PMCC PMCC

Search tips
Search criteria

Advanced
Results 1-3 (3)
 

Clipboard (0)
None

Select a Filter Below

Journals
Authors
more »
Year of Publication
Document Types
1.  Outcome of patients with gastroschisis managed with and without multidisciplinary teams in Canada 
Paediatrics & Child Health  2014;19(3):128-132.
OBJECTIVE:
To describe the outcomes of gastroschisis (GS) patients managed with and without a multidisciplinary team during the postoperative period in Canada.
METHOD:
The Canadian Pediatric Surgery Network (CAPSNet) collects patient data from all Canadian tertiary perinatal centres. The outcomes of 396 GS patients born between 2005 and 2009 who were managed with and without a multidisciplinary team were analyzed.
RESULTS:
Significantly more parenteral nutrition (PN) days (P=0.003) and longer lengths of stay (P=0.018) were observed among patients in centres with multidisciplinary teams. Higher mortality rate and earlier death were observed in centres without multidisciplinary teams, especially for high-risk patients, although this was not statistically significant. With regard to low-risk patients, those in centres with multidisciplinary teams had significantly more PN days (P=0.019).
CONCLUSIONS:
GS patients managed by multidisciplinary teams had significantly more PN days and longer lengths of stay compared with patients who were not managed by multidisciplinary teams. This difference may be due to improved survival of high-risk patients in centres with multidisciplinary teams, and a uniform feeding approach for all patients.
PMCID: PMC3959971  PMID: 24665222
CAPSNet; Gastroschisis; NICU; Parenteral nutrition
3.  The Centre for Healthy Weights—Shapedown BC: A Family-Centered, Multidisciplinary Program that Reduces Weight Gain in Obese Children over the Short-Term 
The objective was to conduct a program evaluation of the Centre for Healthy Weights—Shapedown BC (CHW-SB), a family-centered, multidisciplinary program for obese children, by assessing the change in weight trajectories from program intake to completion. Secondary outcomes included changes in clinical, biochemical and psychological parameters, and in physical activity (PA) levels. The CHW-SB program was evaluated over 10 weeks. Data collection included anthropometric, metabolic, PA and psychological measures. Longitudinal mixed effects regression was performed to evaluate weight change from Phase 1 (before program on waitlist) to Phase 2 (during program). 238 children <18 years of age were referred to the program of which 119 were eligible for participation. There was a significant decrease in weight trajectory in children following program entry. Participants experienced an average .89% monthly increase before program entry, compared to a .37% monthly decline afterwards, a drop of 1.26% (p < 0.0001, 95%CI 1.08 to 1.44). zBMI (2.26 ± 0.33 to 2.20 ± 0.36, p < 0.001), waist circumference (99 ± 15.7 to 97 ± 16 cm, p < 0.0001) and fasting insulin (137 ± 94.8 to 121 ± 83.4 pmol/L, p < 0.001) also decreased in participants who attended the final visit. Significant improvements were seen in all measures of PA, self-concept, and anxiety. CHW-SB, a government-funded program, is the first obesity-treatment program to be evaluated in Canada. While short-term evaluation revealed significant improvements in adiposity, PA, and psychological measures, the lack of full follow-up is a limitation in interpreting the clinical effectiveness of this program, as drop-out may be associated with lack of success in meeting program goals. These data also emphasize the need for ongoing evaluation to assess the long-term implications of this unique program and ultimately optimize utilization of governmental resources.
doi:10.3390/ijerph8124662
PMCID: PMC3290977  PMID: 22408595
obesity; weight loss; BMI reduction; children; prevention; treatment; intervention

Results 1-3 (3)