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1.  Minimally invasive radical pancreatectomy for left-sided pancreatic cancer: Current status and future perspectives 
Minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy has been regarded as a safe and effective treatment for benign and borderline malignant pancreatic lesions. However, its application for left-sided pancreatic cancer is still being debated. The clinical evidence for radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy (RAMPS)-based minimally invasive approaches for left-sided pancreatic cancer was reviewed. Potential indications and surgical concepts for minimally invasive RAMPS were suggested. Despite the limited clinical evidence for minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy in left-sided pancreatic cancer, the currently available clinical evidence supports the use of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy under oncologic principles in well-selected left sided pancreatic cancers. A pancreas-confined tumor with an intact fascia layer between the pancreas and left adrenal gland/kidney positioned more than 1 or 2 cm away from the celiac axis is thought to constitute a good condition for the use of margin-negative minimally invasive RAMPS. The use of minimally invasive (laparoscopic or robotic) anterior RAMPS is feasible and safe for margin-negative resection in well-selected left-sided pancreatic cancer. The oncologic feasibility of the procedure remains to be determined; however, the currently available interim results indicate that even oncologic outcomes will not be inferior to those of open radical distal pancreatosplenectomy.
PMCID: PMC3942837  PMID: 24605031
Pancreatic cancer; Laparoscopic pancreatectomy, Robotic pancreatectomy
2.  Retiform Hemangioendothelioma on the Finger 
Archives of Plastic Surgery  2012;39(1):80-82.
PMCID: PMC3385286  PMID: 22783501
3.  Single-Site Robotic Cholecystectomy 
Medicine  2015;94(42):e1871.
This study aims to introduce an alternative technique for effective single-site robotic cholecystectomy (SSRC) using a reverse port.
Proper exposure of Calot's triangle is critical for safe laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Current robotic surgical systems are useful for single-site cholecystectomy. However, in exposing Calot's triangle, the gallbladder is usually retracted in a medial and upward direction, resulting in a narrow triangle. This intraoperative view is a major obstacle to safe laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
From October 2013 to October 2014, 55 consecutive patients underwent SSRC by a single surgeon at Yonsei University Severance Hospital. Initially, 5 patients underwent the original robotic single site cholecystectomy technique, and the remaining 50 patients underwent robotic single site cholecystectomy using our reverse port technique.
There were no differences between the SSRC-O (original port) group and the SSRC-R (reverse port) group in terms of patient age (P = 0.244), body mass index (P = 0.503), and pathologic conditions of the gallbladder (P = 0.841). Total operation time (132.6 vs 99.12 min; P = 0.009), actual dissection time (51.6 vs 30.28 min; P = 0.001), and console time (84.4 vs 50.46 min; P = 0.001) were all significantly shorter in the SSRC-R group. Mean intraoperative blood loss was minimal in both groups (20 vs 12.4 mL, P = 0.467), and bile spillage occurred in 2 patients of the SSRC-R group. There was one case of laparoscopic conversion in the SSRC-R group.
The reverse port technique described in this study successfully widened Calot's triangle and improved the safety of the current robotic surgical system for single-site robotic cholecystectomy.
PMCID: PMC4620793  PMID: 26496344
4.  The First Experiences of Robotic Single-Site Cholecystectomy in Asia: A Potential Way to Expand Minimally-Invasive Single-Site Surgery? 
Yonsei Medical Journal  2014;56(1):189-195.
Herein, we firstly present the robotic single-site cholecystectomy (RSSC) as performed in Asia and evaluate whether it could overcome the limitations of conventional laparoscopic single-site cholecystectomy.
Materials and Methods
From October 2013 to November 2013, RSSC for benign gallbladder (GB) disease was firstly performed consecutively in five patients. We evaluated these early experiences of RSSC and compared factors including clinicopathologic factors and operative outcomes with our initial cases of single-fulcrum laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SFLC).
Four female patients and one male patient underwent RSSC. Neither open conversion nor bile duct injury or bile spillage was noted during surgery. In comparisons with SFLC, patient-related factors in terms of age, sex, Body Mass Index, diagnosis, and American Society of Anesthesiologist score showed no significant differences between two groups. There were no significant differences in the operative outcomes regarding intraoperative blood loss, bile spillage during operation, postoperative pain scale values, postoperative complications, and hospital stay between the two groups (p<0.05). Actual dissection time (p=0.003) and total operation time (p=0.001) were significantly longer in RSSC than in SFLC. There were no drain insertion or open conversion cases in either group.
RSSC provides a comfortable environment and improved ergonomics to laparoscopic single-site cholecystectomy; however, this technique needs to be modified to allow for more effective intracorporeal movement. As experience and technical innovations continue, RSSC will soon be alternative procedure for well-selected benign GB disease.
PMCID: PMC4276755  PMID: 25510764
Robotic; single-site; single port; cholecystectomy
5.  Fatal liver injury complicated by percutaneous catheter drainage after distal pancreatosplenectomy in a patient with pancreatic cancer 
Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) combined with postoperative fluid collection, bleeding and abscess formation is one of the most critical morbidities after distal pancreatectomy or pancreaticoduodenectomy. Percutaneous catheter drainage has been commonly used for managing for the postoperative management of abnormal fluid collection. Removal of the catheter is rarely associated with occurrence of life-threatening complication such as serious liver damage. Herein, we report a case of unexpected fatal liver injury complicated by percutaneous catheter drainage treatment after distal pancreatosplenectomy in a patient with pancreatic cancer. We suggest that prudent decision for timing of catheter removal and meticulous care during procedure can reduce the possibility of major liver injury in patients with percutaneous transhepatic catheter drainage.
PMCID: PMC4492316  PMID: 26155252
Liver injury; Complication; Percutaneous catheter drainage; Distal pancreatosplenectomy; Pancreatic cancer
6.  Effects of new sports tennis type exercise on aerobic capacity, follicle stimulating hormone and N-terminal telopeptide in the postmenopausal women 
Menopause is characterized by rapid decreases in bone mineral density, aerobic fitness, muscle strength, and balance. In the present study, we investigated the effects of new sports tennis type exercise on aerobic capacity, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and N-terminal telopeptide (NTX) in the postmenopausal women. Subjects were consisted of 20 postmenopausal women, who had not menstruated for at least 1 yr and had follicle-stimulating hormone levels > 35 mIU/L, estradiol levels< 40 pg/mL. The subjects were randomly divided into two groups: control group (n= 10), new sports tennis type exercise group (n= 10). New sports tennis type exercise was consisted of warm up (10 min), new sports tennis type exercise (40 min), cool down (10 min) 3 days a per week for 12 weeks. The aerobic capacities were increased by 12 weeks new sports tennis type exercise. New sports tennis type exercise significantly increased FSH and NTx levels, indicating biochemical markers of bone formation and resorption. These findings indicate that 12 weeks of new sports tennis type exercise can be effective in prevention of bone loss and enhancement of aerobic capacity in postmenopausal women.
PMCID: PMC4025555  PMID: 24877043
New sports tennis type exercise; Aerobic capacity; Follicle stimulating hormone; N-terminal telopeptide; Postmenopausal women
7.  AFP-producing acinar cell carcinoma treated by pancreaticoduodenectomy in a patient with a previous radical subtotal gastrectomy by gastric cancer 
We report a case of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-producing acinar cell carcinoma (ACC) of the pancreas. The tumor was diagnosed in a 72 yearold female after radical subtotal gastrectomy (Billroth I) due to early gastric cancer six months before. The initial serum AFP levels were increased to 2,254.1 IU/ml and preoperative imaging studies showed a mass with approximately 2.5 cm in diameter near the neck of the pancreas. A pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed. The pathologic examination revealed an ill-defined lobulating tumor confined to the pancreas (T1 stage). Immunohistochemical study showed that the tumor cells expressed AFP. The Adenosine triphosphate-based chemotherapy response assay (ATP-CRA) suggested that cisplatin would be more desirable than gemcitabine in AFP-producing ACC of the pancreas as an adjuvant chemotherapy. However, the adjuvant chemotherapy was not performed due to the early pathological stage. The patient died from carcinomatosis and pneumonia. Even if the tumor was on a relatively early stage, an adjuvant treatment should be considered ACC.
PMCID: PMC4492330  PMID: 26155245
Alpha-fetoprotein; Acinar cell carcinoma; Pancreatectomy; Gastric cancer
8.  Urachal cyst presenting with huge abscess formation in adults 
Urachal disease, a disorder where embryonic remnant of the cloaca and the allantois present after birth as a midline fibrous cord, is usually detected in infancy and childhood. But urachal disease in adults is rare. We report a case of a huge abscess derived from a urachal cyst in an adult. A 52-year-old man presented with peri-umbilical distension and abdominal pain for 2 weeks. Ultrasonography and abdominal computed tomography scan demonstrated a huge abscess derived from the abdominal wall. After prompt incision and drainage, the remaining abscess cavity was removed completely under general anesthesia. Pathologic report was consistent with urachal duct cyst, and the patient was discharged in a week without complication.
PMCID: PMC3467394  PMID: 23091800
Urachal cyst; Adult

Results 1-8 (8)