Adolescent is a time of profound biologic, intellectual, psychological, and socioeconomic change that they will face a crisis. Therefore, compatibility may be exposed to many hazards, such as depression, anxiety, and other emotional problems. Nevertheless, a planned regular exercise enhances physical and mental health of adolescent female with diabetes. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of exercise on emotional reactions of female adolescents with type I diabetes.
Materials and Methods:
This study was a quasi-experimental research conducted in Endocrine and Metabolism Research Centre. A total of 72 patients were randomly allocated in the two groups. The intervention group did aerobic exercise for 45 minutes, while the control group did not aerobic exercise. Data were collected using a Symptom Checklist (SCL)-90 questionnaire. Data were analyzed and using descriptive and inferential statistics methods and SPSS software.
The results showed that the mean score for physical symptoms, depression, obsession-compulsion, interpersonal sensitivity, aggression, phobia, paranoid ideation, psychosis, and anxiety in the test group significantly decreased after intervention than before intervention. The average score in the control group did not differ. The average total score of emotional reactions in the test group after the intervention decreased before the intervention significantly (P = 0.001). However, in the control group, the mean scores did not differ (P = 0.97).
The findings showed that regular exercise is effective on affective responses of adolescent females with type I diabetes.