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author:("Aslam, imrad")
1.  Pleural abnormalities: thoracic ultrasound to the rescue! 
Diaphragmatic hernias that are diagnosed in adulthood may be traumatic or congenital in nature. Therefore, respiratory specialists need to be aware of the presentation of patients with these conditions. In this report, we describe a case series of patients with congenital and traumatic diaphragmatic hernias and highlight a varied range of their presentations. Abnormalities were noted in the thorax on the chest radiographs, but it was unclear as to the nature of the anomaly. The findings on thoracic ultrasound conducted by a pulmonologist helped to direct appropriate investigations avoiding unnecessary interventions. Instead of pleural effusions, consolidation or collapse, thoracic computed tomography demonstrated diaphragmatic hernias which were managed either conservatively or by surgery. There is increasing evidence that pulmonary specialists should be trained in thoracic ultrasonography to identify pleural pathology as well as safely conducting pleural-based interventions.
doi:10.1177/2040622313482997
PMCID: PMC3697842  PMID: 23819018
acquired diaphragmatic hernia; Bochdalek hernia; chest ultrasound; congenital diaphragmatic hernia; diaphragmatic hernias; Morgagni hernia
2.  Mature Gastric Teratoma: The Mixed Exogastric and Endogastric Variety  
Gastric teratomas are extremely rare tumors. A 15-day-old neonate presented with abdominal mass. Ultrasound of abdomen showed mixed echogenicity lesion. CT scan showed a mass with solid and cystic components and internal calcifications. At operation a tumor arising from the posterior wall of the stomach found. It was exogastric as well as endogastric in location. Biopsy report was suggestive of mature teratoma.
PMCID: PMC3418022  PMID: 22953284
Gastric teratoma;  Endogastric tumor;  Exogastric tumour

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