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1.  High complication rate in the early experience of minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty by the direct anterior approach 
Acta Orthopaedica  2012;83(4):342-346.
Background and purpose
There is growing interest in minimally invasive surgery techniques in total hip arthroplasty (THA). In this study, we investigated the learning curve and the early complications of the direct anterior approach in hip replacement.
In the period January through December 2010, THA was performed in 46 patients for primary osteoarthritis, using the direct anterior approach. These cases were compared to a matched cohort of 46 patients who were operated on with a conventional posterolateral approach. All patients were followed for at least 1 year.
Operating time was almost twice as long and mean blood loss was almost twice as much in the group with anterior approach. No learning effect was observed in this group regarding operating time or blood loss. Radiographic evaluation showed adequate placement of the implants in both groups. The early complication rate was higher in the anterior approach group. Mean time of hospital stay and functional outcome (with Harris hip score and Oxford hip score) were similar in both groups at the 1-year follow-up.
The direct anterior approach is a difficult technique, but adequate hip placement was achieved radiographically. Early results showed no improvement in functional outcome compared to the posterolateral approach, but there was a higher early complication rate. We did not observe any learning effect after 46 patients.
PMCID: PMC3427623  PMID: 22880711
2.  Favorable Survival of Acetabular Reconstruction With Bone Impaction Grafting in Dysplastic Hips 
Acetabular bone loss hampers implantation of a total hip arthroplasty in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip. The bone impaction grafting technique in combination with a cemented total hip can restore the bone stock in these patients, but do these reconstructions yield satisfying long-term results? We used this technique in 28 hips (22 consecutive patients). The degree of dislocation was graded preoperatively as Crowe I in five hips, Crowe II in eight hips, Crowe III in nine hips, and Crowe IV in four hips. We present the long-term results of this bone impaction grafting technique a minimum of 10 years after surgery. Two patients died before the minimum followup of 10 years, leaving 20 patients (26 hips). Two cups were revised, one cup for a sciatic nerve palsy (at 2 years) and the other for aseptic loosening after 12 years. The cumulative survival of the cup with revision for any reason as the end point was 96% at 10 years and 84% at 15 years. There were no femoral revisions during followup. The bone impaction grafting technique in combination with a cemented cup is an effective technique for developmental dysplasia of the hip with favorable long-term results.
Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
PMCID: PMC2505129  PMID: 18196418

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