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1.  Clinical characteristics and outcomes of primary bone lymphoma in Korea 
The Korean Journal of Hematology  2012;47(3):213-218.
Background
This study evaluates the effectiveness of immunochemotherapy and radiation therapy in the treatment of patients with primary bone lymphoma (PBL).
Methods
We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 33 patients with PBL who were treated at 6 medical centers in Korea from 1992 to 2010. Clinicopathological features and treatment outcomes were analyzed.
Results
The median age of the patients participating in our study was 40 years. The most common sites of involvement were the pelvis (12.36%) and femur (11.33%). CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone) or CHOP-like regimens were administered to 20 patients (61%), and R-CHOP (rituximab plus CHOP) was administered to the remaining 13 patients (39%). The overall response rate was 89% (complete response, 76%; partial response, 12%). The overall survival (OS) of patients with solitary bone lesions was longer than that of patients with multiple bone lesions (median OS: not reached vs. 166 months, respectively; P=0.089). Addition of rituximab to CHOP did not significantly affect either OS or progression-free survival (P=0.53 and P=0.23, respectively). Combining radiation therapy with chemotherapy also did not improve the OS or progression-free survival of patients with solitary bone lesions.
Conclusion
Conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy remains an effective treatment option for patients with PBL. Additional benefits of supplementing chemotherapy with either rituximab or radiation therapy were not observed in this study. Further investigation is needed to characterize the role of immunochemotherapy in treating patients with PBL.
doi:10.5045/kjh.2012.47.3.213
PMCID: PMC3464339  PMID: 23071477
Bone lymphoma; Radiotherapy; Rituximab
2.  Cytogenetic biodosimetry for Fukushima travelers after the nuclear power plant accident: no evidence of enhanced yield of dicentrics 
Journal of Radiation Research  2012;53(6):876-881.
Individuals who traveled to contaminated areas after the Fukushima nuclear accident have concerns about the health effects. However, medical follow-up for any adverse health effects will be difficult without personal dose measurements. Cytogenetic biodosimetry is a reasonable method of assessing absorbed doses retrospectively. We analyzed dicentric chromosomes for 265 Fukushima travelers, mostly journalists and rescue workers, who had been dispatched to northeastern Japan during the nuclear emergency. As a control group, 37 healthy volunteers who had not visited Japan since the accident were enrolled. Yields of dicentrics and absorbed doses calculated from a dose-response calibration curve for travelers and the control group were compared. The cut-off level for dicentric chromosomes in the controls was 3.5 per 1000 cells. Of the 265 travelers, 31 had elevated numbers of dicentrics (High-Dics group) while 234 were below the cut-off (Normal-Dics group). All but one of the individuals in the High-Dics group also reported a significantly higher number of medical exposures to radiation within the past three years compared with the Normal-Dics or control groups. The 225 travelers with no history of medical exposure showed no difference of dicentrics yield compared to the control group. Our data indicate that Fukushima travel alone did not enhance the yield of dicentrics.
doi:10.1093/jrr/rrs065
PMCID: PMC3483860  PMID: 22859566
biodosimetry; dicentrics; Fukushima travel; medical exposure
3.  A Phase II Trial of Paclitaxel, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and Cisplatin in Patients with Metastatic or Recurrent Gastric Cancer 
Purpose
We wanted to assess the effectiveness and safety of combination chemotherapy with paclitaxel, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin for treating advanced gastric cancer.
Materials and Methods
Patients with metastatic or recurrent gastric cancer were entered into this study. Paclitaxel at a dose of 135 mg/m2 on day 1, 5-FU 1 g/m2/day in a 24 hour continuous infusion from day 1 to day 4 and cisplatin 60 mg/m2 on day 1 were administered. This regimen was repeated every 3 weeks.
Results
A total of 34 patients were enrolled in this study. Among them, 33 patients were finally evaluable for their response. 17 (51.5%) patients had a partial response (95% CI: 26.0~77.0%). The median duration of overall survival was 13.2 months. Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia were observed in 15.2% and 1.1% of all the cycles, respectively. Grade 3 stomatitis and neurotoxicity were observed in 20.6% and 1.1% of all patients, respectively. Grade 4 non-hematologic toxicity was not observed.
Conclusions
The regimen of paclitaxel, 5-FU and cisplatin demonstrated activity and accepatable toxicity for treating metastatic gastric cancer.
doi:10.4143/crt.2008.40.3.106
PMCID: PMC2697463  PMID: 19688115
Stomach Neoplasms; Chemotherapy; Paclitaxel; 5-fluorouracil; Cisplatin
4.  Gemcitabine and Carboplatin Combination Chemotherapy for Elderly Patients with Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer: A Feasibility Study 
Purpose
Although platinum based chemotherapy is known to improve the survival duration for the patients with non-small cell lung cancer, the role of platinum for elderly patient is not yet clear. We administered gemcitabine and carboplatin combination therapy to elderly patients with NSCLC. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicities of this regimen for elderly patients.
Materials and Methods
The eligibility criteria were as follows: pathologically confirmed NSCLC, an age ≥65 years, advanced disease with stage IIIB or IV and the patients were chemotherapy-naive. The treatment regimen was as follows; gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m2 was administered on days 1 and 8 and carboplatin AUC=5 was administered on day 1. This regimen was repeated every 3 weeks. The efficacy was evaluated in terms of the response rate, the time to progression and the overall survival duration.
Results
From Dec 2001 to Feb 2005, a total of 20 patients were entered into this study. The median patient age was 68 years (range: 65~75). 19 patients were evaluable for their treatment response. A partial response was obtained in 8 patients (response rate: 42.1%, 95% CI: 19.4~64.8%). The median time to progression and the survival duration were 136 days and 453 days, respectively. Among a total of 65 cycles of treatment, grade 3 or 4 leukopenia and thrombocytopenia were observed in 7.7% and 13.9% of the cycles, respectively. Grade 3 or 4 vomiting was observed in 7.7% of the cycles. Grade 3 skin rash developed in 1.5% of the cycles. 1 patient died of septic shock after chemotherapy.
Conclusions
Gemcitabine and carboplatin combination chemotherapy was relatively safe and effective for treating elderly patients with NSCLC.
doi:10.4143/crt.2008.40.3.116
PMCID: PMC2697464  PMID: 19688117
Gemcitabine; Carboplatin; Non-small cell lung cancer; Aged

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