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author:("Gu, yangzhong")
1.  Cytogenetic Analysis of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): Identification of a FRAXE Fragile Site 
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronicpsychiatric diseasecharacterized by recurrent obsessions, compulsions, or both. The prevalence rate of OCD is 2.1% in the general population. Here we report cytogenetic analysis of 26 patients affected with OCD. In one male patient (OCD-K33), we identified a fragile X chromosome by cytogenetic analysis with 21% of cells demonstrating a fragile site at Xq27–q28. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Southern blot analysis demonstrated that the molecular basis of the OCD-K33 fragile X chromosome was expansion of the CCG repeat at FRAXE. The number of the expanded repeats was estimated to be more than 300 copies, qualifying it as a full FRAXE mutation. Further analysis of the family members of OCD-K33 revealed another member with a full FRAXE mutation (630–1,200 copies of the CCG repeat), who had the clinical phenotype of speech impairment, and two other members with normal phenotypes and no FRAXE expansion. The two FRAXE expansions lead to complete methylation at the CCG repeat. The co-segregation of the full FRAXE mutation with apparent neurologic disorders in the same family provides further support to the notion that FRAXE is a genetic neurologic condition. Our findings expand the spectrum of clinical phenotypes associated with FRAXE mutations.
doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.20001
PMCID: PMC1579842  PMID: 12605436
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD); fragile X chromosome; FRAXA; FRAXE; FRAXF; speech impairment; genetics; FMR2; neurologic disorder; mental retardation

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