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Journal of Nematology (1)
Plant physiology and biochemistry : PPB / Societe francaise de physiologie vegetale (1)
Arevalo-Soliz, Lirio Milenka (1)
Avila, Carlos A. (1)
Carruthers, Kelly (1)
Corbett, Brandon P. (1)
Goggin, Fiona (1)
Goggin, Fiona L. (1)
Jia, Lingling (1)
Kulkarni, Shashank (1)
Lorence, Argelia (1)
Sayler, Ronald J. (1)
Suza, Walter P. (1)
Year of Publication
The Effects of Root-knot Nematode Infection and Mi-mediated Nematode Resistance in Tomato on Plant Fitness
Corbett, Brandon P.
Sayler, Ronald J.
Arevalo-Soliz, Lirio Milenka
Journal of Nematology
The Mi-1.2 resistance gene in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) confers resistance against several species of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.). This study examined the impact of M. javanica on the reproductive fitness of near-isogenic tomato cultivars with and without Mi-1.2 under field and greenhouse conditions. Surprisingly, neither nematode inoculation or host plant resistance impacted the yield of mature fruits in field microplots (inoculum=8,000 eggs/plant), or fruit or seed production in a follow-up greenhouse bioassay conducted with a higher inoculum level (20,000 eggs/plant). However, under heavy nematode pressure (200,000 eggs/plant), greenhouse-grown plants carrying Mi-1.2 had more than ten-fold greater fruit production than susceptible plants and nearly forty-fold greater estimated lifetime seed production, confirming prior reports of the benefits of Mi-1.2. In all cases Mi-mediated resistance significantly reduced nematode reproduction. These results indicated that tomato can utilize tolerance mechanisms to compensate for moderate levels of nematode infection, but that the Mi-1.2 resistance gene confers a dramatic fitness benefit under heavy nematode pressure. No significant cost of resistance was detected in the absence of nematode infection.
costs and benefits of resistance; Meloidogyne javanica; Mi-1; Mi-1.2; nematode resistance; plant reproductive fitness; R gene; root-knot nematode; Solanum lycopersicum; tomato
Exploring the impact of wounding and jasmonates on ascorbate metabolism
Suza, Walter P.
Avila, Carlos A.
Plant physiology and biochemistry : PPB / Societe francaise de physiologie vegetale
Vitamin C (ascorbate, AsA) is the most abundant water-soluble antioxidant in plants. Ascorbate provides the first line of defense against damaging reactive oxygen species (ROS), and helps protect plant cells from many factors that induce oxidative stress, including wounding, ozone, high salinity, and pathogen attack. Plant defenses against these stresses are also dependent upon jasmonates (JAs), a class of plant hormones that promote ROS accumulation. Here, we review evidence showing that wounding and JAs influence AsA accumulation in various plant species, and we report new data from Arabidopsis and tomato testing the influence of JAs on AsA levels in wounded and unwounded plants. In both species, certain mutations that impair JA metabolism and signaling influence foliar AsA levels, suggesting that endogenous JAs may regulate steady-state AsA. However, the impact of wounding on AsA accumulation was similar in JA mutants and wild type controls, indicating that this wound response does not require JAs. Our findings also indicate that the effects of wounding and JAs on AsA accumulation differ between species; these factors both enhanced AsA accumulation in Arabidopsis, but depressed AsA levels in tomato. These results underscore the importance of obtaining data from more than one model species, and demonstrate the complexity of AsA regulation.
Ascorbate; vitamin C; jasmonate; ROS; wounding; Arabidopsis; tomato
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