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1.  Synchronous triple primary cancers occurring in the stomach, kidney, and thyroid 
We report an unusual case of synchronous triple primary cancer of the stomach, kidney, and thyroid in a 50-year-old male patient. Initial esophagogastroduodenoscopy with biopsy for the medical check-up revealed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. We performed an abdominal/pelvic computed tomography scan for staging and incidentally found a 1.7-cm exophytic hypervascular mass in the left kidney. Thyroid ultrasonography showed suspicious malignant nodules suspicious with multiple lymph nodes (LNs) metastasis in the right side of the neck. Subsequent fine needle aspiration biopsy of a nodule and a LN was performed. Cytologic report revealed papillary thyroid carcinoma with lateral LNs metastasis. Our integrate oncology team performed radical subtotal gastrectomy, partial nephrectomy, and total thyroidectomy with modified radical neck dissection. The postoperative pathologic finding was well-differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma (T1N0M0; stage 1A), renal cell carcinoma (T1aN0M0; stage 1), and papillary thyroid carcinoma (T4bN1bM0; stage 4B). He received postoperative a radio-active iodine ablation and is doing well with no recurrence.
PMCID: PMC4443267  PMID: 26029681
Synchronous triple primary cancers; Stomach neoplasms; Renal cell carcinoma; Thyroid neoplasms
2.  Antiadhesive effect and safety of sodium hyaluronate-carboxymethyl cellulose membrane in thyroid surgery 
A number of researchers have suggested the use of sodium hyaluronate carboxymethyl cellulose (HA-CMC) membrane for preventing postoperative adhesion. This study evaluated the antiadhesive effect and safety of HA-CMC membrane in thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid cancer.
One hundred sixty-two patients who underwent thyroidectomy were prospectively randomized. In the study group of 80 patients, the 7.5 cm × 13 cm HA-CMC membrane was applied to the operative field after thyroidectomy. The subjects were asked about complications including adhesive symptoms using an 8-item questionnaire at 2 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after surgery. In addition, items on the appearance of neck wrinkles and scars were evaluated by a physician who had no information about the patient's allocation.
There were no significant differences in complications such as swallowing difficulty, and wrinkles between study and control groups. Both groups presented significantly decreased scores over time in swallowing difficulty, and wrinkles. There were no complications regarding the HA-CMC membrane.
The antiadhesive effect of HA-CMC membrane in thyroid surgery is still uncertain, although it is biologically safe. Further investigation is needed to confirm the antiadhesive effect of HA-CMC membrane in thyroid surgery.
PMCID: PMC3834017  PMID: 24266009
Sodium hyaluronate carboxymethyl cellulose; HA-CMC; Seprafilm; Adhesion; Thyroid
3.  Analysis of patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer expected to have curative surgery 
Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is rare and has a poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinicopathologic characteristics of patients diagnosed with ATC expected to undergo curative thyroidectomy, with the goal of finding differences between patients surviving ≥6 months and <6 months.
From 1981 to 2010, 24 patients underwent thyroidectomy due to ATC. Among those patients, 12 suspected of distant metastasis preoperatively were excluded. The remaining 12 patients were analyzed by retrospective review of electronic medical records.
Median age was 55 years, and the male to female ratio was 1:5. All patients presented with neck mass at initial diagnosis. Five patients lived <6 months and seven patients lived ≥6 months after operation. In patients surviving ≥6 months, all lesions were <5 cm and all patients underwent total thyroidectomy. In patients surviving <6 months, two of the four lesions were >5 cm, and two of the five patients underwent less than total thyroidectomy (P = 0.287 and 0.152, respectively). All patients with lesion size <5 cm underwent total thyroidectomy and showed a shorter median operation time (P = 0.182 and 0.033, respectively).
ATC showed female predominance. Patients initially presented with neck mass, and median age was 55 years. In patients with ATC who are expected to undergo curative thyroidectomy, surgery should actively be considered as primary therapy for patient survival when the size is <5 cm.
PMCID: PMC3433547  PMID: 22977757
Anaplastic thyroid cancer; Thyroidectomy

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