This study compares very late outcomes following primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with stenting versus balloon angioplasty (BA).
Stenting compared with BA for STEMI improves outcomes at 6–12 months, but comparisons beyond 6–12 months have not been studied. Recent studies have shown that stent thrombosis (ST) continues to increase beyond 3–5 years and may be higher with drug-eluting stents (DES) than bare metal stents (BMS). We hypothesized that there may be a very late hazard with stenting versus BA due to very late ST.
From 1994 to 2010 consecutive patients with STEMI treated with BA (n = 601) or stenting (n = 1,594) were prospectively enrolled in our registry and followed for 1–16 years.
Patients treated with BA were older, were more often female, had more three-vessel disease, and had smaller vessels. Stented patients had trends for less stent/lesion thrombosis (ST/LT) and target vessel (TV) reinfarction at 1 year. In landmark analyses >1 year, stented patients had more very late ST/LT (6.1% vs. 2.9%, P = 0.002) and more TV reinfarction (7.9% vs. 3.1%, P < 0.001) which remained significant after adjusting for baseline risk. The greatest differences in very late outcomes were between DES and BA, but there were also significant differences between BMS and BA.
There appears to be a very late hazard with stenting versus BA for STEMI. These data should encourage new strategies for prevention of very late ST with both BMS and DES including the development of bioabsorbable polymers and stent platforms.