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1.  Prognosis and Prognostic Factors of the Micropapillary Pattern in Patients Treated for Stage II and III Serous Borderline Tumors of the Ovary 
The Oncologist  2011;16(2):189-196.
In this study on 168 patients with stage II and stage III serous borderline tumor of the ovary, micropapillary pattern did not appear to signify a poor prognosis. The only prognostic factor for recurrence in these patients was the use of conservative surgery.
Learning Objectives
After completing this course, the reader will be able to: Discuss the prognostic impact of a micropapillary pattern in patients with stage II and III serous borderline ovarian tumors (SBOT).Consider when conservative surgery is an appropriate intervention in patients with SBOT-MP.
This article is available for continuing medical education credit at
To determine the prognosis of a micropapillary (MP) pattern in patients with stage II and stage III serous borderline tumor of the ovary (SBOT).
Review of patients with stage II and stage III SBOT treated or referred to our institution with characterization of an MP pattern and its clinical impact.
In 1969–2006, 168 patients were reviewed. Fifty-six patients had SBOT-MP. The rate of conservative surgery was lower in the SBOT-MP group than in the typical SBOT group, but the rate of patients with more than three peritoneal sites with implants was higher in the SBOT-MP group. The rate of invasive implants was not statistically different between the two groups. Eighteen recurrences were observed (six of them in the form of invasive disease) in the SBOT-MP group. Only one death was observed. The overall survival times and recurrence-free intervals were similar in both groups. The only prognostic factor for recurrence in the SBOT-MP group was the use of conservative surgery.
In the present series, an MP pattern doesn't appear to signify a poor prognosis. The only prognostic factor for recurrence in SBOT-MP was the use of conservative surgery. Further studies on the MP pattern are needed to evaluate prognosis and the results of conservative surgery.
PMCID: PMC3228092  PMID: 21273510
Borderline tumor; Conservative surgery; Micropapillary pattern; Ovary; Peritoneal implants; Recurrence
2.  Hospital Resources Used for Ectopic Pregnancy Treatment by Laparoscopy and Methotrexate 
To compare resources used in the medical and laparoscopic treatment of unruptured ectopic pregnancy.
We prospectively recorded all the medical resources required in the treatment of unruptured ectopic pregnancy. The study period ranged from January 1, 1995 to June 30, 1998. Single-dose intramuscular methotrexate injections were administered in 55 women (group I). This therapeutic option was provided on an outpatient basis in small EP (β-HCG level < 5000 IU/L and hematosalpinx diameter < 3 cm). Serial clinical controls and biologic tests were performed until bHCG became negative. Forty women underwent a laparoscopic salpingostomy because they refused the methotrexate regimen or had “social” contra-indications (ie, predictable difficulties in the follow-up) (group II). Twenty-one patients underwent conservative laparoscopic treatment because of “medical” contraindications to methotrexate (group III). We recorded the resources used with the outpatient and inpatient treatment in each group (methotrexate consumption, operating room acts, length of hospital stay, clinical examinations, biological tests, and sonograms during the follow-up).
We observed similar cure rates in each group, but it took significantly longer for β-HCG to become negative in group 1. However, hospitalization was significantly less often required, and the length of hospital stay was shorter in this group. But length of follow-up, number of office visits, biological tests, sonograms, and subsequent readmissions were significantly more frequent after methotrexate. Despite more severe clinical presentations for patients in group III, we didn't find any significant differences in the hospital resources used in this group in comparison with those used in group II.
The outpatient methotrexate option may result in low consumption of resources for a hospital because most of the follow-up can be performed by city practitioners and laboratories. For the laparoscopic option, efforts should be made to reduce the postoperative hospital stay.
PMCID: PMC3015437  PMID: 11394423
Ectopic pregnancy; Laparoscopy; Methotrexate; Prospective study; Resource use

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