PMCC PMCC

Search tips
Search criteria

Advanced
Results 1-10 (10)
 

Clipboard (0)
None

Select a Filter Below

Journals
Year of Publication
Document Types
1.  Usefulness of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide in patients admitted to the intensive care unit: a multicenter prospective observational study 
BMC Anesthesiology  2014;14:16.
Background
The role of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) as a prognostic factor in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) is not yet fully established. We aimed to determine whether NT-pro-BNP is predictive of ICU mortality in a multicenter cohort of critically ill patients.
Methods
A total of 1440 patients admitted to 22 ICUs (medical, 14; surgical, six; multidisciplinary, two) in 15 tertiary or university-affiliated hospitals between July 2010 and January 2011 were assessed. Patient data, including NT-pro-BNP levels and Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS) 3 scores, were recorded prospectively in a web-based database.
Results
The median age was 64 years (range, 53–73 years), and 906 (62.9%) patients were male. The median NT-pro-BNP level was 341 pg/mL (104–1,637 pg/mL), and the median SAPS 3 score was 57 (range, 47–69). The ICU mortality rate was 18.9%, and hospital mortality was 24.5%. Hospital survivors showed significantly lower NT-pro-BNP values than nonsurvivors (245 pg/mL [range, 82–1,053 pg/mL] vs. 875 pg/mL [241–5,000 pg/mL], respectively; p < 0.001). In prediction of hospital mortality, the area under the curve (AUC) for NT-pro-BNP was 0.67 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.64–0.70) and SAPS 3 score was 0.83 (95% CI, 0.81–0.85). AUC increment by adding NT-pro-BNP is minimal and likely no different to SAPS 3 alone.
Conclusions
The NT-pro-BNP level was more elevated in nonsurvivors in a multicenter cohort of critically ill patients. However, there was little additional prognostic power when adding NT-pro-BNP to SAPS 3 score.
doi:10.1186/1471-2253-14-16
PMCID: PMC3975327  PMID: 24612820
N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide; Intensive care unit; Critical care; Prognosis
2.  Relationships of Coagulation Factor XIII Activity with Cell-Type and Stage of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer 
Yonsei Medical Journal  2013;54(6):1394-1399.
Purpose
Factor XIII (FXIII), a thrombin-activated plasma transglutaminase zymogen, is involved in cancer development and progression through a triggered coagulation pathway. The aim of this study was to examine whether FXIII activity levels differed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients according to histological types and TNM stage when compared with healthy subjects.
Materials and Methods
Twenty-eight NSCLC patients and 28 normal controls who had been individually age-, gender-, body mass index-, smoking status-, and smoking amount-matched were enrolled: 13 adenocarcinomas, 11 squamous cell carcinomas, and four undifferentiated NSCLCs; four stage I, two stage II, 12 stage III, and 10 stage IV NSCLCs. FXIII activity was measured using fluorescence-based protein arrays.
Results
The median FXIII activity level of the NSCLC group [24.2 Loewy U/mL, interquartile range (IQR) 14.9-40.4 Loewy U/mL] was significantly higher than that of the healthy group (17.5 Loewy U/mL, IQR 12.6-26.4 Loewy U/mL) (p=0.01). There were no differences in FXIII activity between adenocarcinoma (median 18.6 Loewy U/mL) and squamous cell carcinoma (median 28.7 Loewy U/mL). NSCLC stage significantly influenced FXIII activity (p=0.02). The FXIII activity of patients with stage III NSCLC (median 27.3 Loewy U/mL, IQR 19.3-40.5 Loewy U/mL) was significantly higher than those of patients with stage I or II (median 14.0 Loewy U/mL, IQR 13.1-23.1 Loewy U/mL, p=0.04). FXIII activity was negatively correlated with aPTT in NSCLC patients (r=-0.38, p=0.04).
Conclusion
Patients with advanced-stage NSCLC exhibited higher coagulation FXIII activity than healthy controls and early-stage NSCLC patients.
doi:10.3349/ymj.2013.54.6.1394
PMCID: PMC3809885  PMID: 24142643
Factor XIII; histological type; neoplasm staging; non-small-cell lung carcinoma
3.  The start of chemotherapy until the end of radiotherapy in patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer 
Background/Aims
Chemotherapy combined with radiation therapy is the standard treatment for limited stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC). Although numerous studies indicate that the overall duration of chemoradiotherapy is the most relevant predictor of outcome, the optimal chemotherapy and radiation schedule for LS-SCLC remains controversial. Therefore we analyzed the time from the start of any treatment until the end of radiotherapy (SER) in patients with LS-SCLC.
Methods
We retrospectively analyzed 29 patients diagnosed histologically with LS-SCLC and divided them into two groups: a short SER group (< 60 days) and a long SER (> 60 days) group. Patients were treated with irinotecan-based chemotherapy and thoracic radiotherapy.
Results
Sixteen patients were in the short SER group and 13 patients were in the long SER group. Short SER significantly prolonged survival rate (p = 0.03) compared with that of long SER. However, no significant differences in side effects were observed.
Conclusions
Short SER should be considered to improve the outcome of concurrent chemoradiotherapy for LS-SCLC.
doi:10.3904/kjim.2013.28.4.449
PMCID: PMC3712153  PMID: 23864803
Small cell lung carcinoma; Limited-stage; Chemoradiotherapy; Start of any treatment until the end of radiotherapy
4.  A case of secondary syphilis presenting as multiple pulmonary nodules 
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum. The prevalence of this disease has recently increased worldwide. However, pulmonary involvement in secondary syphilis is extremely rare. A 51-year-old heterosexual male patient presented with multiple pulmonary nodules with reactive serology from the Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test and positive fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption testing. A hematogenous metastatic malignancy was suspected and an excisional lung biopsy was performed. Histopathological examination showed only central necrosis with abscess and plasma cell infiltration, but no malignant cells. The patient reported sexual contact with a prostitute 8 weeks previously and a penile lesion 6 weeks earlier. Physical examination revealed an erythematous papular rash on the trunk. Secondary syphilis with pulmonary nodules was suspected, and benzathine penicillin G, 2.4 million units, was administered. Subsequently, the clinical signs of syphilis improved and the pulmonary nodules resolved. The final diagnosis was secondary syphilis with pulmonary nodular involvement.
doi:10.3904/kjim.2013.28.2.231
PMCID: PMC3604614  PMID: 23526483
Syphilis; Treponema pallidum; Multiple pulmonary nodules
5.  Mycobacterium avium lung disease combined with a bronchogenic cyst in an immunocompetent young adult 
We report a very rare case of a bronchogenic cyst combined with nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease in an immunocompetent patient. A 21-year-old male was referred to our institution because of a cough, fever, and worsening of abnormalities on his chest radiograph, despite anti-tuberculosis treatment. Computed tomography of the chest showed a large multi-cystic mass over the right-upper lobe. Pathological examination of the excised lobe showed a bronchogenic cyst combined with a destructive cavitary lesion with granulomatous inflammation. Microbiological culture of sputum and lung tissue yielded Mycobacterium avium. The patient was administered anti-mycobacterial treatment that included clarithromycin.
doi:10.3904/kjim.2013.28.1.94
PMCID: PMC3543967  PMID: 23346002
Nontuberculous mycobacteria; Bronchogenic cyst; Mycobacterium avium complex
6.  A Case of Paraneoplastic Limbic Encephalitis Associated with Small Cell Lung Cancer 
Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis (PLE) is a rare syndrome characterized by memory impairment, affective and behavioral disturbances and seizures. Among many different neoplasms known to cause PLE, small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is the most frequently reported. The pathogenesis is not fully understood but is believed to be autoimmune-related. We experienced a patient with typical clinical features of PLE. A 67-year-old man presented with seizure and disorientation. Brain magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated high signal intensity in the bilateral amygdala and hippocampus in flair and T2-weighted images suggestive of limbic encephalitis. Cerebrospinal fluid tapping revealed no evidence of malignant cells or infection. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography showed a lung mass with pleural effusion and a consequent biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of PLE associated with SCLC. The patient was subsequently treated with chemotherapy and neurologic symptoms gradually improved.
doi:10.4046/trd.2012.73.5.273
PMCID: PMC3517946  PMID: 23236319
Limbic Encephalitis; Paraneoplastic Syndromes; Lung Neoplasms
7.  A Prospective Population-based Study of Total Nasal Resistance in Korean Subjects 
Objectives
Rhinomanometry is a widely accepted method for objective assessment of nasal patency. However, few studies have reported the values of otherwise healthy population for nasal resistance in East Asians. The purpose of this study was to measure normal total nasal resistance (TNR) values in a large sample of Korean adults and to reveal parameters contributing to TNR values.
Methods
Subjects were enrolled from a cohort of the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. They were evaluated by anthropometry, questionnaire, and active anterior rhinomanometry at transnasal pressures of 100 and 150 Pascal (Pa).
Results
The study sample consisted of 2,538 healthy subjects (1,298 women and 1,240 men) aged 20 to 80 years. Normal reference TNR values were 0.19±0.08 Pa/cm3/second at 100 Pa and 0.22±0.09 Pa/cm3/second at 150 Pa. The TNR of women was significantly higher than that of men (P<0.0001). TNR decreased with increasing age in both genders (P<0.05). In women, lower body weight was related to increasing TNR. In men, current smokers had higher TNR than ex-smokers and never smokers.
Conclusion
The results of the present study provide information regarding the values of otherwise healthy population of TNR and parameters associated with TNR in Korean adults.
doi:10.3342/ceo.2012.5.1.39
PMCID: PMC3314804  PMID: 22468201
Adult; Body weight; Nasal obstruction; Reference values; Rhinomanometry; Smoking
8.  Inflammatory and transcriptional roles of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase in ventilator-induced lung injury 
Critical Care  2008;12(4):R108.
Introduction
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) participates in inflammation by cellular necrosis and the nuclear factor-kappa-B (NF-κB)-dependent transcription. The purpose of this study was to examine the roles of PARP in ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) in normal mice lung.
Methods
Male C57BL/6 mice were divided into four groups: sham tracheostomized (sham), lung-protective ventilation (LPV), VILI, and VILI with PARP inhibitor PJ34 pretreatment (PJ34+VILI) groups. Mechanical ventilation (MV) settings were peak inspiratory pressure (PIP) 15 cm H2O + positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) 3 cm H2O + 90 breaths per minute for the LPV group and PIP 40 cm H2O + PEEP 0 cm H2O + 90 breaths per minute for the VILI and PJ34+VILI groups. After 2 hours of MV, acute lung injury (ALI) score, wet-to-dry (W/D) weight ratio, PARP activity, and dynamic compliance (CD) were recorded. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, and nitrite/nitrate (NOX) in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and NF-κB DNA-binding activity in tissue homogenates were measured.
Results
The VILI group showed higher ALI score, W/D weight ratio, MPO activity, NOX, and concentrations of TNF-α and IL-6 along with lower CD than the sham and LPV groups (P < 0.05). In the PJ34+VILI group, PJ34 pretreatment improved all histopathologic ALI, inflammatory profiles, and pulmonary dynamics (P < 0.05). NF-κB activity was increased in the VILI group as compared with the sham and LPV groups (P < 0.05) and was decreased in the PJ34+VILI group as compared with the VILI group (P = 0.009). Changes in all parameters were closely correlated with the PARP activity (P < 0.05).
Conclusion
Overactivation of PARP plays an important role in the inflammatory and transcriptional pathogenesis of VILI, and PARP inhibition has potentially beneficial effects on the prevention and treatment of VILI.
doi:10.1186/cc6995
PMCID: PMC2575597  PMID: 18718025
9.  Combination therapy of disseminated coccidioidomycosis with caspofungin and fluconazole 
Background
The current recommended therapy for diffuse coccidioidal pneumonia involves initial treatment with amphotericin B deoxycholate or high-dose fluconazole, followed by an azole after clinical improvement. Amphotericin B is more frequently used as initial therapy if the patient's deterioration is rapid.
Case presentation
A 31-year-old Korean male with coccidioidomycosis presented to the hospital with miliary infiltrates on chest X-ray (CXR) and skin rash on the face and trunk. Initially, the patient did not respond to amphotericin B deoxycholate therapy. However, following caspofungin and fluconazole combination therapy, the patient showed favourable radiological, serological, and clinical response.
Conclusion
This appears to be the first case of diffuse coccidioidal pneumonia with skin involvement in an immunocompetent patient who was treated successfully with caspofungin and fluconazole. Combination therapy with caspofungin and fluconazole may, therefore, be an alternative treatment for diffuse coccidioidal pneumonia that does not respond to amphotericin B deoxycholate therapy.
doi:10.1186/1471-2334-6-26
PMCID: PMC1386678  PMID: 16480497
10.  A Case of Extramedullary Plasmacytoma Arising from the Posterior Mediastinum 
Plasmacytomas are a localized proliferation of plasma cells in the bone marrow, and are less frequently seen in extraosseous organs or tissues. Extramedullary plasmacytoma is a rare malignant neoplasm, and is especially uncommon when it arises from the mediastinum. Here, we report on a case of posterior mediastinal extramedullary plasmacytoma in a 64-year-old man. He was admitted with an asymptomatic right apical mediastinal mass, which was provisionally diagnosed as a neurogenic mass. However, a subsequent investigation revealed that this tumor was a rare case of IgG kappa type extramedullary plasmacytoma arising from the posterior mediastinum. The patient was treated with local radiation to the mediastinum and is doing well without further evidence of disease.
doi:10.3904/kjim.2005.20.2.173
PMCID: PMC3891389  PMID: 16134775
Plasmacytoma; Mediastinum; Mediastinal neoplasm

Results 1-10 (10)