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1.  Skin-draining lymph node priming is sufficient to induce sterile immunity against pre-erythrocytic malaria 
EMBO Molecular Medicine  2012;5(2):250-263.
The Plasmodium-infected hepatocyte has been considered necessary to prime the immune responses leading to sterile protection after vaccination with attenuated sporozoites. However, it has recently been demonstrated that priming also occurs in the skin. We wished to establish if sterile protection could be obtained in the absence of priming by infected hepatocytes. To this end, we developed a subcutaneous (s.c.) immunization protocol where few, possibly none, of the immunizing irradiated Plasmodium yoelii sporozoites infect hepatocytes, and also used CD81-deficient mice non-permissive to productive hepatocyte infections. We then compared and contrasted the patterns of priming with those obtained by intradermal immunization, where priming occurs in the liver. Using sterile immunity as a primary read-out, we exploited an inhibitor of T-cell migration, transgenic mice with conditional depletion of dendritic cells and adoptive transfers of draining lymph node-derived T cells, to provide evidence that responses leading to sterile immunity can be primed in the skin-draining lymph nodes with little, if any, contribution from the infected hepatocyte.
PMCID: PMC3569641  PMID: 23255300
anti-malaria vaccination; dendritic cells; liver-stage; pre-erythrocytic immunity; skin vaccination approach
2.  Caspase-dependent immunogenicity of doxorubicin-induced tumor cell death 
The Journal of Experimental Medicine  2005;202(12):1691-1701.
Systemic anticancer chemotherapy is immunosuppressive and mostly induces nonimmunogenic tumor cell death. Here, we show that even in the absence of any adjuvant, tumor cells dying in response to anthracyclins can elicit an effective antitumor immune response that suppresses the growth of inoculated tumors or leads to the regression of established neoplasia. Although both antracyclins and mitomycin C induced apoptosis with caspase activation, only anthracyclin-induced immunogenic cell death was immunogenic. Caspase inhibition by Z-VAD-fmk or transfection with the baculovirus inhibitor p35 did not inhibit doxorubicin (DX)-induced cell death, yet suppressed the immunogenicity of dying tumor cells in several rodent models of neoplasia. Depletion of dendritic cells (DCs) or CD8+T cells abolished the immune response against DX-treated apoptotic tumor cells in vivo. Caspase inhibition suppressed the capacity of DX-killed cells to be phagocytosed by DCs, yet had no effect on their capacity to elicit DC maturation. Freshly excised tumors became immunogenic upon DX treatment in vitro, and intratumoral inoculation of DX could trigger the regression of established tumors in immunocompetent mice. These results delineate a procedure for the generation of cancer vaccines and the stimulation of anti-neoplastic immune responses in vivo.
PMCID: PMC2212968  PMID: 16365148
3.  Prevalence of Herpes Simplex Virus (Types 1 and 2), Varicella-Zoster Virus, Cytomegalovirus, and Human Herpesvirus 6 and 7 DNA in Cerebrospinal Fluid of Middle Eastern Patients with Encephalitis 
Journal of Clinical Microbiology  2005;43(8):4172-4174.
HSV-1 DNA was detected in 32 (30%) of 106 cerebrospinal fluid samples from patients with encephalitis. Cytomegalovirus, varicella-zoster virus, and human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) DNAs were each detected in three patients (3%); herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) and HHV-7 PCRs were negative. HSV detection was associated with seizure (P = 0.02), especially focal seizure (P = 0.0002), and pathological computed tomography (P = 0.02) with focal lesions (P = 0.0004).
PMCID: PMC1233955  PMID: 16081968

Results 1-3 (3)