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1.  The Effect of Alendronate on Proteome of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Lines 
Cancer is a life threatening disorder effecting 11 million people worldwide annually. Among various types of cancers, Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has a higher rate of mortality and is the fifth leading cause of cancer related deaths around the world. Many chemotherapeutic drugs have been used for the treatment of HCC with many side effects. These drugs are inhibitors of different cell regulatory pathways. Mevalonate (MVA) pathway is an important cellular cascade vital for cell growth. A variety of inhibitors of MVA pathway have been reported for their anticancerous activity. Bisphosphonates (BPs) are members of a family involved in the treatment of skeletal complications. In recent years, their anticancer potential has been highlighted. Current study focuses on exploring the effects of alendronate (ALN), a nitrogen containing BP, on hepatocellular carcinoma cell line using genomic and proteomics approach. Our results identified ten differentially expressed proteins, of which five were up regulated and five were down regulated in ALN treated cells. Furthermore, we also performed gene expression analysis in treated and control cell lines. The study may help in understanding the molecular mechanism involved in antitumor activity of ALN, identification of possible novel drug targets, and designing new therapeutic strategies for HCC.
doi:10.1155/2014/532953
PMCID: PMC3932719  PMID: 24653834
2.  Advanced glycation end products in diabetic and non-diabetic human subjects suffering from cataract 
Age  2010;33(3):377-384.
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) play a pivotal role in loss of lens transparency, i.e., cataract. AGEs formation occurs as a result of sequential glycation and oxidation reaction between reducing sugars and protein. AGEs production takes place throughout the normal aging process but its accumulation is found to be more rapid in diabetic patients. In this study, we quantified AGEs and N-(carboxyethyl) lysine (CEL) in human cataractous lenses from non-diabetic (n = 50) and diabetic patients (n = 50) using ELISA. We observed significantly higher (p < 0.001) levels of lens AGEs and CEL in diabetic patients with cataract as compared with their respective controls. The presence of AGEs and CEL was also determined by western blotting and immuno-histochemical analysis. Furthermore, isolated β-crystallin from cataractous lenses of non-diabetic and diabetic patients was incubated with different sugars to evaluate the extent of glycation in a time dependent manner. Our data indicated more pronounced glycation in patients suffering from diabetes as compared to non-diabetics subjects demonstrating the need to focus on developing normoglycemic approaches. Such studies may provide an insight in developing therapeutic strategies and may have clinical implications.
doi:10.1007/s11357-010-9177-1
PMCID: PMC3168597  PMID: 20842534
AGEs; Cataract; Diabetes; CEL; Non-enzymatic glycation
3.  Distribution of biological databases over lowbandwidth networks 
Bioinformation  2012;8(5):239-242.
Databases are integral part of bioinformatics and need to be accessed most frequently, thus downloading and updating them on a regular basis is very critical. The establishment of bioinformatics research facility is a challenge for developing countries as they suffer from inherent low-bandwidth and unreliable internet connections. Therefore, the identification of techniques supporting download and automatic synchronization of large biological database at low bandwidth is of utmost importance. In current study, two protocols (FTP and Bit Torrent) were evaluated and the utility of a BitTorren based peer-to-peer (btP2P) file distribution model for automatic synchronization and distribution of large dataset at our facility in Pakistan have been discussed.
doi:10.6026/97320630008239
PMCID: PMC3314880  PMID: 22493528

Results 1-3 (3)