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author:("Sun, tanmei")
1.  CD147 modulates autophagy through the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway in human prostate cancer PC-3 cells 
Oncology Letters  2015;9(3):1439-1443.
The multifunctional glycoprotein cluster of differentiation (CD)147 is highly expressed on the cell surface of the majority of cancer cells, and promotes tumor invasion, metastasis and growth. However, the role of CD147 in autophagy has not yet been explored in prostrate cancer cells. In the present study, prostate cancer PC-3 cells were cultured under starvation conditions, and the expression level of CD147 gradually increased. Therefore, RNA interference was used to inhibit CD147 expression, in order to investigate the biological role of this glycoprotein in autophagy progression. Autophagic activity was monitored by the changes in green fluorescent protein-light chain 3 (GFP-LC3) location and the expression of the autophagy-associated protein LC3-II. It was found that downregulation of CD147 significantly promoted GFP-LC3 puncta formation and the expression of LC3-II. Furthermore, the levels of phosphorylated serine/threonine protein kinase B (p-Akt) and phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR) were significantly decreased, and the level of LC3-II was inversely associated with levels of p-Akt and p-mTOR in cells with downregulated expression of CD147. The results of a trypan blue exclusion assay revealed that starvation-induced cell death was increased in PC-3/shCD147 cells compared with control PC-3/Scramble cells (37.7±6.4 vs. 21.7±5.5%). Together, these results indicate that CD147 may be important in the inhibition of autophagy via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway, which prevents cell death from unrestrained autophagy.
PMCID: PMC4315002  PMID: 25663928
cluster of differentiation 147; autophagy; prostate cancer; PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway
2.  α-Naphthoflavone modulates inflammatory response in adipocytes-macrophages interaction through NFκB signaling 
Objective: Our previous study demonstrated that α-naphthoflavone (α-NF) inhibits mouse 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes differentiation via PPARγ, a key transcription factor in adipogenesis. Due to the critical role of inflammation in adipogenesis, we speculated that the suppression role of α-NF in adipogenesis might involve in modulation of cytokines secretion raised by adipocyte differentiation cocktail. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate the role of α-NF in modulating of inflammatory response during adipocytes differentiation and adipocyte-macrophage interaction. Methods: Conditioned medium from different doses of α-NF treated 10-day differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes were collected to culture RAW264.7 macrophages. Conditioned medium from activated macrophages and α-NF pre-treated macrophage were used to investigate the effects of α-NF in adipocytes differentiation. Cultured cells and medium were harvested for RT-PCR, Western blot and ELISA. Results: α-NF dose-dependently decreased TNF-α and IL-6 and increased IL-10 expression induced by IDM (Insulin, dexamethasone, isobutylmethylxanthine) in 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes. Conditioned medium from α-NF treated 3T3-L1 differentiated cells inhibited inflammatory response in mouse macrophage cell line RAW264.7 in contrast to IDM control medium. NFĸB activation elicited by IDM was suppressed by α-NF in a dose-response manner. Consequently, decreased TNF-α and increased IL-10 secretion, downstream targets of NFĸB signaling pathway, were observed with α-NF in macrophages. Finally, Conditioned medium from α-NF pre-treated, LPS-activated macrophages ameliorated the suppression of 3T3-L1 adipogenesis by LPS activated macrophages. Conclusion: Our results suggest that α-NF regulates inflammation response in both adipocytes and macrophages and adipocyte-macrophage interaction which contributes to pre-adipocyte differentiation.
PMCID: PMC4270567  PMID: 25550814
Adipocyte-macrohage interaction; α-NF; condition medium; inflammation
3.  Maternal and neonatal outcomes in dichorionic twin pregnancies following IVF treatment: a hospital-based comparative study 
Aim: To compare maternal, and neonatal outcomes in IVF/ICSI and spontaneously conceived dichorionic twin pregnancy. Method: We collected data regarding dichorionic twin pregnancies following in vitro fertilization/ intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI, n=162) with the transfer of fresh embryos as well as data regarding spontaneously conceived pregnancies (n=213) delivered after 28 weeks of gestation at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Renmin Hospital in Wuhan in the years of 2010-2013. We then compared maternal and neonatal outcomes between IVF/ICSI and spontaneous dichorionic twin pregnancies, with a subgroup analysis separating traditional IVF from ICSI pregnancies. Odds ratios (OR) for associations between IVF/ICSI and pregnancy outcomes were adjusted for maternal factors. Results: The mean maternal age and the percentage of primiparous women were significantly higher in the IVF/ICSI group. Multivariate analysis revealed that maternal outcomes were comparable in both groups with/without adjustment for maternal age and parity. However, IVF/ICSI twins were less likely to have birth weight discordance than those spontaneously conceived (unadjusted OR=0.526, 95% CI 0.297-0.932; adjusted OR=0.486, 95% CI 0.255-0.856). In subgroup analyses, these associations were confirmed in the IVF (adjusted OR=0.496, 95% CI 0.265-0.926), but not in the ICSI group (adjusted OR=0.500, 95% CI 0.139-1.807). Conclusion: IVF/ICSI treatment was not a risk factor for adverse maternal neonatal outcomes, but the risk for birth weight discordance is lower among IVF/ICSI twins.
PMCID: PMC3796243  PMID: 24133599
In vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection; dichorionic twin pregnancy; maternal outcome; neonatal outcome
4.  Clinical analysis of 16 patients with acute pancreatitis in the third trimester of pregnancy 
Aim: Acute pancreatitis (AP), in particular, severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), is a rare but challenging complication during pregnancy in terms of diagnosis and management. The objective of this paper is to investigate the causes and therapeutic strategies of AP in patients during the third trimester of pregnancy. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of the clinical features, laboratory data, and outcomes in 16 patients with acute pancreatitis during the third trimester of pregnancy. Results: Information was collected on admission, management, and outcome. A total 16 patients were diagnosed with acute pancreatitis during pregnancy. In 7 of 9 patients with mild AP, pregnancy was terminated by cesarean section and all 9 cases were cured. In 4 out of 7 patients with SAP, pregnancy was terminated by cesarean section in conjunction with peritoneal irrigation and drainage, and the mothers and infants survived. In the remaining 3 patients with SAP, there was one case of intrauterine death in which Induced labor was performed and 2 patients died of multiple organ failure. Conclusion: A high-fat diet and cholelithiasis are the triggers of AP in pregnancy. Conservative treatment is the preferred therapeutic method; in particular, for mild AP. Endoscopic surgery and peritoneal drainage are effective for acute biliary pancreatitis. Patients with hyperlipidemic pancreatitis should undergo lipid-lowering therapy, and hemofiltration should be done as soon as it becomes necessary. For patients with SAP, termination of pregnancy should be carried out as early as possible.
PMCID: PMC3726990  PMID: 23923092
Acute pancreatitis; pregnancy; hyper triglyceride; treatment
5.  Pigment Epithelium Derived Factor Inhibits the Growth of Human Endometrial Implants in Nude Mice and of Ovarian Endometriotic Stromal Cells In Vitro 
PLoS ONE  2012;7(9):e45223.
Angiogenesis is a prerequisite for the formation and development of endometriosis. Pigment epithelium derived factor (PEDF) is a natural inhibitor of angiogenesis. We previously demonstrated a reduction of PEDF in the peritoneal fluid, serum and endometriotic lesions from women with endometriosis compared with women without endometriosis. Here, we aim to investigate the inhibitory effect of PEDF on human endometriotic cells in vivo and in vitro. We found that PEDF markedly inhibited the growth of human endometrial implants in nude mice and of ovarian endometriotic stromal cells in vitro by up-regulating PEDF expression and down-regulating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. Moreover, apoptotic index was significantly increased in endometriotic lesions in vivo and endometriotic stromal cells in vitro when treated with PEDF. In mice treated with PEDF, decreased microvessel density labeled by Von Willebrand factor but not by α-Smooth Muscle Actin was observed in endometriotic lesions. And it showed no increase in PEDF expression of the ovary and uterus tissues. These findings suggest that PEDF gene therapy may be a new treatment for endometriosis.
PMCID: PMC3445506  PMID: 23028859
6.  Microbial community analysis in biocathode microbial fuel cells packed with different materials 
AMB Express  2012;2:21.
Biocathode MFCs using microorganisms as catalysts have important advantages in lowering cost and improving sustainability. Electrode materials and microbial synergy determines biocathode MFCs performance. In this study, four materials, granular activated carbon (GAC), granular semicoke (GS), granular graphite (GG) and carbon felt cube (CFC) were used as packed cathodic materials. The microbial composition on each material and its correlation with the electricity generation performance of MFCs were investigated. Results showed that different biocathode materials had an important effect on the type of microbial species in biocathode MFCs. The microbes belonging to Bacteroidetes and Proteobacteria were the dominant phyla in the four materials packed biocathode MFCs. Comamonas of Betaproteobacteria might play significant roles in electron transfer process of GAC, GS and CFC packed biocathode MFCs, while in GG packed MFC Acidovorax may be correlated with power generation. The biocathode materials also had influence on the microbial diversity and evenness, but the differences in them were not positively related to the power production.
PMCID: PMC3349616  PMID: 22458430
Biocathode microbial fuel cell; Cathodic materials; Electricity generation; Microbial community

Results 1-6 (6)