PMCC PMCC

Search tips
Search criteria

Advanced
Results 1-3 (3)
 

Clipboard (0)
None

Select a Filter Below

Journals
Authors
more »
Year of Publication
Document Types
1.  Isolation, sequencing, and heterologous expression of the Paecilomyces variotii gene encoding S-hydroxymethylglutathione dehydrogenase (fldA) 
The filamentous fungus Paecilomyces variotii NBRC 109023 (teleomorph: Byssochlamys spectabilis NBRC 109023) degrades formaldehyde at concentrations as high as 2.4 % (w/v). In many prokaryotes and in all known eukaryotes, formaldehyde degradation is catalyzed by S-hydroxymethylglutathione (S-HMGSH) dehydrogenase. We report here the isolation and characterization of the gene encoding S-HMGSH dehydrogenase activity in P. variotii. The 1.6-kb fldA gene contained 5 introns and 6 exons, and the corresponding cDNA was 1143 bp, encoding a 40-kDa protein composed of 380 amino acids. FldA was predicted to have 74.3, 73.7, 68.5, and 67.4 % amino acid identity to the S-HMGSH dehydrogenases of Hansenula polymorpha, Candida boidinii, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and Kluyveromyces lactis, respectively. The predicted protein also showed high amino acid similarity (84∼86 %) to the products of putative fldA genes from other filamentous fungi, including Aspergillus sp. and Penicillium sp. Notably, the P. variotii fldA gene was able to functionally complement a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain (BY4741 ∆sfa1) lacking the gene for S-HMGSH dehydrogenase. The heterologous expression construct rendered BY4741 ∆sfa1 tolerant to exogenous formaldehyde. Although BY4741 (parental wild-type strain) was unable to degrade even low concentrations of formaldehyde, BY4741 ∆sfa1 harboring Paecilomyces fldA was able to degrade 4 mM formaldehyde within 30 h. The findings from this study confirm the essential role of S-HMGSH dehydrogenase in detoxifying formaldehyde.
Electronic supplementary material
The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s00253-014-6203-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
doi:10.1007/s00253-014-6203-8
PMCID: PMC4322224  PMID: 25398285
Paecilomyces variotii; Formaldehyde degradation; S-hydroxymethylglutathione dehydrogenase; fldA; Heterologous expression
2.  Purification and properties of S-hydroxymethylglutathione dehydrogenase of Paecilomyces variotii no. 5, a formaldehyde-degrading fungus 
AMB Express  2012;2:32.
S-hydroxymethylglutathione dehydrogenase from Paecilomyces variotii No. 5 strain (NBRC 109023), isolated as a formaldehyde-degrading fungus, was purified by a procedure that included ammonium sulfate precipitation, DEAE-Sepharose and hydroxyapatite chromatography and isoelectrofocusing. Approximately 122-fold purification was achieved with a yield of 10.5%. The enzyme preparation was homogeneous as judged by sodium dodecyl polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The molecular mass of the purified enzyme was estimated to be 49 kDa by SDS-PAGE and gel filtration, suggesting that it is a monomer. Enzyme activity was optimal at pH 8.0 and was stable in the range of pH 7.0–10. The optimum temperature for activity was 40°C and the enzyme was stable up to 40°C. The isoelectric point was pH 5.8. Substrate specificity was very high for formaldehyde. Besides formaldehyde, the only aldehyde or alcohol tested that served as a substrate was pyruvaldehyde. Enzyme activity was enhanced by several divalent cations such as Mn2+ (179%), Ba2+ (132%), and Ca2+ (112%) but was completely inhibited by Ni2+, Fe3+, Hg2+, p-chloromercuribenzoate (PCMB) and cuprizone. Inactivation of the enzyme by sulfhydryl reagents (Hg2+ and PCMB) indicated that the sulfhydryl group of the enzyme is essential for catalytic activity.
doi:10.1186/2191-0855-2-32
PMCID: PMC3439253  PMID: 22731626
S-hydroxymethylglutathione dehydrogenase; Enzyme purification; Formaldehyde metabolism; Paecilomyces variotii; SH enzyme
3.  Establishment of a Pure Culture of the Hitherto Uncultured Unicellular Cyanobacterium Aphanothece sacrum, and Phylogenetic Position of the Organism 
Aphanothece sacrum, an edible freshwater unicellular cyanobacterium, was isolated by using novel synthetic media (designated AST and AST-5xNP). The media were designed on the basis of the ratio of inorganic elements contained in A. sacrum cells cultured in a natural pond. The isolated strain exhibits unicellular rod-shaped cells ∼6 μm in length that are scattered in an exopolysaccharide matrix, a feature similar to that of natural A. sacrum. DNA analysis of the isolated strain revealed that it carried two ferredoxin genes whose deduced amino acid sequences were almost identical to previously published sequences of ferredoxins from natural A. sacrum. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene and ferredoxin genes revealed that A. sacrum occupies a phylogenetically unique position among the cyanobacteria.
doi:10.1128/AEM.70.6.3338-3345.2004
PMCID: PMC427778  PMID: 15184129

Results 1-3 (3)