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1.  Efficacy and Optimal Timing of Endovascular Treatment for Type B Aortic Dissection 
Annals of Vascular Diseases  2015;8(4):307-313.
Objectives: To determine the efficacy and the optimal timing of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for closing the primary entry in uncomplicated patients with chronic type B aortic dissection and a patent false lumen (FL).
Methods: Thirteen patients underwent TEVAR for aortic dissection between 2008 and 2012. These patients had chronic dissection with a patent FL and expansion of the aorta. Early TEVAR was performed for five patients within 1–7 months from the index dissection (TEVAR-EC group) and delayed TEVAR was performed for eight patients within 1–16 years (TEVAR-DC group). Changes in the diameters and volumes of the true lumen (TL) and FL and the aortic remodeling were assessed by multidetector computed tomography for 3 years after TEVAR.
Results: The reduction rate of FL in the thoracic aorta was notably higher in the TEVAR-EC group than in the TEVAR-DC group regardless of the presence or absence of distal retrograde flow. There was a significant TL expansion despite different timings of TEVAR.
Conclusions: Early TEVAR resulted in good prognosis and preferable aortic remodeling in uncomplicated patients with chronic type B aortic dissection and a patent FL, and we recommend early TEVAR within seven months after the index dissection.
doi:10.3400/avd.oa.15-00069
PMCID: PMC4691505  PMID: 26730256
type B aortic dissection; thoracic endovascular aortic repair; aortic remodeling; uncomplicated case
2.  Gender disparities in the association between epicardial adipose tissue volume and coronary atherosclerosis: A 3-dimensional cardiac computed tomography imaging study in Japanese subjects 
Background
Growing evidence suggests that epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) may contribute to the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). In this study, we explored gender disparities in EAT volume (EATV) and its impact on coronary atherosclerosis.
Methods
The study population consisted of 90 consecutive subjects (age: 63 ± 12 years; men: 47, women: 43) who underwent 256-slice multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) coronary angiography. EATV was measured as the sum of cross-sectional epicardial fat area on CT images, from the lower surface of the left pulmonary artery origin to the apex. Subjects were segregated into the CAD group (coronary luminal narrowing > 50%) and non-CAD group.
Results
EATV/body surface area (BSA) was higher among men in the CAD group than in the non-CAD group (62 ± 13 vs. 33 ± 10 cm3/m2, p < 0.0001), but did not differ significantly among women in the 2 groups (49 ± 18 vs. 42 ± 9 cm3/m2, not significant). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that EATV/BSA was the single predictor for >50% coronary luminal narrowing in men (p < 0.0001). Predictors excluded were age, body mass index, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hyperlipidemia.
Conclusions
Increased EATV is strongly associated with coronary atherosclerosis in men.
doi:10.1186/1475-2840-11-106
PMCID: PMC3489699  PMID: 22963346
Atherosclerosis; Gender difference; Epicardial adipose tissue; Obesity
3.  Autologous Peripheral Blood-Derived Mononuclear Cells Induced by Erythropoietin Improve Critical Ischemic Limbs 
Annals of Vascular Diseases  2012;5(1):52-60.
Purpose: Efficient and secure collection of CD34+ cells are crucial for the angiogenic therapies. We have developed autologous peripheral blood-mononuclear cell (MNC) transplantation induced by erythropoietin (rhEPO) for critical ischemic limbs.
Methods: Seven patients, including five with arteriosclerosis obliterans, one with Buerger’s disease and one with progressive systemic sclerosis, underwent ten cell therapies. The first administration of rhEPO was performed two weeks before apheresis, and the second administration and blood donation were performed one week before apheresis to activate bone marrow. MNCs including CD34+ cells, isolated from peripheral blood by apheresis, were immediately injected intramuscularly into ischemic limbs.
Results: The number of peripheral blood-CD34 + cells had significantly increased from 1.32 ± 0.83/microL, before the rhEPO induction, to 1.86 ± 0.94/microL, before the apheresis. The number of transplanted MNCs ranged between 0.5 × 109 and 16.5 × 109, and that of CD34+ cells, between 0.1 × 106 and 12.7 × 106, accounting for 0.02%–0.1% of MNCs. There were no serious complications. Finger ulcers with Buerger’s disease were significantly improved one month after the transplantations, but the same or other ulcer(s) appeared 2–6 months later. Three patients had an improvement in rest pain, and one patient extended maximum pain-free walking distance.
Conclusions: Erythropoietin-induced autologous peripheral blood-MNC transplantation is a useful and safe alternative for ischemic limbs.
doi:10.3400/avd.oa.11.00070
PMCID: PMC3595914  PMID: 23555486
Keywordserythropoietin; angiogenesis; autologous peripheral blood-derived mononuclear cell transplantation; critical ischemic limbs
4.  Endothelin-1 stimulates sodium-dependent calcium efflux from bovine adrenal chromaffin cells in culture 
British Journal of Pharmacology  1998;125(1):55-60.
The effect of endothelin (ET)-1 on Ca2+ efflux from cultured bovine adrenal chromaffin cells was examined. ET-1 (10−7 M) significantly increased intracellular free Ca2+ level ([Ca2+]i), 45Ca2+ uptake and catecholamine secretion in the cells. 2. ET-1 stimulated the efflux of 45Ca2+ from the cells preloaded with 45Ca2+ in a concentration-dependent manner (10−9–10−7 M). This stimulatory effect was inhibited by ETB receptor antagonist BQ788, but not by ETA receptor antagonist BQ123. Selective ETB receptor agonists Suc-[Glu9, Ala11,15]-ET-1 and sarafotoxin S6c (SRTX) also stimulated 45Ca2+ efflux from the cells.ET-1, Suc-[Glu9, Ala11,15]-ET-1 and SRTX increased the level of cyclic GMP in the adrenal chromaffin cells. ET-1 induced an increase in the nitric oxide (NO) level in the cells. The stimulatory effects by which ET-1 increases NO level and 45Ca2+ efflux were inhibited by NG-monomethyl-L-arginine acetate (L-NMMA), a competitive inhibitor of NO synthase.The 45Ca2+ efflux stimulated by ET-1 was inhibited by deprivation of extracellular Na+, but not by deprivation of Ca2+.These results suggest that ET-1 stimulates an extracellular Na+-dependent Ca2+ efflux through the activation of NO synthase in cultured bovine adrenal chromaffin cells.
doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0702047
PMCID: PMC1565599  PMID: 9776344
Endothelin; Ca2+ efflux; Na+/Ca2+ exchange; chromaffin cell

Results 1-4 (4)