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1.  Mycosis Fungoides in Iranian Population: An Epidemiological and Clinicopathological Study 
Journal of Skin Cancer  2015;2015:306543.
Background. Mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common subtype of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Extensive studies on Iranian MF patients are absent. The present study aimed to produce updated clinical information on Iranian MF patients. Methods. This was a retrospective, descriptive, single-center study, including all cases of MF seen in the Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Isfahan, Iran, between 2003 and 2013. Data systematically recorded for each patient included clinical, biological, histological, and molecular findings. Results. Eighty-six patients with clinical and histologic diagnosis of MF were included in the study. Thirty-nine patients (45.3%) were male. Female predominance was observed in patients (male : female ratio is 1 : 1.2). Patients were between 7 and 84 years of age (median: 41). The interval from disease onset to diagnosis ranged from 0 to 55 years (median: 1 year). Eighteen cases (20.9%) had unusual variants of MF. The most common types included hypopigmented and poikilodermatous MF. Childhood cases of MF constituted 5.8% (5/86) of all patients. The early stages were seen in 82 cases (95.34%). Conclusion. The major differences in epidemiologic characteristics of MF in Iran are the lack of male predominance and the lower age of patients at the time of diagnosis.
PMCID: PMC4324921
2.  Pericardial Effusion in Celiac Disease 
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that affected 1% of all population in United State. Classic manifestations of disease consist of early childhood diarrhea, malabsorption, steatorrhea and growth retardation but disease can affects adult at any age. In adult anemia is a more frequent finding. This patient was a 40-year-old lady with progressive fatigue and lower extremities pitting edema. Iron deficiency anemia and celiac disease were diagnosed on the basis of low serum ferritin, elevated serum level of IgA endomysial and tissue transglutaminase anti-bodies and histologic findings in small bowel biopsies. Pericardial effusion in her evaluation was detected incidentally. Asymptomatic pericardial effusion in this patient was only detectable with imaging. After starting of gluten free diet and iron supplement fatigue, peripheral edema and pericardial effusion on echocardiography decreased. It should be noted that asymptomatic pericardial effusion may be seen in adults with celiac disease.
PMCID: PMC4018646  PMID: 24829721
Anemia; celiac disease; pericardial effusion
3.  Safety of herbal medicine in treatment of weight loss 
ARYA Atherosclerosis  2014;10(1):55-58.
Obesity is a common health problem in both developed and developing countries. There are many unconventional therapies, including herbal medicine, to treat this condition. Some people believe that herbal medicines are safe. This case and review is about adverse complication of treating obesity with some herbal medicine.
A 19 year old male with sever obesity (120 kg) used green tea (15 cups of green tea per day) and an intensive dietary regimen to lose weight. He lost 30 kg after 2 months. At that time, one day after usual exercise he suddenly lost consciousness due to left ventricular fibrillation.
Use of herbal medicine for weight reduction is not always safe. Moreover, for some herbal medicine the risk is sufficient to shift the risk-benefit balance against the use that medicine.
PMCID: PMC4063522  PMID: 24963315
Herbal Medicine; Sudden Death; Complication; Obesity
4.  Relation between usual daily walking time and metabolic syndrome 
There are several studies about the positive relation between physical inactivity or low cardio respiratory fitness with development of metabolic syndrome (MS). In contrast, physical activity had favourable effects on all components of MS but the quantity and the frequency of physical activity necessary to produce this beneficial effect has not been defined as yet. The aim of this survey was to study the association of regular physical activity, measured by patient's estimation of walking time per day, with MS.
Materials and Methods:
This cross-sectional study was conducted as a part of Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP). Persons who had no component of MS were considered as reference group. Demographic data were collected by questionnaire. Relation between walking time and MS was evaluated by using logistic regression adjusted by age, sex, socioeconomic status (SES), life style and food item.
The study populations consisted of 4151 persons. Lower physical activity was associated with higher prevalence of MS (P < 0.001). There was a negative relation between the usual daily walking time and MS. Adjusted odds ratio for age groups, sex, SES, life style and food items (fat and oil, sweet and sweet drink, rice and bread, fried food) revealed that MS decreases with increasing walking time (P < 0.05) [OR = 0.70 (0.52-0.94)].
Total daily walking time is negatively associated with MS and increasing daily walking time is an effective way for preventing MS.
PMCID: PMC4071659  PMID: 24970966
Dietary behaviour; physical activity; walking
5.  CD30+ Large Cell Transformation of Mycosis Fungoides During Pregnancy 
Mycosis fungoides (MF) a cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, is a subgroup of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, characterized by skin infiltration and occasionally systemic involvement. MF coincidence with pregnancy is rare. The effect of pregnancy on MF and the effect of this disease on pregnancy are still unknown. There are few case reports about pregnancy and its deleterious effect on the clinical course of MF. This case report is about a 30-years-old female with MF who became pregnant and after delivery developed CD30+ large cell transformation; this is the first report of large cell transformation of MF related to pregnancy.
PMCID: PMC3657247  PMID: 23716837
Mycosis fungoides; pregnancy; large cell transformation
6.  Vitiligo and Autoantibodies of Celiac Disease 
Vitiligo is an acquired, idiopathic disorder characterized by circumscribed depigmented macules and patches. The exact etiology and pathogenesis of vitiligo is not clear. Many theories have been presented regarding this subject among them aautoimmune theory is the most important one. The association of vitiligo with other autoimmune disorders has been reported, but the relationship between vitiligo and celiac disease is controversial. The aim of this study was to study the frequency of celiac autoantibodies in a group of vitiligo patients compared with control.
This was a cross sectional case control study that involved 128 individuals, 64 vitiligo patients and 64 individuals as control group. The means age of participants was 30.3 ± 14.4 years. IgA anti Endomysial antibody and IgA anti-glutaminase antibody were measured by ELISA method in the serum of all participants. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 15.
The serum of two vitiligo patients (3.1%) was positive for antibodies. All control groups were seronegative for these antibodies (P < 0.05). There was no significant effect of sex and job on seropositivity.
There may be a relationship between celiac disease and vitiligo. This may indicate a common basic autoimmune mechanism that is an explanation for few case reports that gluten free diets were effective in the treatment of vitiligo patients. Both T test and exact fisher test showed no effect of age, sex and job on seropositivity of these patients (P = 0.56 and P = 0.74, respectively)
PMCID: PMC3604853  PMID: 23543680
Autoantibodies; celiac disease; gluten free diet; vitiligo
7.  Hirsutism and body mass index in a representative sample of Iranian people 
ARYA Atherosclerosis  2012;8(1):43-54.
Hirsutism is the condition of excessive terminal hair growth in women with a typical male pattern distribution. Hirsutism is a common disorder that affects about 5% -10% of women of reproductive age. Adipose tissue contributes up to 50% of the circulating testosterone in premenopausal women Because of excessive androgen production in fat tissue. Therefore, it seems that hirsutism must be more common in people with simple obesity but controversy exist regarding this subject. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relation between Body Mass Index and hirsutism in a representative sample of Iranian woman.
This is a cross sectional case control clinical trial. The study involved 800 individuals; 400 hirsute females and 400 healthy women as control group. The mean age of the participants was 28 ± 6.2 years. Hirsutism was determined by the Ferriman-Gallwey scoring system. Height and weight were measured by a Seca scale, Body Mass Index was calculated as weight/height² (kg/m²), and collected data were analyzed by SPSS software version 18 using T-test and chi-square statistical test.
There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding age and height. However, Body Mass Index and weight were significantly higher in the case group than the control group. The chi square test revealed significant differences between the case and control groups regarding Body Mass Index (P < 0.001).
In the current study hirsutism was more common in patients with a higher Body Mass Index. The increased frequency of hirsutism in overweight women could be explained by increased insulin resistance and more androgen production by adipose tissue.
PMCID: PMC3448401  PMID: 23056100
Body Mass Index; Hirsutism; Obesity
8.  Association between sleep duration and metabolic syndrome in a population-based study: Isfahan Healthy Heart Program 
Recent epidemiologic studies have found that self-reported sleep duration is associated with components of metabolic syndrome (MS) such as obesity, diabetes and hypertension. This relation may be under influence of regional factors in different regions of the world. The association of sleep duration and MS in a sample of Iranian people in the central region of Iran was investigated in this study.
This cross-sectional study was conducted as a part of the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP). A total of 12492 individuals aged over 19 years, 6110 men and 6382 women entered the study. Definition of National Cholesterol Education Program was used to define MS. Sleep duration was reported by participants. Relation between sleep duration with MS was examined using categorical logistic regression in two models; unadjusted and adjusted for age and sex.
In our study, 23.5 % of participants had MS. Compared with sleep duration of 7-8 hours per night; sleep duration of less than 5 hours was associated with a higher odds ratio for MS. This association remained significant even after adjustment for age and sex (OR: 1.52; 95%CI: 1.33-1.74). However, sleep duration of 9 hours or more showed a protective association with MS (OR: 0.79; 95%CI: 0.68-0.94).
There was a positive relation between sleep deprivation and MS and its components. This relation was slightly affected by sex and age.
PMCID: PMC3214399  PMID: 22091310
Sleep; Metabolic Syndrome; Heart; Population

Results 1-8 (8)