Search tips
Search criteria

Results 1-5 (5)

Clipboard (0)

Select a Filter Below

more »
Year of Publication
Document Types
author:("Li, yanghuo")
1.  Epigenetic regulation of DACH1, a novel Wnt signaling component in colorectal cancer 
Epigenetics  2013;8(12):1373-1383.
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the common malignant tumors worldwide. Both genetic and epigenetic changes are regarded as important factors of colorectal carcinogenesis. Loss of DACH1 expression was found in breast, prostate, and endometrial cancer. To analyze the regulation and function of DACH1 in CRC, 5 colorectal cancer cell lines, 8 cases of normal mucosa, 15 cases of polyps and 100 cases of primary CRC were employed in this study. In CRC cell lines, loss of DACH1 expression was correlated with promoter region hypermethylation, and re-expression of DACH1 was induced by 5-Aza-2'-deoxyazacytidine treatment. We found that DACH1 was frequently methylated in primary CRC and this methylation was associated with reduction in DACH1 expression. These results suggest that DACH1 expression is regulated by promoter region hypermethylation in CRC. DACH1 methylation was associated with late tumor stage, poor differentiation, and lymph node metastasis. Re-expression of DACH1 reduced TCF/LEF luciferase reporter activity and inhibited the expression of Wnt signaling downstream targets (c-Myc and cyclinD1). In xenografts of HCT116 cells in which DACH1 was re-expressed, tumor size was smaller than in controls. In addition, restoration of DACH1 expression induced G2/M phase arrest and sensitized HCT116 cells to docetaxel. DACH1 suppresses CRC growth by inhibiting Wnt signaling both in vitro and in vivo. Silencing of DACH1 expression caused resistance of CRC cells to docetaxel. In conclusion, DACH1 is frequently methylated in human CRC and methylation of DACH1 may serve as detective and prognostic marker in CRC.
PMCID: PMC3933496  PMID: 24149323
DACH1; DNA methylation; Wnt signaling; colorectal cancer; chemosensitivity
2.  Mechanism-based inhibition of quinone reductase 2 (NQO2). Selectivity for NQO2 over NQO1 and structural basis for flavoprotein inhibition 
Chembiochem : a European journal of chemical biology  2011;12(8):10.1002/cbic.201100085.
A role for the flavoprotein NRH:quinone oxidoreductase 2 (NQO2, QR2) in human diseases such as malaria, leukemia and neurodegeneration has been proposed. In order to explore the potential of NQO2 as a therapeutic target, we have developed potent and selective mechanism-based inhibitors centered on the indolequinone pharmacophore. The compounds show remarkable selectivity for NQO2 over the closely related flavoprotein NQO1 with small structural changes defining selectivity. Biochemical studies confirmed mechanism-based inhibition while X-ray crystallography and mass spectrometry revealed the nature of the inhibitor interaction with the protein. These indolequinones represent the first mechanism-based inhibitors of NQO2, and their novel mode of action involving alkylation of the flavin cofactor, provides significant advantages over existing competitive inhibitors in terms of potency and irreversibility, and will open new opportunities to define the role of NQO2 in disease.
PMCID: PMC3880221  PMID: 21506232
quinones; redox chemistry; enzymes; inhibitors; protein structure
3.  Methylation of TFPI-2 is an early event of esophageal carcinogenesis 
Epigenomics  2012;4(2):135-146.
To explore the epigenetic changes and the function of TFPI-2 in esophageal cancer.
Materials & methods
Nine esophageal cancer cell lines, nine normal esophageal mucosa, 60 esophageal dysplasia and 106 advanced esophageal cancer samples were included in this study. TFPI-2 methylation was examined by methylation-specific PCR. TFPI-2 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in tissue samples. The effect of TFPI-2 on proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and migration was analyzed by colony formation assay, western blot assay, transwell assay and flow cytometric analysis.
TFPI-2 expression was regulated by promoter region hypermethylation in human esophageal cancer cell lines, and TFPI-2 expression is inversely correlated with methylation in primary cancer. Methylation was found in 28.2, 33.3 and 33.3% of grade 1, 2 and 3 esophageal dysplasia, and 67% of primary esophageal cancer, but no methylation was found in normal mucosa. Methylation is significantly related to tumor differentiation. Inhibition of invasion, migration, colony formation and proliferation, and induction of apoptosis occurred with the restoration of TFPI-2 expression in the KYSE70 cell line.
TFPI-2 is frequently methylated in esophageal cancer with a progression tendency. TFPI-2 is a potential tumor suppressor in esophageal cancer.
PMCID: PMC3742137  PMID: 22449186
carcinogenesis; DNA methylation; dysplasia; esophageal cancer; TFPI-2
4.  LRP16 Integrates into NF-κB Transcriptional Complex and Is Required for Its Functional Activation 
PLoS ONE  2011;6(3):e18157.
Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB)-mediated pathways have been widely implicated in cell survival, development and tumor progression. Although the molecular events of determining NF-κB translocation from cytoplasm to nucleus have been extensively documented, the regulatory mechanisms of NF-κB activity inside the nucleus are still poorly understood. Being a special member of macro domain proteins, LRP16 was previously identified as a coactivator of both estrogen receptor and androgen receptor, and as an interactor of NF-κB coactivator UXT. Here, we investigated the regulatory role of LRP16 on NF-κB activation.
GST pull-down and coimmunoprecipitation (CoIP) assays assessed protein-protein interactions. The functional activity of NF-κB was assessed by luciferase assays, changes in expression of its target genes, and its DNA binding ability. Annexin V staining and flow cytometry analysis were used to evaluate cell apoptosis. Immunohistochemical staining of LRP16 and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-based evaluation of active NF-κB were performed on primary human gastric carcinoma samples.
We demonstrate that LRP16 integrates into NF-κB transcriptional complex through associating with its p65 component. RNA interference knockdown of the endogenous LRP16 in cells leads to impaired NF-κB activity and significantly attenuated NF-κB-dependent gene expression. Mechanistic analysis revealed that knockdown of LRP16 did not affect tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α)-induced nuclear translocation of NF-κB, but blunted the formation or stabilization of functional NF-κB/p300/CREB-binding protein transcription complex in the nucleus. In addition, knockdown of LRP16 also sensitizes cells to apoptosis induced by TNF-α. Finally, a positive link between LRP16 expression intensity in nuclei of tumor cells and NF-κB activity was preliminarily established in human gastric carcinoma specimens.
Our findings not only indicate that LRP16 is a crucial regulator for NF-κB activation inside the nucleus, but also suggest that LRP16 may be an important contributor to the aberrant activation of NF-κB in tumors.
PMCID: PMC3069058  PMID: 21483817
5.  Aberrant expression of CD133 protein correlates with Ki-67 expression and is a prognostic marker in gastric adenocarcinoma 
BMC Cancer  2010;10:218.
The relationships between the expression of CD133, Ki-67 and prognosis in gastric adenocarcinoma are unknown and needs exploring.
The samples of gastric adenocarcinoma from 336 Chinese patients with follow-up were analyzed for CD133 and Ki-67 protein expressions by immunohistochemical method.
CD133 was expressed in up to 57.4% (193/336) of this group of gastric carcinoma. The expression of CD133 was significantly higher in carcinoma than in normal (P = 0.0001) and dysplastic mucosas (P = 0.004). CD133 was positive corresponded with the tumour size, grade, infiltrative depth and clinical stage (all P < 0.05). The overall mean survival time of the patients with CD133 positive expression was shorter than that of patients with negative expression (P = 0.0001). The expression of CD133 has a positive correlation with that of Ki-67 (r = 0.188, P = 0.001) in gastric adenocarcinoma. CD133 was an independent prognostic indicator. (P = 0.0001).
It is suggested that CD133 may play an important role in the evolution of gastric adenocarcinoma and should be considered as a potential marker for the prognosis.
PMCID: PMC2891633  PMID: 20487522

Results 1-5 (5)