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1.  Prevalence and spectrum of microsatellite alterations in nonmuscle invasive bladder cancers 
We aimed to identify interesting deleted chromosomal regions for bladder cancer diagnosis and carcinogenesis, and to evaluate the association between loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and clinico-pathological parameters. Microsatellite analysis was performed on urine sediment and tumor tissue from 43 consecutive patients with superficial transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) and from 42 consecutive controls. Informative cases were scored as LOH or allelic loss (AL) according to the decrease of the allelic-imbalance ratio. The prevalence of LOH and AL was 39.5% and 86%, respectively. Chromosome 9 was the most frequently altered, especially at 9p (35%). The total number of microsatellite alterations per analysis was correlated with age, grade, stade and EAU classification. The locus 17p13.1 was strongly associated with high-stage (p=0.01) and high-grade tumors (p=0.02). Specificity and sensitivity of LOH was 100% and 39.3% for diagnosis of malignant urinary disease. Specificity and sensitivity of AL was 73.8% and 88%, respectively. Allelic losses are a frequent and early event in bladder cancer, especially at 9p. Thanks to its high specificity, LOH may serve as a complementary tool for non invasive diagnosis of bladder cancer. Further study is warranted to evaluate the prognostic value of LOH on recurrence, progression and muscle invasion.
PMCID: PMC3189821  PMID: 21994900
Bladder cancer; microsatellite; loss of heterozygosity; allelic loss
2.  Salvage radiotherapy for patients with PSA relapse after radical prostatectomy: a single institution experience 
BMC Cancer  2008;8:26.
Background
To assess the efficacy of salvage radiotherapy (RT) for persistent or rising PSA after radical prostatectomy and to determine prognostic factors identifying patients who may benefit from salvage RT.
Methods
Between 1990 and 2003, 59 patients underwent RT for PSA recurrence after radical prostatectomy. Patients received a median of 66 Gy to the prostate bed with 3D or 2D RT. The main end point was biochemical failure after salvage RT, defined as an increase of the serum PSA value >0.2 ng/ml confirmed by a second elevation.
Results
Median follow-up was 38 months. The 3-year and 5-year bDFS rates were 56.1% and 41.2% respectively. According to multivariate analysis, only preRT PSA ≥1 ng/ml was associated with biochemical relapse.
Conclusion
When delivered early, RT is an effective treatment after radical prostatectomy. Only preRT PSA ≥1 ng/ml predicted relapse.
doi:10.1186/1471-2407-8-26
PMCID: PMC2257956  PMID: 18230130
3.  Management of acute urinary retention: a worldwide survey of 6074 men with benign prostatic hyperplasia 
Bju International  2012;109(1):88-95.
OBJECTIVES
To evaluate the management of acute urinary retention (AUR) associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in real-life practice.To identify predictors of successful trial without catheter (TWOC).
MATERIALS AND METHODS
In all, 6074 men catheterized for painful AUR were enrolled in a prospective, cross-sectional survey conducted in public and private urology practices in France, Asia, Latin America, Algeria and the Middle East.Patient clinical characteristics, type of AUR and its management (type of catheterization, hospitalization, TWOC, use of α1-blockers, immediate or elective surgery) and adverse events observed during the catheterization period were recorded.Predictors of TWOC success were also analysed by multivariate regression analysis with stepwise procedure.
RESULTS
Of the 6074 men, 4289 (71%) had a spontaneous AUR and 1785 (29%) had a precipitated AUR, mainly as the result of loco-regional/general anaesthesia (28.5%) and excessive alcohol intake (18.2%).Presence of BPH was revealed by AUR in 44% of men. Hospitalization for AUR varied between countries, ranging from 1.7% in Algeria to 100% in France. A urethral catheter was inserted in most cases (89.8%) usually followed by a TWOC (78.0%) after a median of 5 days. Overall TWOC success rate was 61%.Most men (86%) received an α1-blocker (mainly alfuzosin) before catheter removal with consistently higher TWOC success rates, regardless of age and type of AUR. Multivariate regression analysis confirmed that α1-blocker before TWOC doubled the chances of success (odds ratio 1.92, 95% CI 1.52–2.42, P < 0.001).Age ≥70 years, prostate size ≥50 g, severe lower urinary tract symptoms, drained volume at catheterization ≥1000 mL and spontaneous AUR favoured TWOC failure. Catheterization >3 days did not influence TWOC success but was associated with increased morbidity and prolonged hospitalization for adverse events.In the case of TWOC failure, 49% of men were recatheterized and had BPH surgery and 43.5% tried another TWOC with a success rate of 29.5%. Elective surgery was preferred to immediate surgery.
CONCLUSIONS
TWOC has become a standard practice worldwide for men with BPH and AUR.In most cases, an α1-blocker is prescribed before TWOC and significantly increases the chance of success.Prolonged catheterization is associated with an increased morbidity.
doi:10.1111/j.1464-410X.2011.10430.x
PMCID: PMC3272343  PMID: 22117624
acute urinary retention; alfuzosin; α1-blocker; benign prostatic hyperplasia; trial without catheter

Results 1-3 (3)