Enter Your Search:
Results 1-2 (2)
Go to page number:
Select a Filter Below
AMB Express (1)
Applied and Environmental Microbiology (1)
Honda, Yoichi (2)
Watanabe, Takashi (2)
Hashigaya, Wataru (1)
Hida, Yoshifumi (1)
Irie, Toshikazu (1)
Sakai, Ryota (1)
Sakamoto, Takaiku (1)
Suzuki, Kazumi (1)
Tsukihara, Takahisa (1)
Watanabe, Takahito (1)
Yao, Yuki (1)
Year of Publication
A calmodulin inhibitor, W-7 influences the effect of cyclic adenosine 3', 5'-monophosphate signaling on ligninolytic enzyme gene expression in Phanerochaete chrysosporium
The capacity of white-rot fungi to degrade wood lignin may be highly applicable to the development of novel bioreactor systems, but the mechanisms underlying this function are not yet fully understood. Lignin peroxidase (LiP) and manganese peroxidase (MnP), which are thought to be very important for the ligninolytic property, demonstrated increased activity in Phanerochaete chrysosporium RP-78 (FGSC #9002, ATCC MYA-4764™) cultures following exposure to 5 mM cyclic adenosine 3', 5'-monophosphate (cAMP) and 500 μM 3'-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX), a phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis revealed that transcription of most LiP and MnP isozyme genes was statistically significantly upregulated in the presence of the cAMP and IBMX compared to the untreated condition. However, 100 μM calmodulin (CaM) inhibitor N-(6-aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfonamide (W-7), which had insignificant effects on fungal growth and intracellular cAMP concentration, not only offset the increased activity and transcription induced by the drugs, but also decreased them to below basal levels. Like the isozyme genes, transcription of the CaM gene (cam) was also upregulated by cAMP and IBMX. These results suggest that cAMP signaling functions to increase the transcription of LiP and MnP through the induction of cam transcription.
Phanerochaete chrysosporium; cAMP signaling; Calmodulin signaling; Lignin peroxidase; Manganese peroxidase
Mechanism for Oxidation of High-Molecular-Weight Substrates by a Fungal Versatile Peroxidase, MnP2▿
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Unlike general peroxidases, Pleurotus ostreatus MnP2 was reported to have a unique property of direct oxidization of high-molecular-weight compounds, such as Poly R-478 and RNase A. To elucidate the mechanism for oxidation of polymeric substrates by MnP2, a series of mutant enzymes were produced by using a homologous gene expression system, and their reactivities were characterized. A mutant enzyme with an Ala substituting for an exposing Trp (W170A) drastically lost oxidation activity for veratryl alcohol (VA), Poly R-478, and RNase A, whereas the kinetic properties for Mn2+ and H2O2 were substantially unchanged. These results demonstrated that, in addition to VA, the high-molecular-weight substrates are directly oxidized by MnP2 at W170. Moreover, in the mutants Q266F and V166/168L, amino acid substitution(s) around W170 resulted in a decreased activity only for the high-molecular-weight substrates. These results, along with the three-dimensional modeling of the mutants, suggested that the mutations caused a steric hindrance to access of the polymeric substrates to W170. Another mutant, R263N, contained a newly generated N glycosylation site and showed a higher molecular mass in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis. Interestingly, the R263N mutant exhibited an increased reactivity with VA and high-molecular-weight substrates. The existence of an additional carbohydrate modification and the catalytic properties in this mutant are discussed. This is the first study of a direct mechanism for oxidation of high-molecular-weight substrates by a fungal peroxidase using a homologous gene expression system.
Results 1-2 (2)
Go to page number:
Remove citation from clipboard
Add citation to clipboard
This will clear all selections from your clipboard. Do you wish proceed?
Clipboard is full! Please remove an item and try again.
PubMed Central Canada is a service of the
Canadian Institutes of Health Research
(CIHR) working in partnership with the National Research Council's
Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information
in cooperation with the
National Center for Biotechnology Information
U.S. National Library of Medicine
(NCBI/NLM). It includes content provided to the
PubMed Central International archive
by participating publishers.