Neutrophils are the primary effector cells in the pathogenesis of transfusion-related acute lung injury or multiple organ failure after blood transfusion.
We aimed to investigate the effect of fresh (1 day preparation) and aged (42 day preparation) PRBC-derived plasma on neutrophil morphology, migration and phagocytosis.
Materials and methods:
We evaluated the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the expression of non-muscle myosin heavy chain IIA (MYH9) in neutrophils treated with PRBC-derived plasma. We used western blots and antibody arrays to evaluate changes in signal transduction pathways in plasma-treated neutrophils.
Aged PRBC-derived plasma elicited a stronger oxidative burst in neutrophils when compared with fresh PRBC-derived plasma (p < 0.05). Antibody arrays showed increased phosphorylation of NF-ĸB proteins (p105, p50 and Ikk) in aged PRBC-derived plasma-treated neutrophils. The expression of non-muscle myosin IIA (MYH9), a cytoskeleton protein involved in immune cell migration and morphological change, was also significantly upregulated in neutrophils treated with aged PRBC-derived plasma compared to fresh plasma (p < 0.05). Pretreatment of neutrophils with blebbistatin (a specific type II myosin inhibitor), ascorbic acid (an antioxidant), or staurosporine (a protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor), effectively abrogated the morphological changes, neutrophil migration, and phagocytosis induced by aged PRBC-derived plasma.
Upregulation of MYH9 in neutrophils treated with aged PRBC-derived plasma and abrogation of neutrophil migration in blebbistatin-treated neutrophils suggested a functional role of MYH9 in the directional migration of immune cells. Our data help elucidate the cellular and molecular mechanisms of transfusion-related injury.