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author:("Kort, nance P")
1.  Popliteal lesion due to traction during unicompartmental knee revision surgery☆ 
Journal of Orthopaedics  2013;10(1):38-40.
Popliteal artery injury is a rare but known complication in knee surgery. Only one article in current literature reports that the risk increases during revision knee surgery. A new case is described in which an injury to the popliteal artery occurred during lateral unicompartmental to total knee arthroplasty revision surgery. This vascular injury occurred 5–10 cm below the tibial resection level in a healthy patient with a history of cruris fracture with plate osteosynthesis and lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. This paper stresses the importance of being aware that trauma and surgery can create fibrosis in which the popliteal artery can get fixated, thus reducing the scope for safe manipulation of the knee during secondary surgery.
doi:10.1016/j.jor.2013.01.010
PMCID: PMC3768241  PMID: 24403746
Popliteal lesion; Fibrosis; Knee surgery; Revision arthroplasty
2.  Preliminary experience with the patient-specific templating total knee arthroplasty 
Acta Orthopaedica  2012;83(4):387-393.
Background and purpose
Patient-specific templating total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a new method for alignment of a total knee arthroplasty that uses disposable guides. We present the results of the first 40 consecutive patients who were operated on using this technique.
Methods
In this case-control study, we compared blood loss, operation time, and alignment of 40 TKAs performed using a patient-specific templating alignment technique with values from a matched control group of patients who were operated on by conventional intramedullary alignment technique. Alignment of the mechanical axis of the leg and flexion/extension and varus/valgus of the individual prosthesis components were measured on standing, long-leg, and standard lateral digital radiographs. The fraction of outliers (> 3˚) was determined.
Results
Mean mechanical axis of templating TKAs was 181° with a fraction of outliers of 0.3, and mean mechanical axis of conventional TKAs was 179˚ (outlier fraction 0.5). Fraction of outliers in the frontal plane for femoral components was 0.05 in the templating TKAs and 0.4 in the conventional TKAs, and for tibial components the corresponding values were 0.2 and 0.2. In the templating TKAs and conventional TKAs, fraction of outliers in the sagittal plane was 0.4 and 0.9, respectively, for femoral components and 0.4 and 0.6 for tibial components. Mean operation time was 10 min shorter and blood loss was 60 mL less for templating TKA than for intramedullary-aligned TKAs.
Interpretation
Patient-specific templating TKA showed improved accuracy of alignment and a small reduction in blood loss and operating time compared to intramedullary-aligned TKA, but the fraction of outliers was relatively high. Larger RCTs are needed for further evaluation of the technique and to define the future role of patient-specific template alignment techniques for TKA.
doi:10.3109/17453674.2012.711700
PMCID: PMC3427630  PMID: 22880715
3.  Analysis of Oxford medial unicompartmental knee replacement using the minimally invasive technique in patients aged 60 and above: an independent prospective series 
We present the outcome of an independent prospective series of phase-3 Oxford medial mobile-bearing unicompartmental knee replacement surgery. Eight surgeons performed the 154 procedures in a community-based hospital between 1998 and 2003 for patients aged 60 and above. Seventeen knees were revised; in 14 cases a total knee replacement was performed, in 3 cases a component of the unicompartmental knee prosthesis was revised, resulting in a survival rate of 89% during these 2–7 years follow-up interval. This study shows that mobile-bearing unicompartmental knee replacement using a minimally invasive technique is a demanding procedure. The study emphasises the importance of routine in surgical management and strict adherence to indications and operation technique used to reduce outcome failure.
doi:10.1007/s00167-007-0397-6
PMCID: PMC2042026  PMID: 17684726
Knee; Unicompartmental; Replacement; Mobile bearing

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