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1.  CTC1 increases the radioresistance of human melanoma cells by inhibiting telomere shortening and apoptosis 
Melanoma has traditionally been viewed as a radioresistant cancer. However, recent studies suggest that under certain clinical circumstances, radiotherapy may play a significant role in the treatment of melanoma. Previous studies have demonstrated that telomere length is a hallmark of radiosensitivity. The newly discovered mammalian CTC1-STN1-TEN1 (CST) complex has been demonstrated to be an important telomere maintenance factor. In this study, by establishing a radiosensitive/radioresistant human melanoma cell model, MDA-MB-435/MDA-MB-435R, we aimed to investigate the association of CTC1 expression with radiosensitivity in human melanoma cell lines, and to elucidate the possible underlying mechanisms. We found that CTC1 mRNA and protein levels were markedly increased in the MDA-MB-435R cells compared with the MDA-MB-435 cells. Moreover, the downregulation of CTC1 enhanced radiosensitivity, induced DNA damage and promoted telomere shortening and apoptosis in both cell lines. Taken together, our findings suggest that CTC1 increases the radioresistance of human melanoma cells by inhibiting telomere shortening and apoptosis. Thus, CTC1 may be an attractive target gene for the treatment of human melanoma.
doi:10.3892/ijmm.2014.1721
PMCID: PMC4055431  PMID: 24718655
telomere-binding protein; conserved telomere maintenance component 1; radioresistance
2.  Clinical Characteristics and Biomarkers of Breast Cancer Associated with Choline Concentration Measured by 1H MR Spectroscopy 
NMR in biomedicine  2010;24(3):316-324.
This study was to investigate the association between tCho and the clinical characteristics and biomarker status of breast cancer. Sixty-two patients with breast cancer which was 1.5 cm or larger in size on MR images were studied. The tCho concentration was correlated with the MR imaging features, the contrast enhancement kinetics, clinical variables, and biomarkers. Pair-wise two-tailed Spearman’s non-parametric test was used for the statistical analysis. The tCho was higher in high grade than moderate/low grade tumor (p=0.04) and in tumors with higher Ktrans and kep (p<0.001 for both). The association of tCho with age (p=0.05) and triple negative biomarker (p=0.09) approached significance. tCho was not detected in 17 patients, including 15 invasive ductal cancer and 2 infiltrating lobular cancer. Fifteen of the 17 patients had moderate to low grade cancers, and 11 had HER-2 negative cancer, suggesting these two factors might lead to false negative choline. Higher tCho in high grade tumors and tumors with higher Ktrans and kep indicates choline is associated with cell proliferation and tumor angiogenesis. Higher choline level in younger women may be due to their more aggressive tumor type. The results presented here may aid in better interpretation of 1H MRS for diagnosis of breast lesions.
doi:10.1002/nbm.1595
PMCID: PMC3075960  PMID: 20862660
4.  Q-switched ruby laser in the treatment of nevus of Ota. 
Journal of Korean Medical Science  1996;11(2):165-170.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of Q-switched ruby laser in the treatment of nevus of Ota, a pigmented lesion on the face. The Q-switched ruby laser has been shown to remove tattoos without scarring. With this in mind, the nevus of Ota with pigmented cells in the dermis could be effectively treated with Q-switched ruby laser. Eighty patients (19 men, and 61 women) with nevus of Ota on the face were enlisted to be tested in evaluating the efficiency of Q-switched ruby laser therapy. The age of patients ranged from 1 to 62 years. The energy fluence used varied from 6 to 8.5 J/cm2. Treatment intervals ranged from 4 to 16 weeks, and the number of treatment sessions varied between 1 to 9 visits. During a 2-year follow-up period, more than fifty percent removal of nevus-pigment was noted in 64 of the 80 patients. Transient hyperpigmentation was noted in 32 patients lasting for 2 to 6 months after treatment; transient hypopigmentation was seen in 3 cases which recovered within one year. No patients had permanent textural or pigmentary changes or scarring. Q-switched ruby laser therapy appears to be an effective and safe modality for the treatment of nevus of Ota.
PMCID: PMC3053930  PMID: 8835765
5.  A case of leukemia cutis. 
Journal of Korean Medical Science  1998;13(6):689-692.
We report a case of leukemia cutis with atypical skin manifestations, presented with generalized various sized dark brownish to erythematous patches with plaques on the whole body of a 42-year-old man. Skin lesions developed 6 months ago and had no signs of itching or tenderness. He complained of sustaining fevers with abdominal discomfort. Laboratory findings showed elevation of leukocyte count and peripheral blood smear revealed 86% of lymphocyte. Histologic examination showed diffuse infiltration of abnormal cells that appeared to be leukemic in nature.
PMCID: PMC3054554  PMID: 9886183

Results 1-5 (5)