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author:("Guo, zhijin")
1.  Recombinant Goat VEGF164 Increases Hair Growth by Painting Process on the Skin of Shaved Mouse 
To detect goat vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated regrowth of hair, full-length VEGF164 cDNA was cloned from Inner Mongolia cashmere goat (Capra hircus) into the pET-his prokaryotic expression vector, and the recombinant plasmid was transferred into E. coli BL21 cells. The expression of recombinant 6×his-gVEGF164 protein was induced by 0.5 mM isopropyl thio-β-D-galactoside at 32°C. Recombinant goat VEGF164 (rgVEGF164) was purified and identi ed by western blot using monoclonal anti-his and anti-VEGF antibodies. The rgVEGF164 was smeared onto the dorsal area of a shaved mouse, and we noted that hair regrowth in this area was faster than in the control group. Thus, rgVEGF164 increases hair growth in mice.
doi:10.5713/ajas.2014.14046
PMCID: PMC4150203  PMID: 25178380
Goat; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF); Recombinant Protein; Hair Growth
2.  Effect of exenatide on the cardiac expression of adiponectin receptor 1 and NADPH oxidase subunits and heart function in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats 
Background
This study investigated the effect of exenatide on the cardiac expression of adiponectin receptor 1 and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase subunits and heart function in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
Methods
Male Sprague–Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups, i.e. control group, diabetic group, diabetic treated with low doses of exenatide (2 μg · kg−1.d−1) and diabetic treated with high doses of exenatide (10 μg · kg−1.d−1). Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (65 mg/kg body weight). At the termination after exenatide treatment for eight weeks, following anesthesia of the rats, a catheter was inserted into the left ventricle through the right common carotid artery for measurement of left ventricular pressure, which included left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and the maximal rate of rise and decline of ventricular pressure (±dp/dt[max]). Plasma and myocardial adiponectin levels, and the expressions of myocardial adiponectin receptor 1, p22phox, NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4), glucose transporter type 4 (Glut4), AMPK-α, phosphorylated-AMPK-α, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and copper zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu-Zn-SOD) were assayed.
Results
Heart function, plasma adiponectin levels, the protein expression of myocardial phosphorylated-AMPK-α, the mRNA expression of myocardial Glut4, and the positive expression of myocardial Cu-Zn-SOD were significantly decreased in diabetic. The protein expression of myocardial adiponectin receptor 1, the mRNA expression of myocardial p22phox and NOX4, and the positive expression of myocardial CTGF were significantly increased in diabetic. Low and high doses of exenatide treatment significantly attenuated these changes in diabetic rats.
Conclusions
These results suggest that exenatide may contribute to the improvement of the heart function in diabetic rats by down-regulating the expression of myocardial adiponectin receptor 1, p22phox and NOX4, and up-regulating plasma adiponectin level and the expression of myocardial AMPK-α, Glut4 and Cu-Zn-SOD.
doi:10.1186/1758-5996-6-29
PMCID: PMC3942060  PMID: 24576329
Exenatide; Diabetic cardiomyopathy; Adiponectin receptor 1; Glucose transporter type 4; NADPH oxidase
3.  Effects of Abscisic Acid, Gibberellin, Ethylene and Their Interactions on Production of Phenolic Acids in Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge Hairy Roots 
PLoS ONE  2013;8(9):e72806.
Salvia miltiorrhiza is one of the most important traditional Chinese medicinal plants because of its excellent performance in treating coronary heart disease. Phenolic acids mainly including caffeic acid, rosmarinic acid and salvianolic acid B are a group of active ingredients in S. miltiorrhiza. Abscisic acid (ABA), gibberellin (GA) and ethylene are three important phytohormones. In this study, effects of the three phytohormones and their interactions on phenolic production in S. miltiorrhiza hairy roots were investigated. The results showed that ABA, GA and ethylene were all effective to induce production of phenolic acids and increase activities of PAL and TAT in S. miltiorrhiza hairy roots. Effects of phytohormones were reversed by their biosynthetic inhibitors. Antagonistic actions between the three phytohormones played important roles in the biosynthesis of phenolic acids. GA signaling is necessary for ABA and ethylene-induced phenolic production. Yet, ABA and ethylene signaling is probably not necessary for GA3-induced phenolic production. The complex interactions of phytohormones help us reveal regulation mechanism of secondary metabolism and scale-up production of active ingredients in plants.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0072806
PMCID: PMC3759372  PMID: 24023778
4.  Effect of telmisartan on the expression of adiponectin receptors and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase in the heart and aorta in type 2 diabetic rats 
Background
Diabetic cardiovascular disease is associated with decreased adiponectin and increased oxidative stress. This study investigated the effect of telmisartan on the expression of adiponectin receptor 2 (adipoR2) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase subunits in the heart and the expression of adiponectin receptor 1 (adipoR1) in aorta in type 2 diabetic rats.
Methods
Type 2 diabetes was induced by high-fat and high-sugar diet and intraperitoneal injection of a low dose of streptozotocin (STZ). Heart function, adipoR2, p22phox, NOX4, glucose transporter 4(GLUT4), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1(MCP-1) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF)in the heart, and adipoR1, MCP-1 and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) in aorta were analyzed in controls and diabetic rats treated with or without telmisartan (5mg/kg/d) by gavage for 12 weeks.
Results
Heart function, plasma and myocardial adiponectin levels, the expression of myocardial adipoR2 and GLUT4 were significantly decreased in diabetic rats (P <0.05). The expression of myocardial p22phox, NOX4, MCP-1, and CTGF was significantly increased in diabetic rats (P <0.05). The expression of adipoR1 was decreased and the expression of MCP-1 and NF-κB was increased in the abdominal aorta in diabetic rats (P <0.05). Telmisartan treatment significantly attenuated these changes in diabetic rats (P <0.05).
Conclusions
Our results suggest that telmisartan upregulates the expression of myocardial adiponectin, its receptor 2 and GLUT4. Simultaneously, it downregulates the expression of myocardial p22phox, NOX4, MCP-1, and CTGF, contributing so to the improvement of heart function in diabetic rats. Telmisartan also induces a protective role on the vascular system by upregulating the expression of adipoR1 and downregulating the expression of MCP-1 and NF-κB in the abdominal aorta in diabetic rats.
doi:10.1186/1475-2840-11-94
PMCID: PMC3471013  PMID: 22873349
Telmisartan; Adiponectin receptor; NADPH oxidase; Type 2 diabetic; Cardiac; Aorta

Results 1-4 (4)