(1) Determine the effect of 18Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography (FDG-PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and electroencephalogram (EEG) on the decision for temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) surgery. (2) Determine if FDG-PET, MRI, or EEG predict surgical outcome.
All PET scans ordered (2000–2010) for epilepsy or seizure were tabulated. Medical records were investigated to determine eligibility and collect data. Statistical analysis included odds ratios, kappa statistics, univariate analysis, and logistic regression.
186 patients had an FDG-PET, 124 patients had TLE, 50 were surgical candidates, and 27 had operations with > 6 months follow-up. Median length of follow-up was 24 months. MRI, FDG-PET, and EEG were significant predictors of surgical candidacy (p<0.001) with odds ratio of 42.8, 20.4, and 6.3 respectively. PET was the only significant predictor of post-operative outcome. (p<0.01)
MRI had a trend toward most influence on surgical candidacy, but only FDG-PET predicted the surgical outcome.