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1.  Clinical Characteristics and Molecular Subtyping of Vibrio vulnificus Illnesses, Israel 
Emerging Infectious Diseases  2008;14(12):1875-1882.
The genetically distinct biotype 3 has penetrated Israeli freshwaters and is causing severe illness in persons who handle tilapia or carp.
During 1996–1997, a new Vibrio vulnificus biotype 3, which caused severe soft tissue infection after fishbone injury, emerged in Israel. We conducted a follow-up study from 1998 through 2005 to assess changing trends, outcomes, and molecular relatedness of the implicated strains. A total of 132 cases (71% confirmed and 29% suspected) of V. vulnificus biotype 3 infection were found. Most infections (95%) were related to percutaneous fish exposure, mainly tilapia (83%) or common carp (13%). Bacteremia, altered immune status, and history of ischemic heart disease were identified as independent risk factors for death, which reached a prevalence of 7.6%. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns of strains from 1998 through 2005 and from 1996 through 1997 showed a high degree of homogeneity and were distinct from those of V. vulnificus biotype 1. Infections caused by V. vulnificus biotype 3 continue affect the public’s health in Israel.
PMCID: PMC2634625  PMID: 19046510
Vibrio infections; epidemiology; microbiology; prevention; molecular biology; Israel; tilapia; carp; perspective
2.  Fatal Rickettsia conorii subsp. israelensis Infection, Israel 
Emerging Infectious Diseases  2008;14(5):821-824.
Fatal Rickettsia conorii subsp. israelensis Infection, Israel
Underdiagnosis of fatal spotted fever may be attributed to nonspecific clinical features and insensitive acute-phase serologic studies. We describe the importance of molecular and immunohistochemical methods in establishing the postmortem diagnosis of locally acquired Israeli spotted fever due to Rickettsia conorii subsp. israelensis in a traveler returning to Israel from India.
PMCID: PMC2600240  PMID: 18439372
PCR; Israel; epidemiology; Rickettsia infections; Rickettsia conorii; genetics; pathogenicity; travel; dispatch

Results 1-2 (2)