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1.  A Rare Cause of Chronic Cough: Intrathoracic Gossypiboma 
Iranian Journal of Radiology  2014;11(2):e13933.
Intrathoracic gossypiboma, a retained surgical sponge in the thoracic cavity, is a rare but serious complication of thoracic surgeries. A 70-year-old man presented with an eight-month history of cough. He had undergone coronary artery bypass surgery eight years ago. The posteroanterior chest X-ray revealed a well-marginated homogeneous opacity at the left hemithorax with striped appearance in the center. Thoracic CT revealed a pleural-based mass at the left lower lobe with a hyperdense rim. After the diagnosis of gossypiboma, it was removed surgically. Although rare after thoracic surgery, gossypibomas need to be considered in the differential diagnosis in case of respiratory symptoms.
doi:10.5812/iranjradiol.13933
PMCID: PMC4090640  PMID: 25035699
Thoracic Surgery; Cough; Chronic
2.  A case of uncontrolled asthma 
Allergy & Rhinology  2011;2(2):e58-e62.
A 48-year-old female patient with uncontrolled severe asthma was referred to our hospital for anti-IgE therapy. She was suffering with persistent wheezing and dyspnea after a severe asthma attack that had taken place 5 months previously. Her asthma had not been controlled with adequate asthma treatment, including budesonide at 320 μg + formoterol at 9 μg b.i.d. combination, montelukast at 10 mg/day, and oral steroids (30–40 mg/day of prednisolone), during this period. She was hospitalized for evaluation for anti-IgE therapy. Chest radiography revealed a left-sided hilar opacity. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy was performed and showed an endobronchial lesion obstructing the left lower bronchus lumen. Computed tomography also revealed a nodular lesion at the same location. The patient underwent left lower lobectomy and mediastinal lymph node dissection. Pathological examination concluded the diagnosis of typical carcinoid tumor. After surgery, her symptoms disappeared and she has had no recurrence. In conclusion, a diagnosis of severe asthma requires confirmation of asthma. Uncontrolled symptoms that linger despite aggressive therapy warrant evaluation to rule out other etiologies, such as a carcinoid tumor, before selecting new treatment options.
doi:10.2500/ar.2011.2.0017
PMCID: PMC3390118  PMID: 22852119
Asthma; carcinoid tumor; intrabronchial tumor; pulmonary carcinoids; severe allergic asthma; typical carcinoid tumor; uncontrolled asthma

Results 1-2 (2)