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author:("knorr, Sarah")
2.  Transdisciplinary Approaches to Understanding and Eliminating Ethnic Health Disparities: Are We on the Right Track? 
Ethnicity & disease  2012;22(4):504-508.
The public health community’s struggle to combat domestic health disparities has occurred in a context of increasing implementation of transdisciplinary research approaches. While conceptually appealing, the focus on the multilevel framing of the causes of ethnic health disparities by large-scale transdisciplinary initiatives has, to date, resulted in few tangible products. Moreover, intervention and community engagement outcomes have received less attention than more process-oriented research outcomes, namely assessing levels of transdisciplinarity achieved during the research process. We argue that a renewed focus on the ultimate products of transdisciplinary approaches, namely effective multilevel interventions, specific health outcome improvements, and greater community involvement, will aid this promising research paradigm in carrying out its philosophical commitment to ending population health disparities.
PMCID: PMC3519365  PMID: 23140084
Transdisciplinary; Health Disparity; Multilevel Intervention; Health Outcome; Evaluation
3.  Social and Ethical Implications of Genomics, Race, Ethnicity and Health Inequities 
Seminars in oncology nursing  2008;24(4):254-261.
Objectives
To review ethical, ethnic/ancestral, and societal issues of genetic and genomic information and technologies in the context of racial and ethnic health disparities.
Data sources
Research and journal articles, government reports, web sites.
Conclusion
As knowledge of human genetic variation and its link to diseases continues to grow, some see race and ethnicity well poised to serve as genetic surrogates in predicting disease etiology and treatment response. However, stereotyping and bias, in clinical interactions can be barriers to effective treatment for racial and ethnic minority patients.
Implications for nursing practice
The nursing profession has a key role in assuring that genomic healthcare does not enhance racial and ethnic health inequities. This will require utilization of new genomic knowledge and caring for each patient as an individual in a culturally and clinically appropriate manner.
doi:10.1016/j.soncn.2008.08.005
PMCID: PMC2892396  PMID: 19000599
human genetics; clinical decision-making; race; health disparities; nursing
4.  Human difference in the genomic era: Facilitating a socially responsible dialogue 
BMC Medical Genomics  2010;3:20.
Background
The study of human genetic variation has been advanced by research such as genome-wide association studies, which aim to identify variants associated with common, complex diseases and traits. Significant strides have already been made in gleaning information on susceptibility, treatment, and prevention of a number of disorders. However, as genetic researchers continue to uncover underlying differences between individuals, there is growing concern that observed population-level differences will be inappropriately generalized as inherent to particular racial or ethnic groups and potentially perpetuate negative stereotypes.
Discussion
We caution that imprecision of language when conveying research conclusions, compounded by the potential distortion of findings by the media, can lead to the stigmatization of racial and ethnic groups.
Summary
It is essential that the scientific community and with those reporting and disseminating research findings continue to foster a socially responsible dialogue about genetic variation and human difference.
doi:10.1186/1755-8794-3-20
PMCID: PMC2888748  PMID: 20504336

Results 1-4 (4)