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1.  A case of undifferentiated carcinoma of the pancreas mimicking main-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) 
Abdominal Imaging  2014;40(3):466-470.
We report here a rare case of undifferentiated carcinoma of the pancreas mimicking main-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm. In an 80-year-old woman, an approximately 8-mm papillary mass was incidentally detected at the downstream edge of a dilatated main pancreatic duct lumen on CT and MRI. Main pancreatic duct dilatation in the pancreatic body and tail and parenchymal atrophy were observed in the upstream of the mass. Histopathologically, the tumor protruded into the downstream edge of the dilatated main pancreatic duct lumen in the pancreatic body. The tumor cells had highly atypical nuclei and abundant polymorphic structures, and showed positive staining for granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, which led to the diagnosis of undifferentiated carcinoma. A total of 13 cases of undifferentiated carcinoma with intraductal tumor growth have been reported to date. The case report by Bergmann et al. has been the smallest in histopathological specimen, and the present case is the smallest in size detected by radiological images. Since early undifferentiated carcinoma of the pancreas can resemble those of main-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm in cross-sectional images, we have to consider undifferentiated carcinoma in the differential diagnosis of the solitary and papillary mass with low contrast enhancement in early phase in the main pancreatic duct.
PMCID: PMC4325188  PMID: 25526684
Undifferentiated carcinoma of the pancreas; Main-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm; Intraductal tumor growth; Main pancreatic duct dilatation
2.  Fixation of CO2 in Clostridium cellulovorans analyzed by 13C-isotopomer-based target metabolomics 
AMB Express  2013;3:61.
Clostridium cellulovorans has been one of promising microorganisms to use biomass efficiently; however the basic metabolic pathways have not been completely known. We carried out 13C-isotopomer-based target metabolome analysis, or carbohydrate conversion process analysis, for more profound understanding of metabolic pathways of the bacterium. Our findings that pyruvate + oxaloacetate, fumarate, and malate inside and outside cells exhibited 13C incorporation suggest that C. cellulovorans exactly fixed CO2 and partly operated the TCA cycle in a reductive manner. Accompanied with CO2 fixation, the microorganism was also found to produce and secrete lactate. Overall, our study demonstrates that a part of C. cellulovorans metabolic pathways related to glycolysis and the TCA cycle are involved in CO2 fixation.
PMCID: PMC4124662  PMID: 24103325
CO2 fixation; Clostridium cellulovorans; Target metabolomics
Nagoya Journal of Medical Science  2013;75(1-2):147-152.
A 67-year-old man fell from the second floor of his home and was impaled on an iron pipe used for a garden stake. The pipe was 2 cm in diameter and had entered his left buttock to his anus. A plain abdominal X-ray film showed that the tip of the pipe was located in front of the 4th lumbar vertebra, so the penetration distance was 30 cm. An emergency operation was performed for hemorrhagic shock. Laparotomy revealed massive intra-abdominal bleeding, injuries of the sigmoid and transverse mesocolon, superior rectal artery, and the first part of the duodenum. Because of suspected lower rectal injury, division of the upper rectum, closure of the rectal stump, and sigmoidostomy were performed. Gauze packing into the pelvic cavity was performed for uncontrollable bleeding. All the gauze was postoperatively removed from the drain wound without laparotomy. Six months after the operation, he underwent a second operation including anastomosis of the descending colon and lower rectum, which allowed him to live a normal daily life.
PMCID: PMC4345709  PMID: 23544279
Impalement injury; Falling accident; Massive bleeding
4.  Profile of native cellulosomal proteins of Clostridium cellulovorans adapted to various carbon sources 
AMB Express  2012;2:37.
We performed a focused proteome analysis of cellulosomal proteins predicted by a genome analysis of Clostridium cellulovorans [Tamaru, Y., et al.. 2010. J. Bacteriol. 192:901–902]. Our system employed a long monolithic column (300 cm), which provides better performance and higher resolution than conventional systems. Twenty-three cellulosomal proteins were, without purification, identified by direct analysis of the culture medium. Proteome analysis of the C. cellulovorans cellulosome after culture in various carbon sources demonstrated the production of carbon source-adapted cellulosome components.
PMCID: PMC3444338  PMID: 22839966
Clostridium cellulovorans; Cellulosome; Focused proteome analysis; Monolithic column
5.  Putative Role of Cellulosomal Protease Inhibitors in Clostridium cellulovorans Based on Gene Expression and Measurement of Activities▿ 
Journal of Bacteriology  2011;193(19):5527-5530.
This study is the first to demonstrate the activity of putative cellulosomal protease/peptidase inhibitors (named cyspins) of Clostridium cellulovorans, using the Saccharomyces cerevisiae display system. Cyspins exhibited inhibitory activities against several representative plant proteases. This suggests that these inhibitors protect their microbe and cellulosome from external attack by plant proteases.
PMCID: PMC3187468  PMID: 21784939
6.  Comparison of the mesophilic cellulosome‐producing Clostridium cellulovorans genome with other cellulosome‐related clostridial genomes 
Microbial biotechnology  2010;4(1):64-73.
Clostridium cellulovorans, an anaerobic and mesophilic bacterium, degrades native substrates in soft biomass such as corn fibre and rice straw efficiently by producing an extracellular enzyme complex called the cellulosome. Recently, we have reported the whole‐genome sequence of C. cellulovorans comprising 4220 predicted genes in 5.10 Mbp [Y. Tamaru et al., (2010) J. Bacteriol., 192: 901–902]. As a result, the genome size of C. cellulovorans was about 1 Mbp larger than that of other cellulosome‐producing clostridia, mesophilic C. cellulolyticum and thermophilic C. thermocellum. A total of 57 cellulosomal genes were found in the C. cellulovorans genome, and they coded for not only carbohydrate‐degrading enzymes but also a lipase, peptidases and proteinase inhibitors. Interestingly, two novel genes encoding scaffolding proteins were found in the genome. According to KEGG metabolic pathways and their comparison with 11 Clostridial genomes, gene expansion in the C. cellulovorans genome indicated mainly non‐cellulosomal genes encoding hemicellulases and pectin‐degrading enzymes. Thus, by examining genome sequences from multiple Clostridium species, comparative genomics offers new insight into genome evolution and the way natural selection moulds functional DNA sequence evolution. Our analysis, coupled with the genome sequence data, provides a roadmap for constructing enhanced cellulosome‐producing Clostridium strains for industrial applications such as biofuel production.
PMCID: PMC3815796  PMID: 21255373
7.  Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of isomaltase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae  
The crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of isomaltase is reported.
Isomaltase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an oligo-1,6-glucosidase that preferentially hydrolyzes isomaltose, with little activity towards isomaltotriose or longer oligosaccharides. An amino-acid sequence analysis of the isomaltase revealed that it belongs to glucoside hydrolase family 13. Recombinant isomaltase was purified and crystallized by the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method with PEG 3350 as the precipitant. The crystals belonged to space group C2, with unit-cell parameters a = 95.67, b = 115.42, c = 61.77 Å, β = 91.17°. X-ray diffraction data were collected to 1.35 Å resolution from a single crystal on a synchrotron-radiation source.
PMCID: PMC2581680  PMID: 18997332
isomaltase; oligo-1,6-glucosidases
8.  Genome Sequence of the Cellulosome-Producing Mesophilic Organism Clostridium cellulovorans 743B▿  
Journal of Bacteriology  2009;192(3):901-902.
Clostridium cellulovorans 743B was isolated from a wood chip pile and is an anaerobic and mesophilic spore-forming bacterium. This organism degrades native substrates in soft biomass such as corn fiber and rice straw efficiently by producing an extracellular enzyme complex called the cellulosome. Here we report the genome sequence of C. cellulovorans 743B.
PMCID: PMC2812471  PMID: 19948806

Results 1-8 (8)