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Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science (1)
Journal of Applied Crystallography (1)
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Sun, Junliang (4)
Hovmöller, Sven (2)
Zou, Xiaodong (2)
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Lehmann, Christian W (1)
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Three-dimensional rotation electron diffraction: software RED for automated data collection and data processing
Journal of Applied Crystallography
Implementation of the RED software package for automated collection and processing of rotation electron diffraction data is described.
Implementation of a computer program package for automated collection and processing of rotation electron diffraction (RED) data is described. The software package contains two computer programs: RED data collection and RED data processing. The RED data collection program controls the transmission electron microscope and the camera. Electron beam tilts at a fine step (0.05–0.20°) are combined with goniometer tilts at a coarse step (2.0–3.0°) around a common tilt axis, which allows a fine relative tilt to be achieved between the electron beam and the crystal in a large tilt range. An electron diffraction (ED) frame is collected at each combination of beam tilt and goniometer tilt. The RED data processing program processes three-dimensional ED data generated by the RED data collection program or by other approaches. It includes shift correction of the ED frames, peak hunting for diffraction spots in individual ED frames and identification of these diffraction spots as reflections in three dimensions. Unit-cell parameters are determined from the positions of reflections in three-dimensional reciprocal space. All reflections are indexed, and finally a list with hkl indices and intensities is output. The data processing program also includes a visualizer to view and analyse three-dimensional reciprocal lattices reconstructed from the ED frames. Details of the implementation are described. Data collection and data processing with the software RED are demonstrated using a calcined zeolite sample, silicalite-1. The structure of the calcined silicalite-1, with 72 unique atoms, could be solved from the RED data by routine direct methods.
rotation electron diffraction; electron diffraction tomography; three-dimensional electron diffraction; structure analysis; electron diffraction; computer programs
Spontaneous chiral resolution directed by symmetry restriction and π-π interaction
In order to understand and rationally construct homochiral self-assembled structures from racemic molecules, two novel crystalline metal-organic frameworks with chiral cavities were developed. The homochirality of the layers in both MOFs was achieved by forming strong coordinate bonds between the C3-symmetric cyclotriveratrylene and Zn4O(CO2)6 cluster. By changing weak π-π interactions between organic building blocks, the achiral assembly of ZnCTV-1 was successfully transformed into a chiral assembly in ZnCTV-2. This study demonstrated a possible route for designing the synthesis of chiral MOF through weak interactions.
Direct Catalytic Asymmetric Synthesis of Pyrazolidine Derivatives
Lehmann, Christian W
1,4-selectivity; asymmetric catalysis; cascade reactions; hemiaminals; metal-free catalysis; pyrazolidines
A complicated quasicrystal approximant ∊16 predicted by the strong-reflections approach
Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science
The structure of the quasicrystal approximant ∊16 was predicted by the strong-reflections approach based on the known approximant ∊6.
The structure of a complicated quasicrystal approximant ∊16 was predicted from a known and related quasicrystal approximant ∊6 by the strong-reflections approach. Electron-diffraction studies show that in reciprocal space, the positions of the strongest reflections and their intensity distributions are similar for both approximants. By applying the strong-reflections approach, the structure factors of ∊16 were deduced from those of the known ∊6 structure. Owing to the different space groups of the two structures, a shift of the phase origin had to be applied in order to obtain the phases of ∊16. An electron-density map of ∊16 was calculated by inverse Fourier transformation of the structure factors of the 256 strongest reflections. Similar to that of ∊6, the predicted structure of ∊16 contains eight layers in each unit cell, stacked along the b axis. Along the b axis, ∊16 is built by banana-shaped tiles and pentagonal tiles; this structure is confirmed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The simulated precession electron-diffraction (PED) patterns from the structure model are in good agreement with the experimental ones. ∊16 with 153 unique atoms in the unit cell is the most complicated approximant structure ever solved or predicted.
quasicrystal approximant; strong-reflections approach; electron diffraction; inverse Fourier transformation
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