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1.  The age of heterozygosity 
Age  2006;28(2):201-208.
Two mutant mouse models of longevity in which the loss of only one copy of the gene leads to a significantly increased lifespan have recently been described: Igf1r+/- and mclk1+/-. Igf1r encodes a transmembrane receptor kinase for the insulin-like growth factor-1, and mclk1 encodes a hydroxylase that is necessary for the biosynthesis of ubiquinone. Interestingly, the motivation for testing the longevity of both of these mutants came from observations in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. IGF-1R protein is homologous to DAF-2 and mCLK1 is the mouse orthologue of the C. elegans enzyme CLK-1. In worms, the homozygous inactivation of both of these longevity genes is viable and no dominant mutations are known. In addition to aging slowly, old mclk1+/- mice were found to undergo loss-of-heterozygosity at the mclk1 locus, which results in clones of mclk1-/- cells in the liver, presumably because mclk1-/- cells can outcompete mclk1+/- cells under certain conditions. We will discuss how these observations suggest novel directions of research, but also call for some caution in the interpretation of past and future results.
doi:10.1007/s11357-006-9006-8
PMCID: PMC2464728  PMID: 19943141
aging; evolutionary conservation; loss-of-heterozygosity; mclk1; mouse models of longevity; ubiquinone

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