while the striatum to cerebellum ratio had improvement over the non-fused all group (p=0.041). MR fusion to FDOPA PET improves the accuracy of at least some measures (Striatum/Occiput, Striatum/Cerebellum) in the diagnosis of PD.
PMCID: PMC3484423  PMID: 23145363
18F-Fluorodopa; positron emission tomography; image fusion; receiver operator characteristics; Parkinson’s
3.  Surgical decision making in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy (TLE): a comparison of 18Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) Positron Emission Tomography (PET), MRI, and EEG 
Epilepsy & behavior : E&B  2011;22(2):293-297.
(1) Determine the effect of 18Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography (FDG-PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and electroencephalogram (EEG) on the decision for temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) surgery. (2) Determine if FDG-PET, MRI, or EEG predict surgical outcome.
All PET scans ordered (2000–2010) for epilepsy or seizure were tabulated. Medical records were investigated to determine eligibility and collect data. Statistical analysis included odds ratios, kappa statistics, univariate analysis, and logistic regression.
186 patients had an FDG-PET, 124 patients had TLE, 50 were surgical candidates, and 27 had operations with > 6 months follow-up. Median length of follow-up was 24 months. MRI, FDG-PET, and EEG were significant predictors of surgical candidacy (p<0.001) with odds ratio of 42.8, 20.4, and 6.3 respectively. PET was the only significant predictor of post-operative outcome. (p<0.01)
MRI had a trend toward most influence on surgical candidacy, but only FDG-PET predicted the surgical outcome.
PMCID: PMC3260654  PMID: 21798813
temporal lobe epilepsy; medication refractory epilepsy; epilepsy surgery; fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG); positron emission tomography (PET); magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); Electroencephalogram (EEG)
4.  Impact of expectation-maximization reconstruction iterations on the diagnosis of temporal lobe epilepsy with PET 
There is a well known tradeoff between image noise and image sharpness that is dependent on the number of iterations performed in ordered subset expectation maximization (OSEM) reconstruction of PET data. We aim to evaluate the impact of this tradeoff on the sensitivity and specificity of 18F-FDG PET for the diagnosis of temporal lobe epilepsy. A retrospective blinded reader study was performed on two OSEM reconstructions, using either 2 or 5 iterations, of 32 18F-FDG PET studies acquired at our institution for the diagnosis of temporal lobe epilepsy. The sensitivity and specificity of each reconstruction for identifying patients who were ultimately determined to be surgical candidates was assessed using an ROC analysis. The sensitivity of each reconstruction for identifying patients who showed clinical improvement following surgery was also assessed. Our results showed no significant difference between the two reconstructions studied for either the sensitivity and specificity of 18F-FDG PET for predicting surgical candidacy, or its sensitivity for predicting positive surgical outcomes. This implies that the number of iterations performed during OSEM reconstruction will have little impact on a reader based interpretation of 18F-FDG PET scans acquired for the diagnosis of temporal lobe epilepsy, and can be determined by physician and institutional preference.
PMCID: PMC3477742  PMID: 23133820
18F-FDG PET; temporal lobe epilepsy; OSEM reconstruction; ROC analysis

Results 1-4 (4)