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author:("Jo, Jae-cheil")
1.  The prognostic impact of inflammatory factors in patients with multiple myeloma treated with thalidomide in Korea 
The purpose of this study was to determine the correlations between inflammatory factors—including absolute lymphocyte count, lactate dehydrogenase, β2-microglobulin, albumin, C-reactive protein, and ferritin—and the prognosis for survival in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) treated with induction chemotherapy containing thalidomide and who underwent autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT).
Data from patients at 13 university hospitals in South Korea were collected retrospectively between December 2005 and May 2013.
The median age of the 232 patients was 57 years (range, 33 to 77) and the male to female ratio was 1.09:1. In the multivariate analysis, fewer than two combined abnormal inflammatory factors was the only independent prognostic factor for superior progression-free survival (relative risk [RR], 0.618; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.409 to 0.933; p = 0.022), and platelet count > 100 × 109/L and fewer than two combined abnormal inflammatory factors were independent prognostic factors for superior overall survival (RR, 4.739; 95% CI, 1.897 to 11.839; p = 0.001 and RR, 0.263; 95% CI, 0.113 to 0.612; p = 0.002, respectively).
Patients with two or more than two combined inflammatory factors who were treated with thalidomide induction chemotherapy and who underwent ASCT showed significantly shorter survival compared to those with fewer than two combined inflammatory factors. These results could be helpful for predicting prognosis in patients with MM.
PMCID: PMC4578032  PMID: 26354062
Multiple myeloma; Thalidomide; Prognosis; Inflammation
2.  Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma with Involvement of the Breast and Testis in a Male Patient 
Here we report a case of a 76-year-old man with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with simultaneous involvement of the right breast and left testicle. The patient underwent complete resection of the involved testis, followed by immunochemotherapy with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP) and prophylactic radiotherapy to the contralateral testis. Following this multimodal therapy, he achieved a complete response. This is a rare case of DLBCL involving both the breast and the testis in a male patient.
PMCID: PMC4506101  PMID: 25544585
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma; Breast; Testis; Male
3.  Radotinib Induces Apoptosis of CD11b+ Cells Differentiated from Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells 
PLoS ONE  2015;10(6):e0129853.
Radotinib, developed as a BCR/ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), is approved for the second-line treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in South Korea. However, therapeutic effects of radotinib in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are unknown. In the present study, we demonstrate that radotinib significantly decreases the viability of AML cells in a dose-dependent manner. Kasumi-1 cells were more sensitive to radotinib than NB4, HL60, or THP-1 cell lines. Furthermore, radotinib induced CD11b expression in NB4, THP-1, and Kasumi-1 cells either in presence or absence of all trans-retinoic acid (ATRA). We found that radotinib promoted differentiation and induced CD11b expression in AML cells by downregulating LYN. However, CD11b expression induced by ATRA in HL60 cells was decreased by radotinib through upregulation of LYN. Furthermore, radotinib mainly induced apoptosis of CD11b+ cells in the total population of AML cells. Radotinib also increased apoptosis of CD11b+ HL60 cells when they were differentiated by ATRA/dasatinib treatment. We show that radotinib induced apoptosis via caspase-3 activation and the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) in CD11b+ cells differentiated from AML cells. Our results suggest that radotinib may be used as a candidate drug in AML or a chemosensitizer for treatment of AML by other therapeutics.
PMCID: PMC4466365  PMID: 26065685
4.  Dasatinib Accelerates Valproic Acid-Induced Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cell Death by Regulation of Differentiation Capacity 
PLoS ONE  2014;9(6):e98859.
Dasatinib is a compound developed for chronic myeloid leukemia as a multi-targeted kinase inhibitor against wild-type BCR-ABL and SRC family kinases. Valproic acid (VPA) is an anti-epileptic drug that also acts as a class I histone deacetylase inhibitor. The aim of this research was to determine the anti-leukemic effects of dasatinib and VPA in combination and to identify their mechanism of action in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. Dasatinib was found to exert potent synergistic inhibitory effects on VPA-treated AML cells in association with G1 phase cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induction involving the cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase and caspase-3, -7 and -9. Dasatinib/VPA-induced cell death thus occurred via caspase-dependent apoptosis. Moreover, MEK/ERK and p38 MAPK inhibitors efficiently inhibited dasatinib/VPA-induced apoptosis. The combined effect of dasatinib and VPA on the differentiation capacity of AML cells was more powerful than the effect of each drug alone, being sufficiently strong to promote AML cell death through G1 cell cycle arrest and caspase-dependent apoptosis. MEK/ERK and p38 MAPK were found to control dasatinib/VPA-induced apoptosis as upstream regulators, and co-treatment with dasatinib and VPA to contribute to AML cell death through the regulation of differentiation capacity. Taken together, these results indicate that combined dasatinib and VPA treatment has a potential role in anti-leukemic therapy.
PMCID: PMC4053340  PMID: 24918603
5.  Prediction of outcomes for patients with brain parenchymal metastases from breast cancer (BC): a new BC-specific prognostic model and a nomogram 
Neuro-Oncology  2012;14(8):1105-1113.
The purpose of this study is to validate the recently published Breast–Graded Prognostic Assessment (GPA) and propose a new prognostic model and nomogram for patients with brain parenchymal metastases (BM) from breast cancer (BC). We retrospectively investigated 171 consecutive patients who received a diagnosis of BM from BC during 2000–2008. We appraised the recently proposed Sperduto's BC-specific GPA in training cohort through Kaplan-Meier survival curve using log-rank test and area under the curve for the BC-GPA predicting overall survival at 1 year and developed a new nomogram to predict outcomes using multivariate Cox-regression analysis. By putting the Sperduto's Breast-GPA together with our nomogram, we developed a new prognostic model. We validated our new prognostic model with an independent external patient cohort from 2 institutes for the same period. On the basis of our Cox-regression analysis, therapeutic effect of trastuzumab and status of extracranial systemic disease control were incorporated into our new prognostic model in addition to Karnofsky performance status, age, and hormonal status. Our new prognostic model showed significant discrimination in median survival time, with 3.7 months for class I (n = 15), 7.8 months for class II (n = 82), 10.7 months for class III (n = 42), and 19.2 months for class IV (n = 32; P < .0001). The new prognostic model accurately predicted survival among patients with BC from BM in an external validation cohort (P < .0001). We propose a new prognostic model and a nomogram reflecting the different biological features of BC, including treatment effect and status of extracranial disease control, which was excellently validated in an independent external cohort.
PMCID: PMC3408262  PMID: 22693244
brain metastasis; breast cancer; HER2; prognosis; trastuzumab
6.  Yttrium-90 ibritumomab tiuxetan plus busulfan, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide (BuCyE) versus BuCyE alone as a conditioning regimen for non-Hodgkin lymphoma 
The Korean Journal of Hematology  2012;47(2):119-125.
Radioimmunotherapy agents have a highly significant role in autologous stem cell transplantation as they improve tolerability and increase the efficacy of the conditioning regimen.
We retrospectively analyzed the efficacy and toxicity of yttrium-90 ibritumomab tiuxetan (Zevalin) combined with intravenous busulfan, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide (Z-BuCyE) compared with those of BuCyE alone followed by autologous stem cell transplantation in patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The efficacy, toxicity, and engraftment characteristics were compared between 19 patients who received Z-BuCyE and 19 historical controls who received BuCyE.
The 2 treatment groups shared similar baseline characteristics. The median time to platelet engraftment (>20×109/L) and neutrophil engraftment (>0.5×109/L) did not significantly differ between the Z-BuCyE group (12 days and 10 days, respectively) and the BuCyE group (12 days and 10 days, respectively). No significant differences were observed between the groups with respect to toxicities and treatment-related mortality. The median follow-up period was 30.4 months, and median event-free survival was generally better in the Z-BuCyE group (12.5 months) vs. the BuCyE group (6.2 months, P=0.236). No significant difference in overall survival between the groups was noted.
Adding ibritumomab tiuxetan to BuCyE high-dose chemotherapy may benefit patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell NHL with no risk of additional toxicity.
PMCID: PMC3389060  PMID: 22783358
Yttrium-90 ibritumomab tiuxetan; BuCyE; Autologous stem cell transplantation; Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
7.  Infarction and Perforation of the Small Intestine due to Tumor Emboli from Disseminated Rectal Cancer 
Gut and Liver  2008;2(2):130-132.
Small bowel perforation due to hematogenous metastatic tumor emboli is a rare event, especially in a patient with rectal cancer. We report a 75-year-old man with relapsed rectal cancer who developed an acute abdomen, which was found to be due to a perforated terminal ileum. Emergency surgery involved segmental resection and ileostomy. The pathology of the resected small bowel showed multifocal and extensive metastatic tumor emboli in the entire wall, leading to transmural infarction followed by perforation, without a discrete tumor mass. The pathology with immunohistochemistry showed a rectal tumor that was positive for CK-20 but negative for CK-7 and TTF-1. This extremely rare complication of rectal cancer resulted from ischemia and infarct caused by disseminated metastatic tumor emboli without direct invasion or mass formation.
PMCID: PMC2871583  PMID: 20485623
Small intestine; Infarction; Intestinal perforation; Rectal cancer; Tumor embolism

Results 1-7 (7)