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author:("Jee, Ye seb")
1.  Length of negative resection margin does not affect local recurrence and survival in the patients with gastric cancer 
World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG  2014;20(30):10518-10524.
AIM: To investigate the influence of the resection margin on local recurrence and survival in gastric cancer patients.
METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 1788 patients who had undergone gastrectomy for gastric cancer at the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, South Korea, between May 2003 and July 2009. The patients were divided into early and advanced gastric cancer groups. In each group, we analyzed the relationship between clinicopathologic factors and survival outcomes, and compared the hazard rates of event occurrence between patients with resection margins above and below the cut-off value, using a Cox proportional hazard model.
RESULTS: The early and advanced gastric cancer groups included 1001 and 787 patients, respectively. The hazard rates of event occurrence did not significantly differ between the patients with resection margins above the cut-off value and those with resection margins below the cut-off value (P > 0.05, in all comparisons). Based on the multivariable analyses, the proximal and distal resection margins were not significantly associated with survival outcomes and local recurrence (P > 0.05, in all analyses).
CONCLUSION: The proximal or distal resection margins did not affect the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer if the margins were pathologically negative.
doi:10.3748/wjg.v20.i30.10518
PMCID: PMC4130861  PMID: 25132770
Gastric cancer; Survival; Recurrence; Resection; Margin
2.  Gastrojejuno-colic fistula after gastrojejunostomy 
Gastrojejunocolic fistula is a rare condition after gastrojejunostomy. It is severe complications of gastrojejunostomy, which results an inadequate resection or incomplete vagotomy during peptic ulcer surgery. The symptoms are diarrhea, upper abdominal pain, bleeding, vomiting and weight loss. A 55-year-old man with chronic diarrhea and weight loss for 6 months visited Dankook University Hospital. The patient had received a truncal vagotomy and gastrojejunostomy for duodenal ulcer obstruction 15 years previously. The patient underwent gastroscopy and upper gastrointestinal series evaluations, which detected the gastrojejunocolic fistula. After improving of malnutrition, an exploratory laparotomy was undertaken, which revealed that the gastrojejunostomy site and the T-colon formed adhesion and fistula. En block resection of the distal stomach and T-colon included the gastrojejunocolic fistula, and Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy was performed. Recovery was uneventful and the patient remained well at the follow-up. We report a gastrojejunocolic fistula, which is a rare case after gastrojejunostomy.
doi:10.4174/jkss.2013.84.4.252
PMCID: PMC3616280  PMID: 23577321
Gastrojejunocolic fistula; Gastrojejunostomy; Peptic ulcer disease
3.  First experiences with laparoscopic assisted distal gastrectomy: in the view of comparison with high volume centers 
Purpose
Recently, the number of laparoscopic gastric surgeries increased in Korea. But since many patients prefer to attend larger hospitals, most operations have been performed in high volume center by experienced surgeons, and also most reported studies on laparoscopic gastric surgery have been performed in these hospitals. For better health service and increased access of local residents, district hospitals that have a smaller number of surgical cases also need to perform this surgery safely.
Methods
We retrospectively analyzed 58 patients who underwent laparoscopic assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) from April 2009 to January 2012 in Dankook University Hospital. We compared our data with the retrospective data of the Korean Laparoendoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study (KLASS) group because we thought the KLASS study was a representative study of LADG.
Results
A total of 58 patients underwent LADG during a period of 32 months. The male to female ratio, mean age and body mass index were 34:19, 62.4 years and 23.0 kg/m2, respectively. More than D1 + β lymph node was dissected in all patients and the mean number of harvested lymph nodes was 31.4. Mean operation time, estimated blood loss and mean hospital stays were 235 minutes, 176 mL and 7.4 days respectively. During the operation, there were no complication and no conversions to open surgery. After the operation, there were 2 cases of wound complication and 1 case of intra-abdominal abscess which improved with conservative treatment and there was no mortality. These data were not different to the data of high volume centers, especially KLASS.
Conclusion
We report first experience with LADG and concluded that LADG could be performed safely in smaller scale hospitals.
doi:10.4174/jkss.2012.83.3.130
PMCID: PMC3433548  PMID: 22977758
Stomach neoplasms; Laparoscopy
4.  Prostaglandin E2 and Interleukin-1β Reduce E-cadherin Expression by Enhancing Snail Expression in Gastric Cancer Cells 
Journal of Korean Medical Science  2012;27(9):987-992.
Inflammation is closely related to the progression of cancer as well as tumorigenesis. Here, we investigated the effect of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) on E-cadherin expression in SNU719 gastric cancer cells. E-cadherin expression decreased as the dose or exposure time of PGE2 and IL-1β increased, whereas Snail expression increased with dose or time of PGE2 and IL-1β. E-cadherin expression reduced by PGE2 treatment increased after the transfection of Snail siRNA. Neutralization of IL-1β using anti-IL-1β antibody blocked the expression pattern of E-cadherin and Snail occurred by IL-1β treatment. However, there was no synergic effect of IL-1β and PGE2 on the expression pattern of E-cadherin and Snail. In conclusion, inflammatory mediators reduced E-cadherin expression by enhancing Snail expression in gastric cancer cells. Inflammation-induced transcriptional regulation of E-cadherin in gastric cancer has implications for targeted chemoprevention and therapy.
doi:10.3346/jkms.2012.27.9.987
PMCID: PMC3429839  PMID: 22969242
Gastric cancer; Prostaglandin E2; Interleukin-1β; E-cadherin; Snail
5.  Local tissue reaction after injection of contrast media on gastric wall of mouse: experimental study for application of contrast media to computed tomography lymphography 
Purpose
Computed tomography (CT) lymphography is a simple technique of sentinel node navigation but tissue reaction after injection of contrast media has not been reported yet.
Methods
Ninety mice used in this study were divided into three groups: lipiodol, iopamidol, and normal saline. The test compounds were given by submucosal injection to the gastric wall of anesthetized mice. The specimens were subjected to histopathological examination.
Results
The mean grades of acute inflammatory response after iopamidol and lipiodol injection were significantly higher than control group. However, there was no significant difference between iopamidol and lipiodol injection. The mean grade of chronic inflammatory response and fibrosis showed no differences between groups. The presence or absence of fibrinoid necrosis and mesothelial hyperplasia showed no statistical differences at each time point between groups. The foam cell, which is similar to human signet ring cell carcinoma, were not identified in normal saline and iopamidol group, but were detected by postoperative day 7 in lipiodol group.
Conclusion
We conclude that iopamidol and lipiodol when used as a contrast media of CT lymphography is an available material for preoperative sentinel node navigation surgery for gastric cancer with an acceptable incidence of pathological alterations in a mouse model. Our results are potentially useful to clinical (human) application.
doi:10.4174/jkss.2012.82.2.70
PMCID: PMC3278638  PMID: 22347708
Lymphography; Sentinel node; Tissue reaction; Contrast media
6.  Laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer after liver transplantation 
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society  2011;80(Suppl 1):S1-S5.
A case report described a 72-year-old man with a history of a deceased-donor liver transplantation (due to hepatitis B-associated end-stage liver cirrhosis) performed in 1994. The patient was diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma and pulmonary metastasis in 1997 and was successfully treated with radiofrequency ablation and thoracoscopic superior segmentectomy. There was no evidence of newly diagnosed metastatic lesions or recurrence until the 19th post-operative month. Gastric cancer was identified by endoscopy during a routine follow-up examination; the pre-pyloric antral lesion measured 1.5 cm in size and was histologically well-differentiated and confined to the submucosal layers on endoscopic ultrasound. Laparoscopic gastrectomy and lymph node dissection (D1 + β) was successfully performed in March 2009, and the patient was discharged on the 5th post-operative day without complications. This suggests that laparoscopic surgery is one of the feasible methods for resection of gastric cancer in liver transplant patients.
doi:10.4174/jkss.2011.80.Suppl1.S1
PMCID: PMC3205362  PMID: 22066074
Laparoscopic gastrectomy; Liver transplantation; Gastric cancer

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