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1.  Health Behaviors and Health Status of At-Risk Latino Students for Diabetes 
This research study examined the behavioral lifestyle patterns and health status of at-risk Latino college students for future diabetes onset in relation to their age, gender, and acculturation status. Participants were 156 Latino (34% male and 66% female) university students who had a first and/or second degree relative afflicted with diabetes. Findings indicated that Latino students exhibit similar lifestyle patterns in terms of dietary intake, physical activity, and drinking and smoking behaviors observed in the general and college population that have been linked to obesity—a particularly problematic risk factor among those who already have a genetic predisposition for diabetes. The reported findings are of importance for the development of culturally-relevant treatment interventions targeting young Latinos in college.
PMCID: PMC4640817  PMID: 26566366
acculturation; college students; diabetes; Latinos; lifestyle patterns
The study utilized the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to determine condom use behavior among college students. A total of 218 college students with mean age of 20.9 years old participated in the study. A 32- item cross-sectional survey was administered among the participants. The constructs of attitude towards behavior, perceived behavioral control, and subjective norm (p<0.001) significantly predicted intention to use condoms and they accounted for 64% of the variance. Behavioral intention significantly predicted condom use and it accounted for 15% of the variance. The TPB could be used to guide programs in promoting condom use among college students.
PMCID: PMC4621079  PMID: 26512197
Theory of Planned Behavior; College students; condom use
3.  Preventing victimization among young women: The SafeNights intervention 
We examined the effect of a brief intervention, titled SafeNights, to reduce victimization among young college-aged females.
A total of 1,048 women participated; 496 participants in the control and 552 in the experimental condition.
Young Americans crossing the U.S. border to patronize Tijuana bars were randomly assigned to an intervention as they traveled into Tijuana. Upon returning to the United States, participants provided a breath sample and were interviewed.
SafeNights was significantly associated with reductions in reported victimization independent of alcohol consumption.
The intervention will be refined for a broader spectrum of collegiate settings at high risk for heavy drinking and potential victimization.
PMCID: PMC3953031  PMID: 24634576
Alcohol; Victimization; Brief Intervention
4.  Social influences on Cigarette Smoking Among Mainland Chinese and Chinese Americans: A Comparative Study 
The purpose of this cross-national study was to determine the leading social influences on smoking among Chinese Americans and mainland Chinese adults with the aim of improving prevention and intervention strategies to reduce smoking rates. A comparative cross-sectional design was used and a stratified-cluster sampling technique was employed in identifying the study sample. An 80-item questionnaire was administered in Chinese to 1222 participants, 812 in China and 410 in the U.S. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical tests. Results contain comparative data on social influences of smoking among Chinese Americans and mainland Chinese, as well as factors influencing smoking behavior which include cultural beliefs, gender roles, and family relationship dynamics. Grandparents were influential and significantly correlated with current smokers in China. Findings indicate differential effects of social influences on smoking behavior. Similarities and differences provide a basis for improving and/or developing smoking intervention programs of mutual benefit to China and the U.S..
PMCID: PMC3914219  PMID: 24511220
5.  Developing Survey Research Infrastructure At An Historically Black College/University To Address Health Disparities 
This article describes the development of the Center for Survey Research at Shaw University, a Historically Black College and University (HBCU), and its efforts to build a data collection infrastructure that addresses issues germane to health disparities research in the African American population. Academic institutions that are similar to Shaw in size, mission, and background can use the Project EXPORT collaboration and the Center for Survey Research as models for establishing their own research infrastructure and subsequent survey center in order to address health disparities through the use of survey methodology.
PMCID: PMC3215307  PMID: 22090795
A 3-year interactive and passive training for HIV prevention education was conducted for 2,600 prisoners; 1,404 (54%) black, 1,092 (42%) white and 204 (4%) Hispanic. Less than 520 (20%) of inmates knew all the routes of HIV transmission. A post-presentation test showed that 96% became aware of HIV/AIDS transmission and can better protect themselves. Skin infections caused by Staphylococcus aereus were reported and manifested clinically as pustules, cellulites, boils, carbuncles or impetigo. Though no systemic infection was involved, staphylococcal infections suggest lowered immunity, an indicator to undiagnosed HIV. This study purposefully provides HIV prevention education model for prison health educators.
PMCID: PMC2828766  PMID: 20191111
7.  Diffusion of Philadelphia’s No-Smoking Policy to Chinese Businesses 
The study assessed the extent that Philadelphia’s smoking ordinance diffused to Chinatown businesses and identified attitudinal and other barriers to implementation. Guided by constructs from Diffusion of Innovations and Theory of Planned Behavior, a cross-sectional study was conducted. The majority of business owners and employees lacked in-depth knowledge of relevant details of the policy, suggesting that the extent of its diffusion was limited. Retail businesses were more likely to witness smoking post-enactment than restaurants and had more difficulty with implementation. A multi-faceted diffusion strategy through communication channels familiar to the Chinatown community is needed to improve implementation and compliance.
PMCID: PMC2802338  PMID: 20057915

Results 1-7 (7)