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1.  The role of prophylactic antibiotics on surgical site infection in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy 
Although laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a common and widely accepted technique, the use of prophylactic antibiotics in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy still remains controversial. The aim of this study is to determine whether prophylactic antibiotics could prevent surgical site infection after elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy and to identify any risk factors for surgical site infection.
This study included 471 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy between January 2009 and May 2012. Period 1 patients (279) received second generation cephalosporin 1 g intravenously after induction of anesthesia, and Period 2 patients (192) were not given prophylactic antibiotics. The characteristics and surgical site infections of the patients were compared and analyzed.
The overall rate of surgical site infection was 1.69% for the total of 471 patients. The incidence of surgical site infection was similar for the two Periods: 5 of 279 patients (1.79%) in Period 1, 3 of 192 patients (1.56%) in Period 2 (p=0.973). All of the patients with surgical site infections were well treated under conservative treatments without any sequelae. The preoperative albumin level (p=0.023) contributed to surgical site infection.
Prophylactic antibiotics are not necessary for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy but patients in poor nutritional state with low albumin level should consider prophylactic antibiotics.
PMCID: PMC4683922  PMID: 26693239
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy; Antibiotic prophylaxis; Surgical wound infection; Nutrition assessment
2.  Duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection in benign and low-grade malignant pancreatic tumors 
With development of imaging techniques, pancreatic tumors are being diagnosed more frequently. Applying the standard surgical procedures for pancreatic head tumors, such as pancreaticoduodenectomy and pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy may seem too extensive for benign or low-grade malignant pancreas head tumors. Duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection (DPPHR) has been safely performed in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Recently, DPPHR has been used as a limited surgical procedure to remove benign or low-grade malignant pancreatic head lesions. This study is aimed to evaluate the results of DPPHR in benign or low-grade malignant tumors.
Between 2004 and 2012, six patients underwent DPPHR due to benign or low-grade malignant pancreas tumor. We performed this retrospective analysis based on the medical records.
Five of six patients were diagnosed as intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms. Remaining one patient was diagnosed as solid pseudopapillary neoplasm. The median age of patients was 60.3 (27-75) years, and the median follow-up period was 24 months. The operation time, blood loss and length of stay were 442.5 minutes, 680 ml and 19.2 days, respectively. There was no mortality. Five patients experienced complications including 1 delayed gastric empting, 2 bile duct strictures, 1 pancreatic fistula and 1 duodenal stricture. No recurrence or metastasis was found during follow-up.
In benign and low-grade malignant lesions of pancreatic head, DPPHR could be alternative to traditional surgery. For applying DPPHR in pancreas tumor, a thorough preoperative examination and utilization of frozen section for sufficient resection margin are required.
PMCID: PMC4304526  PMID: 26155226
Pancreatectomy; Duodenum; Organ preservation; Duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection
3.  Is close monitoring in the intensive care unit necessary after elective liver resection? 
Many surgical patients are admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), resulting in an increased demand, and possible waste, of resources. Patients who undergo liver resection are also transferred postoperatively to the ICU. However, this may not be necessary in all cases. This study was designed to assess the necessity of ICU admission.
The medical records of 313 patients who underwent liver resections, as performed by a single surgeon from March 2000 to December 2010 were retrospectively reviewed.
Among 313 patients, 168 patients (53.7%) were treated in the ICU. 148 patients (88.1%) received only observation during the ICU care. The ICU re-admission and intensive medical treatment significantly correlated with major liver resection (odds ratio [OR], 6.481; P = 0.011), and intraoperative transfusions (OR, 7.108; P = 0.016). Patients who underwent major liver resection and intraoperative transfusion were significantly associated with need for mechanical ventilator care, longer postoperative stays in the ICU and the hospital, and hospital mortality.
Most patients admitted to the ICU after major liver resection just received close monitoring. Even though patients underwent major liver resection, patients without receipt of intraoperative transfusion could be sent to the general ward. Duration of ICU/hospital stay, ventilator care and mortality significantly correlated with major liver resection and intraoperative transfusion. Major liver resection and receipt of intraoperative transfusions should be considered indicators for ICU admission.
PMCID: PMC3433552  PMID: 22977762
Hepatectomy; Major resection; Intensive care units; Intraoperative transfusion

Results 1-3 (3)