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Journal of biomolecular screening (1)
Journal of combinatorial chemistry (1)
AYAD, NAGI G. (1)
CHASE, PETER (1)
HODDER, PETER (1)
MADOUX, FRANCK (1)
MISHRA, JITENDRA K. (1)
Mishra, Jitendra K. (1)
ROUSH, WILLIAM R. (1)
SIMANSKI, SCOTT (1)
Sinha, Subhash C. (1)
Wipf, Peter (1)
Year of Publication
Studies toward a library of tetrahydrofurans: Click and MCR products of mono- and bis-tetrahydrofurans
Sinha, Subhash C.
Journal of combinatorial chemistry
Mono- and bis-tetrahydrofuran-based chemical libraries with diverse structural features have been prepared using the Sharpless azide-alkyne Click reaction and multi-component reactions (MCRs) such as Ugi and Biginelli reactions. Mono- and bis-tetrahydrofuran methyl azides, amines and ureas were key intermediates in these processes, and they were synthesized from the corresponding tetrahydrofuran methyl alcohols by mesylation followed by substitution with azide, reduction of the azide to the amine, and urea formation, as needed. Most mono- and tetrahydrofuran methyl alcohols were obtained by a Sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation reaction. Alternatively, several mono-tetrahydrofurans were prepared by a cobalt(II) complex-catalyzed oxidative cyclization of bis-homoallylic alcohols, which were obtained by copper(I) iodide-catalyzed epoxide opening of 5,6-epoxyhex-1-ene with various alkyl and aryl Grignard reagents. These compounds are examples of an entirely new class of molecules in hitherto unknown chemical space, though their functions are yet to be determined presumably through random screening.
Tetrahydrofuran; Sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation; oxidative cyclization; Biginelli reaction; Ugi reaction and Click chemistry
An Ultra-High Throughput Cell-Based Screen for Wee1 Degradation Inhibitors
ROUSH, WILLIAM R.
AYAD, NAGI G.
Journal of biomolecular screening
The tyrosine kinase Wee1 is part of a key cellular sensing mechanism that signals completion of DNA replication, ensuring proper timing of entry into mitosis. Wee1 acts as an inhibitor of mitotic entry by phosphorylating cyclin-dependent kinase CDK1. Wee1 activity is mainly regulated at the protein level through its phosphorylation and subsequent degradation by the ubiquitin proteasome pathway. To facilitate identification of small molecules preventing Wee1 degradation, a homogeneous cell-based assay was developed using HeLa cells transiently transfected with a Wee1-Luciferase fusion protein. To insure uHTS compatibility, the assay was scaled to 1,536-well plate format and cells were transfected in bulk and cryopreserved. This miniaturized homogenous assay demonstrated robust performance, with a calculated Z′ factor of 0.65±0.05. The assay was screened against a publicly available library of ~218,000 compounds in order to identify Wee1 stabilizers. Nonselective, cytotoxic and promiscuous compounds were rapidly triaged through the use of a similarly formatted counterscreen that measured stabilization of a N-cyclin B-Luciferase fusion protein, as well as execution of viability assessment in the parental HeLa cell line. This screening campaign led to the discovery of four unrelated cell-permeable small molecules that showed selective Wee1-Luciferase stabilization with micromolar potency. One of these compounds, SID4243143, was shown to inhibit cell cycle progression, underscoring the importance of Wee1 degradation to the cell cycle. Our results suggest that this uHTS approach is suitable for identifying selective chemical probes that prevent Wee1 degradation, and generally applicable to discovering inhibitors of the ubiquitin proteasome pathway.
Wee1; degradation; stabilizer; reporter assay; transient transfection; cryopreserved cells; ubiquitin; proteasome
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