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Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science (1)
Journal of molecular biology (1)
Hovmöller, Sven (2)
Almqvist, Jonas (1)
Bernstein, Adam (1)
Goetz, Regina M. (1)
Grushko, Benjamin (1)
Huang, Yafei (1)
Laaksonen, Aatto (1)
Law, Christopher J. (1)
Li, Mingrun (1)
Oleynikov, Peter (1)
Soudant, Celine (1)
Sun, Junliang (1)
Wang, Da-Neng (1)
Zou, Xiaodong (1)
Year of Publication
A complicated quasicrystal approximant ∊16 predicted by the strong-reflections approach
Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science
The structure of the quasicrystal approximant ∊16 was predicted by the strong-reflections approach based on the known approximant ∊6.
The structure of a complicated quasicrystal approximant ∊16 was predicted from a known and related quasicrystal approximant ∊6 by the strong-reflections approach. Electron-diffraction studies show that in reciprocal space, the positions of the strongest reflections and their intensity distributions are similar for both approximants. By applying the strong-reflections approach, the structure factors of ∊16 were deduced from those of the known ∊6 structure. Owing to the different space groups of the two structures, a shift of the phase origin had to be applied in order to obtain the phases of ∊16. An electron-density map of ∊16 was calculated by inverse Fourier transformation of the structure factors of the 256 strongest reflections. Similar to that of ∊6, the predicted structure of ∊16 contains eight layers in each unit cell, stacked along the b axis. Along the b axis, ∊16 is built by banana-shaped tiles and pentagonal tiles; this structure is confirmed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The simulated precession electron-diffraction (PED) patterns from the structure model are in good agreement with the experimental ones. ∊16 with 153 unique atoms in the unit cell is the most complicated approximant structure ever solved or predicted.
quasicrystal approximant; strong-reflections approach; electron diffraction; inverse Fourier transformation
Salt bridge dynamics control substrate-induced conformational change in the membrane transporter GlpT
Law, Christopher J.
Goetz, Regina M.
Journal of molecular biology
Active transport of substrates across cytoplasmic membranes is of great physiological, medical and pharmaceutical importance. The glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) transporter (GlpT) of the E. coli inner membrane is a secondary active antiporter from the ubiquitous major facilitator superfamily that couples the import of G3P to the efflux of inorganic phosphate (Pi) down its concentration gradient. Integrating information from a novel combination of structural, molecular dynamics simulations and biochemical studies, we identify the residues involved directly in binding of substrate to the inward-facing conformation of GlpT, thus defining the structural basis for the substrate-specificity of this transporter. The substrate binding mechanism involves protonation of a histidine residue at the binding site. Furthermore, our data suggest that the formation and breaking of inter- and intradomain salt bridges control the conformational change of the transporter that accompanies substrate translocation across the membrane. The mechanism we propose may be a paradigm for organophosphate/phosphate antiporters.
antiporter; membrane transport; major facilitator superfamily; molecular dynamics simulations; secondary active transport
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