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1.  Coronary Plaque Burden, as Determined by Cardiac Computed Tomography, in Patients with Myocardial Infarction and Angiographically Normal Coronary Arteries Compared to Healthy Volunteers: A Prospective Multicenter Observational Study 
PLoS ONE  2014;9(6):e99783.
Objectives
Patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction and angiographically normal coronary arteries (MINCA) represent a diagnostic and a therapeutic challenge. Cardiac computed tomography (CT) allows detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) even in the absence of significant stenosis. We aimed to investigate whether patients suffering from MINCA had a greater coronary plaque burden, as determined by cardiac CT, than a matched group of healthy volunteers.
Methods
Consecutive patients, aged 45 to 70, with MINCA were enrolled in the Stockholm metropolitan area. Patients with myocarditis were excluded using cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging. Remaining patients underwent cardiac CT, as did a reference group of healthy volunteers matched by age and gender, with no known cardiovascular disease. Plaque burden was evaluated semi-quantitatively on a per patient and a per segment level.
Results
Despite a higher prevalence of smoking and hypertension, patients with MINCA did not have more CAD than healthy volunteers. Among 57 MINCA patients and 58 volunteers no signs of CAD were found in 24 (42%) and 25 (43%) respectively. On a per segment level, MINCA patients had less segments with stenosis ≥20% (2% vs. 5%, p<0.01), as well as a smaller proportion of large (2% vs. 4%, p<0.05) and mixed type plaques (1% vs. 4%, p<0.01). The median coronary calcium score did not differ between MINCA patients and healthy volunteers (6 vs. 8, ns).
Conclusions
MINCA patients with no or minimal angiographic stenosis do not have more coronary atherosclerosis than healthy volunteers, and a large proportion of these patients do not have any signs of CAD, as determined by cardiac CT. The MINCA patient group is probably heterogeneous, with a variety of different underlying mechanisms. Non-obstructive CAD is most likely not the most prevalent cause of myocardial infarction in this patient group.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0099783
PMCID: PMC4061030  PMID: 24937192
2.  2-h postchallenge plasma glucose predicts cardiovascular events in patients with myocardial infarction without known diabetes mellitus 
Background and purpose
The incidence of cardiovascular events remains high in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) despite advances in current therapies. New and better methods for identifying patients at high risk of recurrent cardiovascular (CV) events are needed. This study aimed to analyze the predictive value of an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in patients with acute myocardial infarction without known diabetes mellitus (DM).
Methods
The prospective cohort study consisted of 123 men and women aged between 31–80 years who had suffered a previous MI 3–12 months before the examinations. The exclusion criteria were known diabetes mellitus. Patients were followed up over 6.03 ± 1.36 years for CV death, recurrent MI, stroke and unstable angina pectoris. A standard OGTT was performed at baseline.
Results
2-h plasma glucose (HR, 1.27, 95% CI, 1.00 to 1.62; P < 0.05) and smoking (HR, 3.56, 95% CI, 1.02 to 12.38; P < 0.05) proved to be independent predictors of CV events in multivariate statistical analysis after adjustments for age, sex, total cholesterol, and other baseline characteristics.
Conclusions
In this study population, with previous MI and without known DM, 2-h PG and smoking were significant predictors of CV death, recurrent MI, stroke and unstable angina pectoris, independent of baseline characteristics and medical treatment.
doi:10.1186/1475-2840-11-93
PMCID: PMC3489682  PMID: 22873202
3.  Coronary Artery Perforation and Regrowth of a Side Branch Occluded by a Polytetrafluoroethylene-Covered Stent Implantation 
ISRN Cardiology  2011;2011:212851.
Stenting of the right coronary artery stenosis caused coronary perforation and profound dye (blood) extravasation in a 69-year-old female patient. Instantaneous balloon inflation followed by implantation of a polytetrafluoroethylene- (PTFE-)covered stent sealed the coronary perforation, restored the blood flow, and perceivably caused acute occlusion of a large side branch (SB). The immediate in situ balloon inflation prevented the development of cardiac tamponade. Surprisingly, followup coronary angiography 4 and 11 months later showed spontaneous recanalization of the SB occluded by PTFE-covered stent. The SB was filled through a channel beginning at the end of the covered stent streaming retrogradely beneath it toward the SB ostium. Up to the best of our knowledge, this is the first described case of late spontaneous recanalization of as SB occluded by a PTFE-covered stent.
doi:10.5402/2011/212851
PMCID: PMC3262528  PMID: 22347632

Results 1-3 (3)