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Advances in Bioinformatics (1)
Ghozlane, Amine (2)
Bornot, Aurelie (1)
Bringaud, Frédéric (1)
Dutour, Isabelle (1)
Joseph, Agnel Praveen (1)
Jourdan, Fabien (1)
Soueidan, Hayssam (1)
Thébault, Patricia (1)
de Brevern, Alexandre G (1)
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Flux Analysis of the Trypanosoma brucei Glycolysis Based on a Multiobjective-Criteria Bioinformatic Approach
Advances in Bioinformatics
Trypanosoma brucei is a protozoan parasite of major of interest in discovering new genes for drug targets. This parasite alternates its life cycle between the mammal host(s) (bloodstream form) and the insect vector (procyclic form), with two divergent glucose metabolism amenable to in vitro culture. While the metabolic network of the bloodstream forms has been well characterized, the flux distribution between the different branches of the glucose metabolic network in the procyclic form has not been addressed so far. We present a computational analysis (called Metaboflux) that exploits the metabolic topology of the procyclic form, and allows the incorporation of multipurpose experimental data to increase the biological relevance of the model. The alternatives resulting from the structural complexity of networks are formulated as an optimization problem solved by a metaheuristic where experimental data are modeled in a multiobjective function. Our results show that the current metabolic model is in agreement with experimental data and confirms the observed high metabolic flexibility of glucose metabolism. In addition, Metaboflux offers a rational explanation for the high flexibility in the ratio between final products from glucose metabolism, thsat is, flux redistribution through the malic enzyme steps.
Analysis of protein chameleon sequence characteristics
Joseph, Agnel Praveen
de Brevern, Alexandre G
Conversion of local structural state of a protein from an α-helix to a β-strand is usually associated with a major change in the tertiary structure. Similar changes were observed during the self assembly of amyloidogenic proteins to form fibrils, which are implicated in severe diseases conditions, e.g., Alzheimer disease. Studies have emphasized that certain protein sequence fragments known as chameleon sequences do not have a strong preference for either helical or the extended conformations. Surprisingly, the information on the local sequence neighborhood can be used to predict their secondary at a high accuracy level. Here we report a large scale-analysis of chameleon sequences to estimate their propensities to be associated with different local structural states such as α -helices, β-strands and coils. With the help of the propensity information derived from the amino acid composition, we underline their complexity, as more than one quarter of them prefers coil state over to the regular secondary structures. About half of them show preference for both α-helix and β-sheet conformations and either of these two states is favored by the rest.
chameleon sequence; structural characteristics; secondary structures
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