PMCC PMCC

Search tips
Search criteria

Advanced
Results 1-4 (4)
 

Clipboard (0)
None

Select a Filter Below

Journals
Year of Publication
Document Types
author:("Ki Hong, warn")
1.  Identification of Gene Signatures and Molecular Markers for Human Lung Cancer Prognosis using an In vitro Lung Carcinogenesis System 
Lung cancer continues to be a major deadly malignancy. The mortality of this disease could be reduced by improving the ability to predict cancer patients' survival. We hypothesized that genes differentially expressed among cells constituting an in vitro human lung carcinogenesis model consisting of normal, immortalized, transformed, and tumorigenic bronchial epithelial cells are relevant to the clinical outcome of non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Multidimensional scaling, microarray, and functional pathways analyses of the transcriptomes of the above cells were done and combined with integrative genomics to incorporate the microarray data with published NSCLC data sets. Up-regulated (n = 301) and down-regulated genes (n = 358) displayed expression level variation across the in vitro model with progressive changes in cancer-related molecular functions. A subset of these genes (n = 584) separated lung adenocarcinoma clinical samples (n = 361) into two clusters with significant survival differences. Six genes, UBE2C, TPX2, MCM2, MCM6, FEN1, and SFN, selected by functional array analysis, were also effective in prognosis. The mRNA and protein levels of one these genes—UBE2C—were significantly up-regulated in NSCLC tissue relative to normal lung and increased progressively in lung lesions. Moreover, stage I NSCLC patients with positive UBE2C expression exhibited significantly poorer overall and progression-free survival than patients with negative expression. Our studies with this in vitro model have lead to the identification of a robust six-gene signature, which may be valuable for predicting the survival of lung adenocarcinoma patients. Moreover, one of those genes, UBE2C, seems to be a powerful biomarker for NSCLC survival prediction.
doi:10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-09-0084
PMCID: PMC3382104  PMID: 19638491
2.  A genetic variant near the PMAIP1/Noxa gene is associated with increased bleomycin sensitivity 
Human Molecular Genetics  2010;20(4):820-826.
Mutagen sensitivity, a measurement of chromatid breaks induced by various mutagens in short-term cultures of peripheral blood lymphocytes, is an established risk factor for a number of cancers and is highly heritable. The purpose of this study is to identify genetic predictors of mutagen sensitivity. Therefore, we conducted a multi-stage genome-wide association study. The primary scan analyzed 539 437 autosomal SNPs in 673 healthy individuals, followed by validations in two independent sets of 575 and 259 healthy individuals, respectively. One SNP, rs8093763, on chromosome 18q21 showed significant association with bleomycin (BLM) sensitivity (combined P = 2.64 × 10−8). We observed significantly lower BLM-induced chromotid breaks for genotypes containing wild-type allele compared with the homozygous variant genotype in the discovery set (0.71 versus 0.90, P= 3.77 × 10−5) and in replication phase 1 (0.61 versus 0.84, P= 7.00 × 10−5). The result of replication phase 2 was not statistically significant (0.65 versus 0.68, P= 0.44). This SNP is approximately 64 kb from PMAIP1/Noxa, which is a radiation-inducible gene and exhibits higher expression in BLM-sensitive lymphoblastoid cell lines than insensitive cell lines upon BLM treatment. In conclusion, we identified a biologically plausible genetic variant on 18q21 near the PMAIP1/Noxa gene that is associated with BLM sensitivity.
doi:10.1093/hmg/ddq509
PMCID: PMC3024041  PMID: 21106707
3.  Expression of Interleukin-1 Receptor-Associated Kinase-1 (IRAK-1) in Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma and Preneoplastic Lesions 
Purpose
To identify the pattern of IRAK-1 protein expression in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) and corresponding preneoplastic lesions.
Experimental Design
Archived tissue from NSCLC (adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma; n = 306) and adjacent bronchial epithelial specimens (n = 315) were analyzed for the immunohistochemical expression of IRAK-1, and the findings were correlated with patients’ clinicopathologic features. Furthermore, we investigated the correlation between IRAK-1 expression and expression of NF-κB and IL-1α in tumor specimens.
Results
NSCLC tumors demonstrated significantly higher cytoplasmic and lower nuclear IRAK-1 expression than normal epithelium. Squamous dysplasias had significantly higher cytoplasmic IRAK-1 expression that normal epithelium. In tumors, a significant positive correlation was detected between IRAK-1 expression (nuclear and cytoplasmic; P = 0.011) and IL-1α cytoplasmic expression (P < 0.0001). The correlation between the expression of the markers and patients’ clinicopathologic features varied according to tumor histologic type and sex. High IRAK-1 cytoplasmic expression correlated with worse recurrence-free survival in women with NSCLC (HR, 2.204; P = 0.033), but not in men. In adenocarcinoma, combined low level of expression of nuclear IRAK-1 and NF-κB correlated significantly with worse overall (HR, 2.485; P = 0.007) and recurrence-free (HR, 3.058; P = 0.006) survivals in stage I/II patients.
Conclusions
IRAK-1 is frequently expressed in NSCLC tissue specimens, and this expression is an early phenomenon in the sequential development of lung cancer. IRAK-1 is a novel inflammation-related marker and a potential target for lung cancer chemopreventive strategies.
doi:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-09-0650
PMCID: PMC2811365  PMID: 20028769
lung cancer; inflammation; preneoplastic lesions; dysplasia
4.  Durable Long-Term Remission With Chemotherapy Alone for Stage II to IV Laryngeal Cancer 
Journal of Clinical Oncology  2009;27(12):1976-1982.
Purpose
For patients with stage II to IV laryngeal cancer, radiation therapy (RT) either alone or with concurrent chemotherapy provides the highest rate of organ preservation but can be associated with functional impairment. Thus, we studied the use of induction chemotherapy with or without conservation laryngeal surgery (CLS). Our objectives were to study the sensitivity of laryngeal cancer to platinum-based chemotherapy alone and to highlight the efficacy of CLS in this setting.
Patients and Methods
Thirty-one previously untreated patients with laryngeal cancer (T2-4, N0-1, M0), who were resectable with CLS, were enrolled. Patients received three to four cycles of paclitaxel, ifosfamide, and cisplatin (TIP) chemotherapy, and response was assessed histologically. Patients with partial response (PR) proceeded to CLS. Patients achieving pathologic complete response (pCR) received an additional three cycles of TIP and no other treatment.
Results
Thirty patients were assessable for response. With TIP chemotherapy alone, 11 patients (37%) achieved pCR, 10 of whom (33%) remain alive with durable disease remission and no evidence of recurrence over a median follow-up time of 5 years. Nineteen patients (63%) treated with TIP alone achieved PR. The overall laryngeal preservation (LP) rate was 83%, and only five patients (16%) required postoperative RT. No patient required a gastrostomy tube or tracheotomy.
Conclusion
Chemotherapy alone in selected patients with T2-4, N0-1 laryngeal cancer can provide durable disease remission at 5 years. For patients with PR, CLS provides a high rate of LP. This prospective study suggests that chemotherapy alone may cure selected patients with laryngeal cancer, warranting further prospective investigation.
doi:10.1200/JCO.2008.17.6396
PMCID: PMC2738635  PMID: 19289628

Results 1-4 (4)