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author:("Ahmed, sofia")
1.  Causes of Stress and Coping Strategies Adopted by Undergraduate Health Professions Students in a University in the United Arab Emirates 
Objectives:
This study aimed to compare causes of stress and coping strategies adopted by a sample of undergraduate health-profession students at the Gulf Medical University, United Arab Emirates.
Methods:
An anonymous voluntary questionnaire-based survey was conducted, from January to July 2011, among first- and second-year medicine, dentistry, pharmacy and physiotherapy students (N = 212) to identify causes of stress. Coping strategies were studied using the Brief COPE Inventory.
Results:
Worries regarding the future (54.2%) and parental expectations (40.1%) were the major stressors. Poor diet (36.8%) and a lack of exercise (36.3%) were also reported to cause stress. Students used multiple strategies, mainly religion/praying (74.5%), planning (70.5%) and taking action (70.5%) to cope with stress. There were no significant differences observed in the stressors or coping strategies between genders or programmes. First-year students (62.5%) relied on emotional support significantly more (P <0.05) than second-year students (48.5%).
Conclusion:
The main causes of stress were worries regarding future and parental expectations. The majority of the students used positive coping strategies, with religion/praying found to be the most frequently used strategy.
PMCID: PMC3749029  PMID: 23984030
Stress, Psychological; Health Professions; Medical Education, undergraduate; Coping Behavior; United Arab Emirates
2.  Comparison of eutectic mixture of local anesthetics cream with dorsal penile nerve block using lignocaine for circumcision in infants 
Objective: Circumcision is a commonly performed surgical procedure but choice of anesthesia remained an issue of research and debate. This study was conducted to find out the effectiveness of the eutectic mixture of local anesthetic (EMLA) cream with dorsal penile nerve block (DPNB) using lignocaine, for reduction of pain during circumcision.
Methodology: This was comparative study carried out in Surgical Unit B of National Institute of Child Health Karachi, from May 2008 to October 2008. Patients under six month of age were randomized in to two groups (EMLA and DPNB) of fifty patients each. The effectiveness of pain control was assessed by measuring the baseline heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR) and Neonatal infant Pain Scale (NIPS scale) before the start of procedure and measuring of these parameters for each step of circumcision. Independent sample t -test was used to compare means and repeated ANOVA was used to compare means of HR, RR, oxygen (O2) saturations and NIPS.
Results: The mean age in both the groups was 2.3 months. There was no statistically significant difference in baseline parameters in both the groups except the respiratory rate, which was significantly raised in DPNB group (33 breaths/min in EMLA and 38 in DPNB P < 0.04). During circumcision there was significant increase in heart rate in DPNB group, especially in step three and step four (p < 0.04). Oxygen saturation dropped in both the groups (baseline saturation 98% up to 91% in step 4). While assessing NIPS scores in both the groups, statistically significant difference was found between NIPS at step two and step four in two groups (p < 0.04).
Conclusions: The overall pain control was equal in both the groups, although NIPS score was higher in DPNB in step two and four of circumcision. There was difference in application and cost. EMLA was easy to apply but has increased cost; while DPNB required expertise.
doi:10.12669/pjms.291.2944
PMCID: PMC3809213  PMID: 24353502
Circumcision; EMLA; Anesthesia- circumcision; Penile nerve block; Pain; Infant
3.  Psychological Health of First-Year Health Professional Students in a Medical University in the United Arab Emirates 
Objectives:
The aim of this study was to assess the psychological health of first-year health professional students and to study sources of student stress.
Methods:
All first-year students (N = 125) of the Gulf Medical University (GMU) in Ajman, United Arab Emirates (UAE), were invited to participate in a voluntary, anonymous, self-administered, questionnaire-based survey in January 2011. Psychological health was assessed using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire. A 24-item questionnaire, with items related to academic, psychosocial and health domains was used to identify sources of stress. Pearson’s chi-squared test and the Mann-Whitney U-test were used for testing the association between psychological morbidity and sources of stress.
Results:
A total of 112 students (89.6%) completed the survey and the overall prevalence of psychological morbidity was found to be 33.6%. The main academic-related sources of stress were ‘frequency of exams’, ‘academic workload’, and ‘time management’. Major psychosocial stressors were ‘worries regarding future’, ‘high parental expectations’, ‘anxiety’, and ‘dealing with members of the opposite sex’. Health-related issues were ‘irregular eating habits’, ‘lack of exercise’, and ‘sleep-related problems’. Psychological morbidity was not significantly associated with any of the demographic factors studied. However, total stress scores and academics-related domain scores were significantly associated with psychological morbidity.
Conclusion:
Psychological morbidity was seen in one in three first-year students attending GMU. While worries regarding the future and parental expectations were sources of stress for many students, psychological morbidity was found to be significantly associated with only the total stress and the academic-related domain scores.
PMCID: PMC3327568  PMID: 22548140
Psychological stress; Medical student; Health professions; Undergraduate medical education; United Arab Emirates
5.  Delayed Presentation of Trichobezoar with Small Bowel Obstruction 
Small bowel obstruction is a common surgical emergency but trichobezoar as an etiology, rarely reported. A seven year old school going female child presented with acute intestinal obstruction with a palpable and mobile mass in the abdomen. At exploration, a 10 cm long trichobezoar was found in the distal ileum which was removed through enterotomy. Postoperative course remained uneventful. Further probing revealed that child used to eat her own scalp hairs at the age of 2 years and the habit persisted for about 18 months which resulted in alopecia at that time. Later on she started showing normal behavior.
PMCID: PMC3418006  PMID: 22953273
Trichobezoar; Intestinal obstruction; Child
6.  Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of Colon 
Bleeding per rectum is a common complaint in pediatric age group and mostly relates to benign conditions. Underlying colorectal carcinoma is a rare cause and carries a poor prognosis. We report two cases of mucinous adenocarcinoma of colon, one in a 9 years old male and other in a female of 12 years. The boy presented with rectal bleeding and increasing constipation of more than three years duration. He had mucinous adenocarcinoma (T3N0MX) of rectosigmoid region and underwent local complete resection of the tumor with colostomy. He also received postoperative chemotherapy and later underwent colostomy reversal. He is tumor free at two years follow up. The girl presented with signs of intestinal obstruction and at colonoscopy a stricture found in descending colon. The tumor was resected and biopsy reported as poorly differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma with positive mesenteric nodes positive for tumor (T3N2MX). She is on chemotherapy.
PMCID: PMC3417995  PMID: 22953263
Colorectum;  Mucinous adenocarcinoma;  Bleeding per rectum;  Child
7.  A Giant Lymphatic Cyst of the Transverse Colon Mesentery 
Mesenteric cysts are not uncommon in pediatric age group but giant lymphatic cysts of mesentery are reported infrequently. This is a report of six years old female who had vague abdominal pain with distension for two years. Investigations revealed a large cystic mass in abdomen. On exploration a giant lymphatic cyst in the mesentery of transverse colon found. More than 1500 ml of milky fluid was drained. The cyst was unilocular and appeared to be the collection of lymph (chyle) between two leaves of the mesentery of transverse colon. It is postulated that trauma to or malformation of lymphatics at the root of mesentery might have lead to this pathology.
PMCID: PMC3417989  PMID: 22953250
Lymphatic cyst; Mesenteric cyst; Lymphatic malformation; Abdominal mass

Results 1-7 (7)