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1.  The Role of cheA Genes in Swarming and Swimming Motility of Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707 
Microbes and Environments  2016;31(2):169-172.
A genome analysis of Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707, a PCBs degrader and metal-resistant soil microorganism, revealed the presence of two novel gene clusters named che2 and che3, which were predicted to be involved in chemotaxis-like pathways, in addition to a che1 gene cluster. We herein report that the histidine kinase coding genes, cheA2 and cheA3, have no role in swimming or chemotaxis in P. pseudoalcaligenes KF707, in contrast to cheA1. However, the cheA1 and cheA2 genes were both necessary for cell swarming, whereas the cheA3 gene product had a negative effect on the optimal swarming phenotype of KF707 cells.
doi:10.1264/jsme2.ME15164
PMCID: PMC4912153  PMID: 27151656
bacterial motility; chemotaxis genes; Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707; swarming; swimming
2.  Use of IGK gene rearrangement analysis for clonality assessment of lymphoid malignancies: a single center experience 
Diagnosis of B-non Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) is based on clinical, morphological and immunohistochemi-cal features. However, in up to 10-15% of cases, analysis of immunoglobulin heavy (IGH) or light (IGK/IGL) chains genes is required to discriminate between malignant and reactive lymphoid proliferations. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility and efficiency of IGK analysis in the routine diagnostic of B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (B-LD) when applied to formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues. Clonality patterns were studied in 59 B-LD using the BIOMED-2 protocol for IGK assays, after failure of the IGH assay. PCR products were evaluated by both heterodu-plex and GeneScan analysis. IGK analysis was technically successful in all cases. Overall, it supported the histopa-thological suspicion in 52/59 cases (88%), the sensitivity and specificity being 83% and 80%, respectively. Further, positive and negative predictive values were 95% and 50%, respectively. Interestingly, among various lymphoma subtypes, marginal zone lymphoma and follicular lymphoma most frequently required IGK analysis. In conclusion, IGK study according to the BIOMED-2 protocol resulted feasible and extremely useful in supporting challenging diagnosis of B-LD even if applied on FFPE samples. Accordingly, when NHL is suspected, negative results at IGH analysis should not be considered as conclusive and further investigation of IGK is appropriate.
PMCID: PMC3301430  PMID: 22432078
BIOMED-2; molecular diagnostic; IGK; non Hodgkin lymphoma; PCR

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